[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Editorial Board::
Executive Members::
Articles Archive::
Instruction to Authors::
Peer-Review::
Contact Us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 23, Issue 3 (10-2021) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2021, 23(3): 40-46 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Shoes with Spikes Containing Two Different Stiffness on Frequency Spectrum of Muscles during Running in Patients with Pronated Feet
Amir Ali Jafarnezhadgero * 1, Ehsan Fakhri2 , Aydin Valizadeh Orang3 , Raziyeh Alizadeh2
1- Associate Professor, Department of Sport Managements and Biomechanics, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran. , amiralijafarnezhad@gmail.com
2- M.Sc Student in Sport Biomechanics, Department of Sport Managements and Biomechanics, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili.
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
Abstract:   (4956 Views)
Background and Objective: Foot pronation could increase injury occurrence during running. This study was done to investigate the effect of shoes with spikes containing two different stiffness on frequency spectrum of muscles during running in patients with pronated feet.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study was done on15 pronated feet runners with mean age of 27.2±6.4 years. Running was done in two conditions including double density and usual spikes Track and field shoes with between rests of 5 minutes. A wireless 8 channels electromyography system (UK) with bipolar electrodes was used to record the electrical activity of the lower limb muscles. Electrodes were located on tibialis anterior, medial gastrocnemius, vastus medialis, retus femoris, vastus lateralis, biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and gluteus medius muscles in accordance with SENIAM European protocol.
Results: Frequency content of tibialis anterior and gluteus medius at loading phase were significantly greater during running with spikes double density Track and field shoes compared with usual spike shoes (P<0.05). The frequency content of muscles did not demonstrate any significant differences during running with spikes double density Track and field shoes compared with usual spike shoes at both mid-stance and push-off phases.
Conclusion: The double density spikes track and field shoes increased frequency content of tibialis anterior and gluteus medius muscles during loading phase that could be associated with shock absorption.
Keywords: Pronated Feet , Shoes with Spikes , Running [MeSH]
Article ID: Vol23-38
Full-Text [PDF 660 kb]   (11462 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Sports pathology and corrective movements
References
1. Farahpour N, Jafarnezhad AA, Damavandi M, Bakhtiari A, Allard P. Gait ground reaction force characteristics of low back pain patients with pronated foot and able-bodied individuals with and without foot pronation. J Biomech. 2016 Jun; 49(9): 1705-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2016.03.056 [DOI] [PubMed]
2. Farahpour N, Jafarnezhadgero AA, Allard P, Majlesi M. Muscle activity and kinetics of lower limbs during walking in pronated feet individuals with and without low back pain. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2018 Apr; 39: 35-41. DOI: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2018.01.006 [DOI] [PubMed]
3. Oatis CA. Kinesiology: The Mechanics and Pathomechanics of Human Movement. 2nd ed. New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2008; pp: 600-726.
4. Napolitano C, Walsh S, Mahoney L, McCrea J. Risk factors that may adversely modify the natural history of the pediatric pronated foot. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2000 Jul; 17(3): 397-417. [View at Publisher]
5. Zhang X, Aeles J, Vanwanseele B. Comparison of foot muscle morphology and foot kinematics between recreational runners with normal feet and with asymptomatic over-pronated feet. Gait Posture. 2017 May; 54: 290-94. DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.03.030 [DOI] [PubMed]
6. Jafarnezhadgero AA, Fatollahi A, Amirzadeh N, Siahkouhian M, Granacher U. Ground reaction forces and muscle activity while walking on sand versus stable ground in individuals with pronated feet compared with healthy controls. PLoS One. 2019 Sep; 14(9): e0223219. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223219 [DOI] [PubMed]
7. Lafortune M. The role of research in the development of athletic footwear. J Foot Ankle Res. 2008; 1(Suppl 1): K3. DOI: 10.1186/1757-1146-1-S1-K3 [DOI] [PubMed]
8. Davis IS. The re-emergence of the minimal running shoe. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2014 Oct; 44(10): 775-84. DOI: 10.2519/jospt.2014.5521 [DOI] [PubMed]
9. Nigg BM, Segesser B. [The running shoe--a means of preventing running complaints]. Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb. 1986 Nov-Dec; 124(6): 765-71. DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1045037 [Article in German] [DOI] [PubMed]
10. Zhang Y. Influence of Running Shoes Made of Different Materials on Athletes’ Sprint Speed. Advanced Materials Research. 2014 Dec; 1061-1062: 724-27. DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.1061-1062.724 [Article] [DOI]
11. Faul F, Erdfelder E, Buchner A, Lang AG. Statistical power analyses using G*Power 3.1: tests for correlation and regression analyses. Behav Res Methods. 2009 Nov; 41(4): 1149-60. DOI: 10.3758/BRM.41.4.1149 [DOI] [PubMed]
