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Showing 41 results for Female

H Taherkhani, Kh sardarian,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (4-2007)
Abstract

Abstract Background & Objectives: Giardia lamblia is one of the most common protozoa in human being throughout the world. The different isolates of this parasite have various potential pathogenicity. Clinical demonstrations of Giardiasis are acute diarrhea, chronic diarrhea syndrome and malabsorbtion.The aim of this study has been the observation of the different kinds of clinical features in patients with Giardia lamblia referred to the Hamadan faculty of medicine, 2004- 2005 Materials & Methods: The fecal samples of 274 patients referred to Hamadan faculty of medicine were examined via direct and Formol- Eter methods. By a questionnaire, the subjects’ clinical manifestations were recorded and then analyzed. Results: In this study, 20.4% of the patients (55.4% male, 44.6% female) were infected with Giardia. 46.5% of them complained of abdominal pain. The prevalence of Giardia was 30.8 %( 6-10 years) and 23.1% (1-5 years). The most common signs observed were abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting, respectively. Conclusion: The most common sign observed in this study was abdominal pain, partially similar to studies carried out in other parts of Iran and the world too. Key word: Giardiasis, Clinical Signs,Epidemioloy,Hamadan


F Niknezhad, Mj Kabir, A Keshtkar, B Hazrati, N Kurdjazi, I Rezayyan, Ah Ankizeh,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (10-2007)
Abstract

Abstract Background and objectives: Vibrio Cholera is one of the causative agents that can easily lead to death if the appropriate therapeutic measures are not taken in time. The purpose of this study is to identify the antibiotic sensitivity of the isolated V. choleras from the patients during the outbreak of Cholera in Golestan province, 2005. Materials and Methods: The Subjects were 97 positive cultured samples sent by different laboratories of Golestan province health centers .First, these samples were confirmed with microbiological and biochemical tests. Then, their antibiotic sensitivity was examined by Kirby –Bauer method (12 routine drugs were used).To obtain better results, the tests carried out in parallel by two expert technologists. Results: The participants, aged 29.8 +- 16 years, are male (52.6%) and female (47.1%). The highest antibiotic susceptibility pattern is related to Cephotaxime (91.6%), Ceftizoxime (87.8%), Oxcy Tetracycline (76.1%) while the most antibiotic resistance is referred to Nalidixic Acid (84.5%), Fourazolidin (50.7%) and Erythromycin (50.7%). During outbreak, Antibiotic resistance was not increased. Both technologists reports regarding Ampicillin, Tetracycline, Nalidixic Acid (kappa of 94%, 89%, 82%, p value<0.05) have the most agreement while it is not true about Erythromycin and Fourazolidin disks. (Kappa 67% and 62%, p value<0.05) Conclusion: Because of the resistance of Vibrio cholera to different antibiotic agent, it is important to determine their pattern to control and prevent the spread of drug resistance species. Key words: Vibrio cholera, Inaba, antibiotic resistance, Golestan


Kh Kalavi, A Moradi, Ar Ahmadi, Aj Sarikhani, M Bazoori, Mr Kyaee,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (4-2008)
Abstract

