1. Ellis DM, Hudson JL. The metacognitive model of generalized anxiety disorder in children and adolescents. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 2010 Jun; 13(2): 151-63. doi: 10.1007/s10567-010-0065-0.
2. Wells A, Clark DM, Salkovskis P, Ludgate J, Hackmann A, Gelder M. Social Phobia: The role of in-situation safety behaviors in maintaining anxiety and negative beliefs - republished article. Behav Ther. 2016 Sep; 47(5): 669-74. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2016.08.010
3. Huntley CD, Fisher PL. Examining the role of positive and negative metacognitive beliefs in depression. Scand J Psychol. 2016 Oct; 57(5): 446-52. doi: 10.1111/sjop.12306
4. Ferla J, Valcke M, Schuyten G. Student models of learning and their impact on study strategies. Stud High Educ. 2009 Mar; 34(2): 185-202. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075070802528288
5. Coutinho SA. The relationship between the need for cognition, metacognition, and intellectual task performance. Educ Res Rev. 2006 Aug; 1(5): 162-64.
6. Herman JL, Stevens MJ, Bird A, Mendenhall M, Oddou G. The tolerance for ambiguity scale: Towards a more refined measure for international management research. Int J Intercult Relat. 2010 Jan; 34(1): 58-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2009.09.004
7. Saeedi Mobarakeh M, Ahmadpour A. [Relationship between the ambiguity tolerance of computer students and their programming grades]. Educ Strategy Med Sci. 2013; 5(4): 219-22. [Article in Persian]
8. O'Connor PJ, Becker K, Bell S. Embracing ambiguity in the workplace: A new measure of tolerance of ambiguity. Queensland University of Technology. 2017.
9. Litman JA. Relationships between measures of I-and D-type curiosity, ambiguity tolerance, and need for closure: An initial test of the wanting-liking model of information-seeking. Personality and Individual Differences. 2010 Mar; 48(4): 397-402. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2009.11.005
10. Nicolaidis C, Katsaros K. Tolerance of ambiguity and emotional attitudes in a changing business environment: A case of Greek IT CEOs. Journal of Strategy and Management. 2011; 4(1): 44-61. https://doi.org/10.1108/17554251111110113
11. Dugas MJ. Cognitive-behavioral treatment for generalized anxiety disorder: from science to practice (Practical Clinical Guidebooks). 1st ed. Routledge. 2006.
12. Fox RS, Lillis TA, Gerhart J, Hoerger M, Duberstein P. Multiple group confirmatory factor analysis of the DASS-21 depression and anxiety scales: how do they perform in a cancer sample? Psychol Rep. 2018 Jun; 121(3): 548-65. doi: 10.1177/0033294117727747
13. Purewal R, Fisher PL. The contribution of illness perceptions and metacognitive beliefs to anxiety and depression in adults with diabetes. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2018 Feb; 136: 16-22. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2017.11.029
14. Normann N, van Emmerik AA, Morina N. The efficacy of metacognitive therapy for anxiety and depression: a meta-analytic review. Depress Anxiety. 2014 May; 31(5): 402-11. doi: 10.1002/da.22273
15. Hong RY, Cheung MWL. The structure of cognitive vulnerabilities to depression and anxiety: Evidence for a common core etiologic process based on a meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychological Science. 2015; 3(6): 892-912. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2167702614553789
16. Dammen T, Papageorgiou C, Wells A. An open trial of group metacognitive therapy for depression in Norway. Nord J Psychiatry. 2015 Feb; 69(2): 126-31. doi: 10.3109/08039488.2014.936502
17. Gavric D, Moscovitch DA, Rowa K, McCabe RE. Post-event processing in social anxiety disorder: Examining the mediating roles of positive metacognitive beliefs and perceptions of performance. Behav Res Ther. 2017 Apr; 91: 1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2017.01.002
