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:: Volume 13, Issue 4 (Winter 2012) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2012, 13(4): 76-83 Back to browse issues page
Knowledge and practice among women about self-medication based on health belief model
Pirzadeh A (MSc) *1, Sharifirad Gh (PhD)2
1- PhD Student in Health Education, Department of health education and promotion, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran , pirzadeh62@yahoo.com
2- Professor, Department of of Health Education and Promotion, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (12069 Views)
Background and Objective: The majority of medicines are associated with some form of side effects due to high prevalence of self- medication in Iran .There is not any drug without side effects the prevalence of self- medication in Iran's provinces is increasing. This study was done to determine the knowledge and practice among woman about self -medication based on health belief model. Materials and Methods: This cross- sectional study carried out on 385 women whom referred to health centers in Isfahan, Iran during 2008. Data were collected by a questionnaire including knowledge, practice and health belief model structures. Results: The mean score of knowledge was 82.97±13.80 and means score of perceived susceptibility 72.48±17.11, severity 71.60±14.73, benefits 68.29±17.13 and barriers 61.64±19.67. 86% of women have done self–medication at least in one disease in 6 months earlier Including: cold 225 (57.6%), headache 28 (53.7%) and anemia 51 (13.2%). The main reasons for self –medication were previous experience and medicine accessibility .The main reasons to avoid self –medication was the side effects of medicine. Conclusion: Self-medication can be prevented thought increasing knowledge and education about severity of drug side effects.
Keywords: Self - medication, Drug, Knowledge, Practice, Health Belief Model
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Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Health System
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Pirzadeh A (MSc), Sharifirad Gh (PhD). Knowledge and practice among women about self-medication based on health belief model. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci. 2012; 13 (4) :76-83
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-1199-en.html


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Volume 13, Issue 4 (Winter 2012) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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