Abstract Background and objectives: Human T-Lymphocyte Virus-1 (HTLV- 1) is known as the etiologic factor of acute T-Lymphocytic Leukemia (ATL) and tropical spastic paralysis. (TSP). Endemic factors causing infection with Human T Lymphocyte Virus-1 (HTLV-1) is based on environmental, socio-economical and health behaviors of the individuals. This virus is well distributed in families with involved members. Golestan province is located in North West part of Northern Khorasan province that had already been known as an endemic area for HTLV-1. This virus is also known as the main etiologic factor for cancers and ATL, therefore we studied the prevalence of HTLV-1 seroepidemiology in Golestan province. Material and Methods: The subjects selected by cluster sampling were 2034 healthy cases residing in different parts of Golestan province. ELISA method using Dia- pro anti HTLV-1 antibody kits was applied for serological assessment. Western Blot (HTLV BLOT 2.4) was used for confirmation purposes. Results: The subjects aged 38.66±16.54 were 2034 healthy persons. Forty-one point seven of these cases were males and the rest females. Based on ELISA method there were15 HTLV-1 positive cases (0.7%). -1. (0.7%) Six out of 15 were confirmed by western blot method (95%, CI: 0.06-0.53%). The highest prevalence sigllificant) aiology is in the highat rate in 31-40 year old gro0.7%). onclusion: This study shows that HTLV-1 is prevalent in Golestan the same as the other parts of the world. There fere: we urse on performing screening test (HTLV-) on donated blood components before delivering (OK labeling). Key words: HTLV-1, Seroepidemiology, ELISA, Western Blot, Golestan ATL(Acute T lymphocytic Leukemia) Six cases out of 15 were confirmed by western blot method (95%, CI: 0.06-0.53%). The highest prevalence was 2.6% seen in Kalaleh city (east part of the province) [95%, Cl: 0.06-0.53%). There was significant difference between the prevalence of HTLV-1 and the dwelling place. (p=002). HTLV-1 seroepidemiology was in the highest rate in 31-40 year old group (0.7%). Conclusion: This study shows that HTLV-1 is prevalent in Golestan province, the same as the other parts of the world. Therefore, we recommend performing screening test (HTLV-) on donated blood components before delivering (OK labeling). Key words: HTLV-1, Seroepidemiology, ELISA, Western Blot, Golestan province, ATL (Acute T lymphocytic Leukemia)
S Noorbakhsh,, M Farhadi, A Tabatabaei, M Ghafari,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (10-2008)
Abstract

Abstract Background and objectives: Paranasal sinuses are the common place for infection in children and adults. Early and effective antibiotic treatment is necessary to reduce the infection period and mucosal injuries, and to prevent from the Involvements of orbit or CNS. This article aims to clarify the Serum immunoglobulins accompanying by Sinusitis in Children. Material and Methods: the Subjects of this Cross-Sectional study were 400 patients with paranasal sinusitis confirmed by imaging techniques. The study was conducted in infectious and ENT Clinics of Rasoul Akram hospital in 2003-2004. We measured the Levels of serum immoglobulins including IgG, IgM, IgA and IgE by standard radio-immunodiffusion test, and Compared with normal range of each age group. The data was analyzed by SPSS software (11.5) Results: The Subjects aged 4.42±2.62 are both male (70.7%) and female (29.3%). Maxilla is the most Common Sinus involved. Thirty-eight of them (95%) have increased IgG Level. Forty-four percent of children suffered from rhinosinusitis have been diagnosed with Immune-humoral disorders: the increase of IgE (N=9), Lack of IgA (N=3), decrease of Isolated IgG (N=2), decrease of both IgG and IgA (N=1) and Hyper IgM syndrome (N=3). There is Significant Correlation between different Immunoglobulins and duration of Sinusitis (P<0.05). Conclusion: The results of this study show that an increase of IgE is one of the most Common disorders in children suffering from Sinusitis and the incidence of immunity disorders is higher than the expected rate. Thus, we recommend the Immunologic assessment for Children Contracting with Sinusitis, esp. for protracted one. Key words: Rhinosinusitis, Hypogamma Globulinemia, Resistant Rhinosinusitis, Serum Immunoglobulins
F Sedighian, A Sanee, H Alaouddoulee, M Arshi, Kh Rekabpoor,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (10-2008)
Abstract