18. Ruiz FJ, Odriozola-González P. A longitudinal comparison of metacognitive therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy models of anxiety disorders. Annals of Psychology. 2016; 33(1): 7-17. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.3.227041
19. Buhrman M, Syk M, Burvall O, Hartig T, Gordh T, Andersson G. Individualized guided internet-delivered cognitive-behavior therapy for chronic pain patients with comorbid depression and anxiety: a randomized controlled trial. Clin J Pain. 2015 Jun; 31(6): 504-16. doi: 10.1097/AJP.0000000000000176
20. DiGirolamo GJ, Gonzalez G, Smelson D, Guevremont N, Andre MI, Patnaik PO, et al. Increased depression and anxiety symptoms are associated with more breakdowns in cognitive control to cocaine cues in veterans with cocaine use disorder. J Dual Diagn. 2017 Oct-Dec; 13(4): 298-304. doi: 10.1080/15504263.2017.1360535
21. Aminian O, Sadeghniiat Haghighi K, Shams-Hosseini NS. [Frequency of depression in patients who suffering from insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome diagnosed by nocturnal polysomnography]. Occupational Medicine Quarterly Journal. 2014; 6(2): 76-83. [Article in Persian]
22. Gharraee B. [Identification of identity status and its relationship with identity styles and depression in adolescents]. Ph.D Thesis in Clinical Psychology. Iran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran Psychiatric Institute. 2003. [Persian]
23. McLain DL. The Mstat-I: A New Measure of an Individual's tolerance for ambiguity. Educ Psychol Meas. 1993 Mar; 53(1): 183-89. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164493053001020
24. Wells A, Cartwright-Hatton S. A short form of the metacognitions questionnaire: properties of the MCQ-30. Behav Res Ther. 2004 Apr; 42(4): 385-96. doi: 10.1016/S0005-7967(03)00147-5
25. McLain DL. Evidence of the properties of an ambiguity tolerance measure: the multiple stimulus types ambiguity tolerance scale–II (MSTAT–II). Psychological Reports. 2009 Dec; 105(3): 975-88. doi: 10.2466/PR0.105.3.975-988
26. Abolqasemi A, Narimani M. [Psychological tests]. Ardebil: Razvand Bagh Publishing. 2005. [Persian]
27. Shirinzadeh Dastgiri S, Gudarzi MA, Ghanizadeh A, Taghavi SMR. [Comparison of metacognitive and responsibility beliefs in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and normal individuals]. Iran J Psychiatry & Clin Psychol. 2008; 14(1): 46-55. [Article in Persian]
28. Beck AT, Steer RA. Manual for the Beck Anxiety Inventory. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation. 1990.
29. Hossein Kaviani H, Mousavi AS. [Psychometric properties of the Persian version of Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)]. Tehran Univ Med J. 2008; 66(2): 136-40. [Article in Persian]
30. Beck AT, Steer RA, Epstein N, Brown G. Beck self-concept test. Psychological Assessment: A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1990; 2(2): 191-97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1040-3518.104.22.168
31. Azkhosh M. [Application of psychological tests and clinical diagnosis]. 3rd ed. Tehran: Ravan Publication. 2008. [Persian]
32. Meizer LS, Gamest G, Garino GAJ. [Applied multivariate research]. Translate by Pasha Sharifi H, Farzad WA, Reza-Khani SD, Hassan-Abadi HR, Izanlou B, Habibi M. Tehran: Grow Publishing. 2017. [Persian]
33. Gleason CE, Dowling NM, Wharton W, Manson JE, Miller VM, Atwood CS, et al. Effects of hormone therapy on cognition and mood in recently postmenopausal women: findings from the randomized, controlled KEEPS-cognitive and affective study. PLoS Med. 2015 Jun; 12(6): e1001833. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001833
