[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Editorial Board::
Executive Members::
Articles Archive::
Instruction to Authors::
Peer-Review::
Contact Us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 21, Issue 1 (3-2019) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2019, 21(1): 113-122 Back to browse issues page
Removal of phenol in aqueous solutions by ferrous activated persulfate in the present of UV irradiation
Zahra Sharifi1 , Ghorban Asgari2 , Abdolmotaleb Seid-mohammadi * 3
1- M.Sc in Environmental Health Engineering, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences Hamadan, Hamadan, Iran
2- Associate professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3- Associate professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , sidmohammadi@umsha.ac.ir
Abstract:   (8532 Views)
Background and Objective: Organic aromatic compounds as common environmental pollutants can be existing in the effluent of different industries in concentrations ranging from trace quantities to hundreds of milligrams per liter. Phenol compounds extremely have been used in pharmaceutical, wood industry and paper and dyes industries which introduced to environment via effluents. This study was done to evaluate the efficacy of persulfate activated by Fe2+ in the present of UV for removal of phenol from aqueous solutions.
Methods: This photocatalytic degradation experiment was performed in batch mode using a 2.5 L cylindrical reactor equipped with low-pressure Hg vapor lamp of 55 W for wavelength production of 253.7 nm. The effects of operating parameters such as pH of the solution (pH: 3-10), different initial persulfate concentration (10-75 mmol/l), initial Fe2+ concentration (5-30 mmol/l) and initial phenol concentration (10-100 mg/l). Concentration changes of phenol were determined using UV–VIS spectroscopy at the wavelength of 500 nm.
Results: Degradation of phenol was significantly decreased with increasing of pH from 3 to 10, whereas the highest phenol removal rate was 82% at pH=3 in 45 min contact time. Also, the phenol removal rate is depending on initial persulfate and Fe2+ concentration. The degradation of phenol by this photocatalytic followed first order rate decay kinetics (R2>98%(. Under optimum operational conditions, the removal of TOC was obtained to be 61% in 45 min contact time.
Conclusion: This study indicated that activation of persulfate by Fe2+ in the present of UV process could serve as a novel treatment technique for removal of phenol in aqueous solution.
 
Keywords: Ultraviolet, Fe2+, Persulfate activation, Phenol, Wastewater
Full-Text [PDF 369 kb]   (10620 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Environmental Health
References
1. Bahrami Asl F, Kermani M, Farzadkia M, Esrafili A, Salahshour Arian S, mokammel A et al. Removal of Metronidazole from Aqueous solution using ozonation process. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2015; 24(121): 131-40. [Article in Persian]
2. Ao X, Liu W. Degradation of sulfamethoxazole by medium pressure UV and oxidants: peroxymonosulfate, persulfate, and hydrogen peroxide. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2017 Apr; 313: 629-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.12.089
3. Maleki A, Khadem Erfan MB, Seyed Mohammadi AM, Ebrahimi R. Application of commercial powdered activated carbon for adsorption of carbolic acid in aqueous solution. Pak J Biol Sci. 2007; 10(14): 2348-52. doi: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.2348.2352
4. Busca G, Berardinelli S, Resini C, Arrighi L. Technologies for the removal of phenol from fluid streams: a short review of recent developments. J Hazard Mater. 2008 Dec; 160(2-3): 265-88. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.03.045
5. Ayisha Sidiqua M, Kanmani S Degradation of phenolic wastewaters by UV-LED/H2O2/Nano-TiO2. Int J Eng Technol Manag Appl Sci. 2015; 3(8): 73-80.
6. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations Complete. EPA 816-F-09-004. MAY 2009.
7. Poulopoulos SG, Korologos CA, Boulamanti A, Philippopoulos CJ. Treatment of 2-chlorophenol aqueous solutions by wet oxidation. Water Res. 2007 Mar; 41(6): 1263-68. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2006.12.038
8. Seid-mohammadi A, Asgari G, PoormohammadiA, Ahmadian M, Rezaeivahidian H. Removal of phenol at high concentrations using UV/Persulfate from saline Wastewater. Desalination and Water Treatment. 2016; 57(42): 19988-95. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2015.1102770