Abstract Background and objectives: Resistance to antimicrobial agent is a world-wide problem and the existed reports are not the same. Aware of antibiotic resistant pattern of microorganisms in each hospital is important for controlling the nosocomial infections. This study was designed to determine the resistant pattern of microorganisms isolated in Yahya nejad hospital, Babol, north of Iran. Material and Methods: In this descriptive study, organisms were isolated during 2006 from urine, blood, endotracheal tube, abscess, fluids (ascites, pleura, and synovia), wound, discharges and bonemarrow of both outpatients and inpatients in our hospital were studied. Their antibiotics resistances were evaluated by Kirby Bauer method. Results: of 3114 culture specimens of admitted patients (female 1732, male 1382), 325 (10.4%) microorganisms were isolated. They were isolated from urine 162(49.8%), blood 115(35.4%), abscess 11(3.4%), wound, 10(3.1%) and discharge10 (3.1%). The most common microorganisms were Escherichia coli 107(33%) and Staphylococcus epidermidis 69(21.3%). Maximum resistance of E.coli is related to tetracycline (83.9%) and ampicillin (75%) and maximum resistance of S.epidermidis to oxacillin (89.2%) and penicillin (82.1%). Conclusion: With regard to high antibiotic resistance (>70%) in this study, it seems that the early beginning and inappropriate dosage of antimicrobial agents may be associated with developing antibiotic resistance. Hence, it is highly recommended to prohibit the unnecessary prescription of antibiotics Key words: Antibiotic resistance, microorganisms, Blood culture, E.coli
A Ghazavi, M Khaki, N Mosakhani,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (4-2009)
Abstract

Abstract Background and objectives: Since Rubella is an infectious disease with a few clinical symptoms, it is hardly diagnosed. Especially in the first trimester of pregnancy, congenital rubella is one of the major causes of neonatal mortality and permanent disablement in children. The aim of this study was to determine the sero immunity Level of The single Female student's after national rubella vaccination program in Iran. Material and Methods: This descriptive seroepidemiologic study was conducted on 129 single medical students. After taking written consent form, blood Sample was drawn. The anti-rubella IgG titer was evaluated using ELISA method. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS (version10). Results: All Subjects had protective titer of anti-rubella antibodies. One hundred and eighteen students (91.5%) were immunized by taking rubella vaccine in the national vaccination program and only 11(8.5%) students reported that they suffered from natural rubella infection in the past. Conclusion: Based on the results of our study, vaccination against rubella in national vaccination program along with natural immunity caused by natural rubella infection in children could produce a protective immunity against rubella. Key words: Rubella, ELISA, vaccination, medical students
R Golsha, Hr Bazrafshan, V Kazemi Nejad, Mr Rabie,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (4-2009)
Abstract

Abstract Background and objectives: In diabetic patients, infectious disease is one of the most important cause of admission, and sometimes a life threatening condition. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical features of infection in the hospitalized diabetic patients. Material and Methods: In This retrospective study, we evaluated the files of 122 diabetic patients aged over 20 years in 2004-2005. According to medical document coding, the data was collected by a checklist and then descriptive statistical analysis performed. Results: The subjects’ age is 57+11.76 years (23-83). The Mean time of diabetes diagnosis is 12.62+9.27 years. Sixty-six of them are male (54.5%).and the rest female. most of them (62.2%) were used oral hypoglycemic drugs on admission. Their median fasting blood sugar was 224mg/dl and 164mg/dl for the first and second measuring, respectively. The etiologies are soft tissue infection and diabetic foot ( 49.3%), sepsis(36%),pneumonia(5.7%),urinary infection(3.2%) and unknown(5.7%). None of diabetic foot patients was given specific education for taking care of their feet. Conclusion: in sixty -five percent of the subjects, fasting blood sugar was not in normal limit. Soft tissue infection and diabetic foot was the most infectious cause of admission. It seems that frequent control of blood sugar and foot- care related education can prevent from the most common cause of hospital admission in these patients. Key words: Diabetes, Clinical manifestations, Infection
Ar Abdolahi, M Mehrazma,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (10-2009)
Abstract

