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:: دوره 21، شماره 1 - ( بهار 1398 ) ::
جلد 21 شماره 1 صفحات 87-93 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
رابطه ﺧﻮشﺑﯿﻨﯽ و ﺷﻮخﻃﺒﻌﯽ ﺑﺎ تاب‌آوری زنان پرستار شاغل در بیمارستان‌های شهر اصفهان
آناهیتا خدابخشی کولایی1 ، فاطمه انتخابی2 ، محمدرضا فلسفی نژاد3 ، اکرم ثناگو* 4
1- استادیار، گروه روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه خاتم، تهران، ایران
2- کارشناس ارشد مشاوره، گروه مشاوره، دانشکده علوم انسانی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
3- دانشیار، گروه سنجش و اندازه گیری، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران
4- دکتری پرستاری، دانشیار، مرکز تحقیقات پرستاری، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گلستان، گرگان، ایران ، sanagoo@goums.ac.ir
چکیده:   (887 مشاهده)

زمینه و هدف: ﭘﺮﺳﺘﺎری یکی از ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺗﻨﺶ‌زا اﺳﺖ و یﮑﯽ از ﺳﻨﺪرم‌ﻫﺎی رایﺞ ﻧﺎﺷﯽ از ﺗﻨﺶ در ﺑﯿﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺘﺎران تاب‌آوری پایین است. ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺮدن ﻇﺮﻓﯿﺖ تاب‌آوری یکی از ﻋﻮاﻣﻞ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ در ﺑﺮﺧﻮرد ﺑﺎ ﺗﻨﺶ‌ﻫﺎ اﺳﺖ. این مطالعه به منظور تعیین رابطه ﺧﻮشﺑﯿﻨﯽ و ﺷﻮخﻃﺒﻌﯽ ﺑﺎ تاب‌آوری زنان پرستار ﺑﯿﻤﺎرﺳﺘﺎنﻫﺎی ﺷﻬﺮ اﺻﻔﻬﺎن انجام شد.

روش بررسی: این مطالعه مقطعی توصیفی – تحلیلی روی 230 زن پرستار شاغل در بخش‌های عمومی بیمارستان‌های شهر اصفهان طی سال 1395 انجام شد. ابتدا از ﻣﯿﺎن بیمارستان‌ها، ﺑﻪ ﺷﯿﻮه ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‌ﮔﯿﺮی ﺧﻮﺷﻪ‌ای سه ﺑﯿﻤﺎرﺳﺘﺎن اﻧﺘﺨﺎب ﺷﺪ. ﺗﻌﺪاد ﭘﺮﺳﺘﺎران ﺑﺨﺶ‌ﻫﺎی درﻣﺎﻧﯽ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ در ایﻦ ﺑﯿﻤﺎرﺳﺘﺎن‌ﻫﺎ 600 ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻮد و در ﻧﻬﺎیﺖ ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از ﺟﺪول برآورد حجم نمونه کرجسی و ﻣﻮرﮔﺎن سال 1970، تعداد 235 ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ‌ﺻﻮرت ﺗﺼﺎدﻓﯽ اﻧﺘﺨﺎب ﺷﺪند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه ﺷﻮخ‌ﻃﺒﻌﯽ لفکورت و مارتین (Sense of Humor Questionnaire: SHQ)، ﭘﺮﺳﺸﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺧﻮش‌ﺑﯿﻨﯽ ﺟﻬﺖ‌ﮔﯿﺮی زﻧﺪﮔﯽ کارور و شیرر (Life Orientation Test-Revis: LOT-R) و ﭘﺮﺳﺸﻨﺎﻣﻪ تاب‌آوری ﮐﺎﻧﺮ و دیﻮیﺪﺳﻮن (The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale: CD-RISC) استفاده شد.

یافته‌ها: ﺑﯿﻦ ﺧﻮش‌ﺑﯿﻨﯽ و تاب‌آوری راﺑﻄﻪ آماری معنی‌دار و منفی وﺟﻮد داشت (P<0.05). ﻫﻤﭽﻨﯿﻦ ﺑﯿﻦ ﺷﻮخ‌ﻃﺒﻌﯽ و تاب‌آوری راﺑﻄﻪ معنی‌دار و مثبت یافت شد (P<0.05). علی‌رغم این که ﺗﻤﺎﻣﯽ زیﺮﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪ‌ﻫﺎی ﺷﻮخ‌ﻃﺒﻌﯽ ﻗﺎدر ﺑﻪ ﭘﯿﺶ‌ﺑﯿﻨﯽ تاب‌آوری است. ﺧﻨﺪه از ﺳﺎیﺮ زیﺮﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪ‌ﻫﺎی دیﮕﺮ ﺑﯿﺸﺘﺮیﻦ اﺛﺮ را ﺑﺮ تاب‌آوری داشت.

نتیجه‌گیری:  خوش‌بینی سبب کاهش تاب آوری و شوخ‌طبعی باعث افزایش تاب‌آوری زنان پرستار شاغل در بیمارستان می‌گردد.

واژه‌های کلیدی: خوش بینی، شوخ طبعی، تاب آوری، پرستار
متن کامل [PDF 225 kb]   (56 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: تحقيقي | موضوع مقاله: روانشناسي
* نشانی نویسنده مسئول: گرگان، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گلستان، مرکز تحقیقات پرستاری، تلفن 32451360-017، نمابر 32451353
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Khodabakhshi-Koolaee A, Entekhabi F, Falsafinejad M R, Sanagoo A. Relationship between optimism and humor with resilience in female nurses of hospitals in Isfahan, Iran. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci. 2019; 21 (1) :87-93
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3288-fa.html

خدابخشی کولایی آناهیتا، انتخابی فاطمه، فلسفی نژاد محمدرضا، ثناگو اکرم. رابطه ﺧﻮشﺑﯿﻨﯽ و ﺷﻮخﻃﺒﻌﯽ ﺑﺎ تاب‌آوری زنان پرستار شاغل در بیمارستان‌های شهر اصفهان. مجله علمي دانشگاه علوم پزشكي گرگان. 1398; 21 (1) :87-93

URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3288-fa.html



دوره 21، شماره 1 - ( بهار 1398 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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