12. Winter DA. Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement. 4th ed. New York: Wiley. 2009; pp: 324-300.
13. Hermens H, Freriks B, Merletti R, Stegeman D, Blok J, Rau G, et al. European recommendations for surface electromyography: Results of the SENIAM Project. 1999. [Article]
14. Murley GS, Menz HB, Landorf KB. Foot posture influences the electromyographic activity of selected lower limb muscles during gait. J Foot Ankle Res. 2009 Nov; 2: 35. DOI: 10.1186/1757-1146-2-35 [DOI] [PubMed]
15. Whittle M. An Introduction to Gait Analysis. 4th ed. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. 2006; pp: 52-141.
16. Al-Shuka HFN, Rahman MH, Leonhardt S, Ciobanu I, Berteanu M. Biomechanics, actuation, and multi-level control strategies of power-augmentation lower extremity exoskeletons: an overview. Int J Dynam Control. 2019; 7(4): 1462-88. DOI: 10.1007/s40435-019-00517-w [Article] [DOI]
17. Fang Y, Siemionow V, Sahgal V, Xiong F, Yue GH. Greater movement-related cortical potential during human eccentric versus concentric muscle contractions. J Neurophysiol. 2001 Oct; 86(4): 1764-72. DOI: 10.1152/jn.2001.86.4.1764 [DOI] [PubMed]
18. Pincivero DM, Coelho AJ, Campy RM. Contraction mode shift in quadriceps femoris muscle activation during dynamic knee extensor exercise with increasing loads. J Biomech. 2008 Nov; 41(15): 3127-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.09.003 [DOI] [PubMed]
19. Johnson MA, Polgar J, Weightman D, Appleton D. Data on the distribution of fibre types in thirty-six human muscles. An autopsy study. J Neurol Sci. 1973 Jan; 18(1): 111-29. DOI: 10.1016/0022-510x(73)90023-3 [DOI] [PubMed]
20. Katoulis EC, Ebdon-Parry M, Lanshammar H, Vileikyte L, Kulkarni J, Boulton AJ. Gait abnormalities in diabetic neuropathy. Diabetes Care. 1997 Dec; 20(12): 1904-1907. DOI: 10.2337/diacare.20.12.1904 [DOI] [PubMed]
21. Kwon OY, Minor SD, Maluf KS, Mueller MJ. Comparison of muscle activity during walking in subjects with and without diabetic neuropathy. Gait Posture. 2003 Aug; 18(1): 105-13. DOI: 10.1016/s0966-6362(02)00166-2 [DOI] [PubMed]
22. Schoenfeld B. Science and Development of Muscle Hypertrophy. 1st ed. Champaign: Human Kinetics. 2016; pp: 154-61.
23. Fritzsche K, Blüher M, Schering S, Buchwalow IB, Kern M, Linke A, et al. Metabolic profile and nitric oxide synthase expression of skeletal muscle fibers are altered in patients with type 1 diabetes. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2008 Nov; 116(10): 606-13. DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1073126 [DOI] [PubMed]
Send email to the article author


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jafarnezhadgero A A, Fakhri E, Valizadeh Orang A, Alizadeh R. Effect of Shoes with Spikes Containing Two Different Stiffness on Frequency Spectrum of Muscles during Running in Patients with Pronated Feet. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2021; 23 (3) :40-46
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3808-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 23, Issue 3 (10-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 36 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652