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:: Volume 21, Issue 4 (Winter 2020) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2020, 21(4): 60-67 Back to browse issues page
Effect of training on stable and unstable surfaces on walking kinematic and timed-up-and go test variables in elderly wemon
Zohreh Afsharmand1 , Hassan Daneshmandi2 , Mahdieh Akoochakian * 3, Yahya Sokhanguei4
1- Ph.D Candidate in Corrective Exercise, Kish Branch of Tehran University, Kish, Iran
2- Professor, Department of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Sport Sciences Department, University of Tehran, Kish International Campus, Kish, Iran , makoochakian@ut.ac.ir
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, University of Social Welfare and Rhabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (858 Views)
Background and Objective: There are few studies that highlighted the effectiveness of exercise on unstable surfaces in eldely subjects. This study was done to evaluate the effect of training on stable and unstable surfaces on walking kinematic and timed-up-and go (TUG) test variables in elderly wemon.
Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 75 elderly women were non-randomly assigned to exercises and control groups. Cadence, step length, stride length, step width, walking speed, and TUG were measured. Gait kinematics (cadence, stride length, walking speed, step width) was recorded by an image recording camera. Gait kinematics variables were measured. The average of three repetitions was recorded for analysis for each subject.
Results: Exercise training had a significant effect on the step length, stride length, step width, walking speed, and time of TUG (P<0.05). Although, there was a significant difference in gait kinematics after exercise training, training on foam with (9cm height) created the highest mean difference in TUG, cadence, step length, and training on sand resulted in the greatest mean difference in step length and walking speed variables.
Conclusion: Training on stable and unstable surfaces improves walking kinematic and TUG time variables in elderly wemon.

Keywords: Walking kinematic, Timed-up-and go test, Exercise training, Elderly
Full-Text [PDF 236 kb]   (143 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Rehabilitation
* Corresponding Author Address: kish branc
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Afsharmand Z, Daneshmandi H, Akoochakian M, Sokhanguei Y. Effect of training on stable and unstable surfaces on walking kinematic and timed-up-and go test variables in elderly wemon. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci. 2020; 21 (4) :60-67
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3393-en.html

Volume 21, Issue 4 (Winter 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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