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:: Volume 25, Issue 4 (12-2023) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2023, 25(4): 1-10 Back to browse issues page
The Effects of Foot Orthoses and Shoes on the Biomechanics of the Lower Limbs and Balance in Individuals with Pronated Feet: A Review Study
Ebrahim Piri1 , Amir Ali Jafarnezhadgero * 2, Hamed Ebrahimpour3
1- Ph.D Candidate in Sports Biomechanics, Department of Sports Biomechanics, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
2- Associate Professor, Department of Sport Biomechanics, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran. , amiralijafarnezhad@gmail.com
3- Ph.D Candidate in Sports Physiology, Department of Sports Physiology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
Abstract:   (589 Views)

Foot pronation, as one of the prevalent foot abnormalities, can influence the biomechanics of the lower limbs. The use of various foot orthoses, including insoles and braces, is very common in eliminating this problem. The results obtained regarding the effect of orthoses on pain and biomechanics of individuals with foot pronation are different. The present review study was conducted to evaluate the effects of foot orthoses and shoes on the biomechanics of the lower limbs and balance in individuals with foot pronation. The articles were searched in Persian and Latin languages during 2004-22 in the databases of PubMed, Web of Science (WOS), Scopus, Islamic Science Citation (ISC), and Google Scholar search engine. Moreover, the types of the searched studies were original research, review studies, and clinical trials. Using keywords of Foot pronation, Foot orthoses, Medical soles, and Motion-control shoes, 52 relevant articles were selected, and 22 articles regarding the effects of orthoses and shoes on foot pronation were finally analyzed. Eight articles also reported that reducing forces imposed on the joints, absorbing shock, preventing pronation-related running injuries, and improving muscle activity occurred when using orthosis. Furthermore, 4 articles reported improving sports performance in athletes, reducing the ground reaction forces, and changing the frequency of muscle activity. Finally, 2 articles showed that motion-control shoes prevented intensifying the injury due to increased fatigue and subsequently increased mechanical loading during running. The results of the present study demonstrated that foot orthoses and motion-control shoes could have positive effects on balance, improving the activities of the lower limbs and reducing foot pronation and force imposed on the foot and lower limb joints.

Keywords: Foot [MeSH], Pronation [MeSH], Foot Orthoses [MeSH]
Article ID: Vol25-39
Full-Text [PDF 640 kb]   (1235 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Rehabilitation
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Piri E, Jafarnezhadgero A A, Ebrahimpour H. The Effects of Foot Orthoses and Shoes on the Biomechanics of the Lower Limbs and Balance in Individuals with Pronated Feet: A Review Study. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2023; 25 (4) :1-10
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Volume 25, Issue 4 (12-2023) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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