34. Ahmadi Tahour Soultani M, Najafi M. [The comparison of metacognitive beliefs and ambiguity tolerance among addicted, smokers and normal individuals]. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2012; 3(4): 59-67. [Article in Persian]
35. Babazadeh Afghan M, Najafi M. [Comparing metacognitive beliefs in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder and depression and normal individuals]. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2015; 25 (123): 217-21. [Article in Persian]
36. Mahmoud Aliloo M, Shahoyi T, Hashemi V. [Comparison of intolerance of uncertainty , negative problem orientation, congnitive avoidance, positive beliefs about worries in patient with generalized anxiety disorder and control group]. Journal of Psychology (Tabriz University). 2011; 5(20): 167-85. [Article in Persian]
37. Purnamdarian S, Birashk B, Asgharnejad Farid AA. [The clarification of contribution of meta-cognitive believs in explaining the symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress in nurses]. Knowledge and Research in Applied Psychology. 2012; 13(49): 86-94. [Article in Persian]
38. Salarifar MH, Pouretemad HR. [The relationship between metacognitive beliefs and anxiety and depression disorder]. Yafte. 2012; 13(4): 29-38. [Article in Persian]
39. Solem S, Hagen R, Hoksnes JJ, Hjemdal O. The metacognitive model of depression: An empirical test in a large Norwegian sample. Psychiatry Res. 2016 Aug; 242: 171-73. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.05.056
40. Reavley NJ, Morgan AJ, Jorm AF. Development of scales to assess mental health literacy relating to recognition of and interventions for depression, anxiety disorders and schizophrenia/psychosis. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2014 Jan; 48(1): 61-69. doi: 10.1177/0004867413491157
41. Jelinek L, Van Quaquebeke N, Moritz S. Cognitive and metacognitive mechanisms of change in metacognitive training for depression. Scientific Reports. 2017; Article No: 3449.
42. Newby JM, Williams AD, Andrews G. Reductions in negative repetitive thinking and metacognitive beliefs during transdiagnostic internet cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) for mixed anxiety and depression. Behav Res Ther. 2014 Aug; 59: 52-60. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2014.05.009
43. Østefjells T, Lystad JU, Berg AO, Hagen R, Loewy R, Sandvik L, et al. Metacognitive beliefs mediate the effect of emotional abuse on depressive and psychotic symptoms in severe mental disorders. Psychol Med. 2017 Oct; 47(13): 2323-33. doi: 10.1017/S0033291717000848
44. Wells A. [Meta-cognitive therapy for anxiety and depression]. Translation by Akbari M, Mohammadi A, Hamidpur H, Endouz Z. Tehran: Arjomand Publicatin. 2010. [Persian]
45. Salmani B, Hasani J. [The role of intolerance of uncertainty and positive metacognitive beliefs in obsessive compulsive disorder and depression]. Razi J Med Sci. 2016; 23(142): 64-72. [Article in Persian]
46. Shatarian Mohammadi F, Alizadeh F, Nikokar A. [The efficiency of tolerance of ambiguity on meta-cognition believes and academic engagement among college students]. Journal of Cognitive Learning Strategies in Learning. 2014; 1(1): 31-47. [Article in Persian]
47. Trujillo MA, Khoddam R, Greenberg JB, Dyal SR, Ameringer KJ, Zvolensky MJ, et al. Distress tolerance as a correlate of tobacco dependence and motivation: incremental relations over and above anxiety and depressive symptoms. Behav Med. 2017 Apr-Jun; 43(2): 120-28. doi: 10.1080/08964289.2015.1110559
48. Steenkamp LP, Wessels PL. An analysis of the tolerance for ambiguity among accounting students. International Business and Economics Research Journal. 2014; 13(2): 275-88.
49. Schmidt S, Roesler U, Kusserow T, Rau R. Uncertainty in the workplace: Examining role ambiguity and role conflict, and their link to depression - a meta-analysis. Eur J Work Organ Psychol. 2014 Jan; 23(1): 91-106. doi: 10.1080/1359432X.2012.711523