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:: Volume 21, Issue 1 (3-2019) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2019, 21(1): 87-93 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between optimism and humor with resilience in female nurses of hospitals in Isfahan, Iran
Anahita Khodabakhshi-Koolaee1 , Fatemeh Entekhabi2 , Mohammad Reza Falsafinejad3 , Akram Sanagoo * 4
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Education, Faculty of Humanities, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran
2- M.Sc in Counseling, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Human Science, Science and Research of Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad university, Tehran, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Department of Assessment and Measurement, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Allameh Tabatabaii University, Tehran, Iran
4- Ph.D in Nursing, Associate Professor, Nursing Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran , sanagoo@goums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (10384 Views)
Background and Objective: Nursing is one of the most stressful occupations and one of the common stress-induced syndromes among nurses is low resilient. Raising resilience is one of the effective factors in dealing with tensions. This study was done to determine the relationship between optimism and humor with resilience in female nurses.
Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was carried out on 230 female nurses who worked in Isfahan, Iran during 2016. The number of nurses in different departments in these hospitals was 600; finally, 235 people were randomly selected using the Morgan table. In order to collecting data, sense of humor questionnaire by Lefcourt & Martin (SHQ), life orientation optimism questionnaire Carver & Scheier (LOT-R), and Conner and Davidson resilience questionnaires were used.
Results: There was a significant negative relationship between optimism and resilience (P<0.05). Also, there was a significant and positive correlation between humor and resilience (P<0.05). The fact that all the sub-scales of humor can predict resilience, laughter has the greatest effect on resilience.
Conclusion: This study showed that with increasing humor, resilience is rising in female nurses.

 
Keywords: Optimism, Humor, Resilient, Nurse, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 225 kb]   (15062 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Clinical Psychology
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Khodabakhshi-Koolaee A, Entekhabi F, Falsafinejad M R, Sanagoo A. Relationship between optimism and humor with resilience in female nurses of hospitals in Isfahan, Iran. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2019; 21 (1) :87-93
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3288-en.html


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Volume 21, Issue 1 (3-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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