9. Roostaei N, Tezel FH. Removal of phenol from aqueous solutions by adsorption. J Environ Manage. 2004; 70(2): 157-64.
10. Asgari G, Seidmohammadi A, Chavoshani A. Pentachlorophenol removal from aqueous solutions by microwave/persulfate and microwave/H2O2: A comparative kinetic study. J Environ Health Sci Eng. 2014; 12: 94. doi: 10.1186/2052-336X-12-94
11. Mustafa YA, Shihab AH. Removal of 4-chlorophenol from wastewater using a pilot-scale advanced oxidation process. Desalination and Water Treatment. 2013; 51(34-36): 6663-75. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2013.765362
12. Seidmohammadi A, Asgari G, Torabi L. [Removal of Metronidazole using ozone activated persulfate from aqua solutions in presence of ultrasound]. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2016; 26(143): 160-73. [Article in Persian]
13. Wang Y, Zhang H, Chen L, Wang Sh, Zhang D. Ozonation combined with ultrasound for the degradation of tetracycline in a rectangular air-lift reactor. Sep Purif Technol. 2012; 84: 138-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2011.06.035
14. Lin YT, Liang C, Chen JH. Feasibility study of ultraviolet activated persulfate oxidation of phenol. Chemosphere. 2011 Feb; 82(8): 1168-72. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.12.027
15. Liu CS, Shih K, Sun CX, Wang F. Oxidative degradation of propachlor by ferrous and copper ion activated persulfate. Sci Total Environ. 2012 Feb; 416: 507-12. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.12.004
16. Rao YF, Qu L, Yang H, Chu W. Degradation of carbamazepine by Fe(II)-activated persulfate process. J Hazard Mater. 2014 Mar; 268: 23-32. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.01.010
17. Naim S, Ghauch A. Ranitidine abatement in chemically activated persulfate systems: Assessment of industrial iron waste for sustainable applications. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2016 Mar; 288: 276-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.11.101
18. Kang J, Duan X, Zhou L, Sun H, Tade MO, Wang Sh. Carbocatalytic activation of persulfate for removal of antibiotics in water solutions. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2016 Mar; 288: 399-405. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.12.040
19. Zazo JA, Pliego G, García-Muñoz P, Casas JA, Rodriguez JJ. UV-LED assisted catalytic wet peroxide oxidation with a Fe (II)-Fe (III)/activated carbon catalyst. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 2016 Sep; 192: 350-56. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.apcatb.2016.04.010
20. Weng C-H, Ding F, Lin Y-T, Liu N. Effective decolorization of polyazo direct dye Sirius Red F3B using persulfate activated with Fe0 aggregate. Sep Purif Technol. 2015 Jun; 147: 147-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2015.03.062
21. Wei X, Gao N, Li C, Deng Y, Deng S, Li L. Zero-Valent iron activation of persulfate (PS) for oxidation of bentazon in water. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2016 Feb; 285: 660-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.08.120
22. Seidmohammadi A, Amiri R, Faradmal J, Lili M, Asgari Gh. UVA-LED assisted persulfate/nZVI and hydrogen peroxide/nZVI for degrading 4-chlorophenol in aqueous solutions. Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering. 2018; 35(3): 694-701. doi: 10.1007/s11814-017-0317-5
23. Hussain I, Zhang Y, Huang S, Du X . Degradation of p-chloroaniline by persulfate activated with zero-valent iron. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2012 Sep; 203: 269-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.06.120
24. Zhou L, Zheng W, Ji Y, Zhang J, Zeng C, Zhang Y, et al. Ferrous-activated persulfate oxidation of arsenic(III) and diuron in aquatic system. J Hazard Mater. 2013 Dec; 263 Pt 2: 422-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.09.056
25. Rodriguez S, Vasquez L, Costa D, Romero A, Santos A. Oxidation of orange G by persulfate activated by Fe(II), Fe(III) and zero valent iron (ZVI). Chemosphere. 2014 Apr; 101: 86-92. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.12.037
26. Nie M, Yan C, Li M, Wang X, Bi W, Dong W. Degradation of chloramphenicol by persulfate activated by Fe2+ and zerovalent iron. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2015 Nov; 279: 507-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.05.055
27. APHA. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 21st Edition. American Public Health Association/American Water Works Association/Water Environment Federation, Washington DC. 2005.
28. Wang CW, Liang C. Oxidative degradation of TMAH solution with UV persulfate activation. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2014 Oct; 254: 472-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.05.116
29. Luo C, Jiang J, Ma J, Pang S, Liu Y, Song Y, Guan C, et al. Oxidation of the odorous compound 2,4,6-trichloroanisole by UV activated persulfate: Kinetics, products, and pathways. Water Res. 2016 Jun; 96: 12-21. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2016.03.039
30. Wang S, Zhou N. Removal of carbamazepine from aqueous solution using sono-activated persulfate process. Ultrason Sonochem. 2016 Mar; 29: 156-62. doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2015.09.008
31. Darvishi Cheshmeh Soltani R, Safari M, Mashayekhi M. Sonocatalyzed decolorization of synthetic textile wastewater using sonochemically synthesized MgO nanostructures. Ultrason Sonochem. 2016 May; 30: 123-31. doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2015.11.018
32. Jorfi S, Barzegar G, Ahmadi M, Darvishi Cheshmeh Soltani R, Alah Jafarzadeh Haghighifard N, Takdastan A, et al. Enhanced coagulation-photocatalytic treatment of Acid red 73 dye and real textile wastewater using UVA/synthesized MgO nanoparticles. J Environ Manage. 2016 Jul; 177: 111-18. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.04.005
33. Vinu R, Madras G. Kinetics of simultaneous photocatalytic degradation of phenolic compounds and reduction of metal ions with nano-TiO2. Environ Sci Technol. 2008 Feb; 42(3): 913-19.
Send email to the article author


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sharifi Z, Asgari G, Seid-mohammadi A. Removal of phenol in aqueous solutions by ferrous activated persulfate in the present of UV irradiation. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2019; 21 (1) :113-122
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3250-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 21, Issue 1 (3-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 36 queries by YEKTAWEB 4645