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:: Volume 22, Issue 1 (Spring 2020) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2020, 22(1): 88-94 Back to browse issues page
The role of social support and personality traits in the incidence of postpartum depression
Farzaneh Maryami1 , Zohre Maryami2 , Imanollahe Bigdeli * 3, Mahmood Najafi4 , Mahdieh Kiani5
1- M.Sc in Clinical Psychology, Health Department Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran.
2- M.Sc in Midwifery, Faculty Member of Midwifery, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Marand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marand, Iran.
3- Professor, Department of Psychology, School of Education and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran , ibigdeli@um.ac.ir
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Semnan, Semnan, Iran.
5- M.Sc in Midwifery, Faculty Member of School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
Abstract:   (803 Views)
Background and Objective: Postpartum depression has a negative effect on maternal health and adverse effect on psychological development of newborns. Also patterns and personality traits can also be associated with postpartum depression. This study aimed to determine the role of social support and Personality in the incidence of postpartum depression.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed on 200 mothers referred to health centers by available sampling method between 6 weeks to 6 months after delivery. Data were collected using a Questionnaire Personal Information, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS, 1987), NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI, 1985) and Social Support Questionnaire Philips (1977).
Results: Postpartum depression was observed in 49 (24.5%) of mothers. Neuroticism had the highest relationship with postpartum depression. The correlation coefficient of this variable with postpartum depression was 52% and this variable alone was 27% of the variance. There was a significant negative relationship between postpartum depression and social support (r= -0.027, P<0.01). There was a significant positive correlation between postpartum depression and neuroticism (r= 0.52, P<0.01).
Conclusion: This study showed that personality traits and social support are two important factors in relation to postpartum depression.
Keywords: Postpartum Depression, Personality Traits, Social Support
Article ID: Vol22-13
Full-Text [PDF 206 kb]   (86 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Health System
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Maryami F, Maryami Z, Bigdeli I, Najafi M, Kiani M. The role of social support and personality traits in the incidence of postpartum depression. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci. 2020; 22 (1) :88-94
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3310-en.html


Volume 22, Issue 1 (Spring 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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