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:: دوره 23، شماره 1 - ( بهار 1400 ) ::
جلد 23 شماره 1 صفحات 64-72 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
اثر ارتزهای بافت‌دار پا بر فرکانس فعالیت الکتریکی عضلات اندام تحتانی، زمان اتکا و راحتی افراد بالای 55 سال حین راه رفتن
عارفه مختاری ملک آبادی1 ، امیرعلی جعفرنژادگرو* 2، محسن برغمدی3 ، عباس معمارباشی4
1- کارشناس ارشد بیومکانیک ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل. ایران.
2- دانشیار بیومکانیک ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران. ، amiralijafarnezhad@gmail.com
3- دانشیار بیومکانیک ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.
4- استاد بیومکانیک ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.
چکیده:   (366 مشاهده)

زمینه و هدف: گیرنده‌های حس عمقی در کف پای سالمندان کارایی کمتری دارند و تقویت و تحریک این بخش می‌تواند منجر به کاهش خطر افتادن در آنان گردد. یکی از شیوه‌های تقویت گیرنده‌های حسی-عمقی در این افراد استفاده از کفی بافت‌دار است. این مطالعه به منظور مقایسه اثر ارتزهای بافت‌دار پا بر فرکانس فعالیت الکتریکی عضلات اندام تحتانی، زمان اتکا و راحتی افراد بالای 55 سال حین راه رفتن انجام شد.

روش بررسی: این مطالعه شبه تجربی روی 14 زن و 14 مرد در محدوده سنی 56 تا 70 سال که دارای توانایی راه رفتن به صورت مستقل و سلامت جسمی و ذهنی بودند؛ انجام شد. آزمودنی‌ها در پنج وضعیت بدون ارتز و استفاده از چهار نوع ارتز (شامل کفی‌های پا از نوع بافت‌دار ریز و درشت در دو نوع منعطف و سخت) مورد مقایسه قرار گرفتند. به منظور ثبت فعالیت الکتریکی، 8 الکترود بر روی عضلات درشت نی قدامی، دوقلو داخلی، پهن داخلی، پهن خارجی، دو سر رانی، نیم وتری، سرینی و راست کننده ستون فقرات در محل مهره 3 کمری قرار داده شدند.

یافته‌ها: میزان طیف فرکانس فعالیت عضلات درشت نی قدامی و پهن داخلی در مردان نسب به زنان افزایش آماری معنی‌داری نشان داد (P<0.05). فرکانس عضله پهن داخلی در شرایط راه رفتن با ارتز بافت‌دار درشت نسبت به شرایط راه رفتن بدون کفی افزایش آماری معنی‌داری داشت (P<0.05). ارتز بافت‌دار درشت منعطف نسبت به ارتز بافت‌دار ریز از نظر راحتی، معنی‌دار بود (P<0.05). زمان اتکا در هیچیک از شرایط از نظر آماری معنی‌دار نبود.

نتیجه‌گیری: افزایش فرکانس الکترومایوگرافی عضله پهن داخلی هنگام استفاده از ارتز درشت منعطف می‌تواند در افزایش جذب شک و کاهش نرخ بارگذاری عمودی وارد بر پا موثر باشد که این به خودی خود سبب کاهش خطر آسیب در اندام تحتانی افراد بالای 55 سال می‌گردد.

واژه‌های کلیدی: ارتز، الکترومایوگرافی، عضلات اندام تحتانی
Article ID: Vol23-08
متن کامل [PDF 773 kb]   (468 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: تحقيقي | موضوع مقاله: توانبخشی
* نشانی نویسنده مسئول: اردبیل، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، تلفن 33510801-045، نمابر 33512902
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Mokhtari MalekAbadi A, Jafarnezhadgero A A, Barghamadi M, MemarBashi A. Effect of textured foot orthoses on frequency spectrum of lower extremity muscles, stance time and comfort in individuals over age of 55 years during walking. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci. 2021; 23 (1) :64-72
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3702-fa.html

مختاری ملک آبادی عارفه، جعفرنژادگرو امیرعلی، برغمدی محسن، معمارباشی عباس. اثر ارتزهای بافت‌دار پا بر فرکانس فعالیت الکتریکی عضلات اندام تحتانی، زمان اتکا و راحتی افراد بالای 55 سال حین راه رفتن. مجله علمي دانشگاه علوم پزشكي گرگان. 1400; 23 (1) :64-72

URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3702-fa.html



دوره 23، شماره 1 - ( بهار 1400 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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