Abstract Background and objectives: Nowadays, hematologic disorders are leading health problems in our country. This study attempts to help Public heath planners to do prevention measures and to get ready for doing emergency actions in future. Material and Methods: In this retrospective cross- sectional Study, we worked on all biopsy and aspiration of bone marrow cases (N=469) referred to Dansh pathobiology lab in Tehran, Iran (2007). The Smears were reevaluated by two pathologists. The data such as diagnosis, age, and gender were collected and reported. Results: The total number of annual cases are 469 people consisting of 262 male (55.9%) and 207 female (44.1%). The cases who are less than 15 (15.2%) mostly suffer from ALL-L2.The highest rate is related to 15- 50 year group who mostly have CML and AML .the patients who are more than 50 largely suffer from plasma cell myeloma and CLL . Conclusion: In view of the differences observed in the demographic characteristics of hematological disorder In Iran, we strongly recommend a large scale study to public health authorities providing the necessary planning for preventive measures. Key words: Hematologic disorder, epidemiology, prevalence.
A Mardani,, L Babakhan, F Abedi Astaneh, M Rafiei, H Mardani,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (10-2009)
Abstract

Abstract Background and objectives: Hydatid cyst is one of the most important zoonotic parasitic diseases produced by means of Larva stage of Echinococcus granulosus. Since this Hydatid cyst is a widespread disease in many regions of the world and Iran, we decided to study the epidemiological situation of patients infected with hydatid cyst who were operated in hospitals of Qom, Iran (2004-2007). Material and Methods: In this Cross-sectional retrospective study, we surveyed the Medical records of 19 patients infected with hydatid cyst, who were operated in hospitals of Qom (2004-2007). Patients’ demographic data including gender, age, career, dwelling place, number of cysts and the infected organ were collected and analyzed by SPSS software. Results: of the 19 patients, 12 cases (63.2%) are female and seven cases (36.8%) male. The highest rate of infection is related to 21-30 year group (31.65%) homemakers (52.7%) and urban (89.5%). The results show that the organs involved are liver (73.7%) and lung (26.3%). All patients infected with pulmonary hydatid cyst are male. Conclusion: Since 63.2 percent of infected people are female and homemaker, having contact with vegetables contaminated with parasite ova is the most important way of infection transmission. Key words: Hydatid cyst, Epidemiology, Surgery, Iran
H Dolatkhah, Mh Somi, R Estakhri, N Dolatkhah, A Mirza-Aghazadeh, M Nourazarian, B Pourasghari, E Fattahi,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (4-2010)
Abstract

Spring summer 2010, Vol.4, No.1 /74 Medical Laboratory Journal Severity of Oxidative DNA Damage in Gastric Tissue of Smoker and Non-smoker Patients with Dyspepsia Abstract Background and Objectives: Cigarette smoking is associated with an increase in risk of peptic ulcer and Gastro-Intestinal cancer. Toxic materials in smoke and tar have a significant role in production of carcinogenic complexes, injury to DNA and cellular proliferation in gastric cancer. The study was designed to compare the rate of injury to DNA in gastric tissue of smoker and non-smoker patients with active peptic ulcer. Material and Methods: In this Case-Control study, the case group composed of 43 smoker patients aged 45.30±13.16 with active peptic ulcer (14 female & 29 male) referred to gastroenterology clinic. The first control group consisted of 43 non-smokers without peptic ulcer (13 female & 30 male) with mean age of 42.67±16.04, and the second control group included 43 smokers without peptic ulcer (16 female & 27 male) with mean age of 44.58±12.07, and the third ones had 43 non-smoker patients with active peptic ulcer (20 female & 23 male) with mean age of 45.37±13.39. The rate of gastric mucosa DNA damage in the four groups was measured by calorimetrically method. Results: The DNA damage in gastric mucosa of smoker patients with active peptic ulcer(28.05±5.54 AP/100000bp) is higher than those of the three control groups (p<0.0001 in all case). Conclusion: Results of this study approve the direct relation between increase in DNA damage and toxic complexes existing in smoke and tar of cigarette. Key Words:Cigarette Smoking, DNA Damage, Active Peptic Ulcer Dolatkhah H Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Somi MH Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Fattahi E Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Estakhri R Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Dolatkhah N Talegani Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Mirza-Aghazadeh A Dept. of Basic Sciences, Paramedical Faculty , Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Nourazarian,M Clinical Laboratory of Emam Reza Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Pourasghari B Clinical Laboratory of Emam Reza Hospital,Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Corresponding: Dolatkhah, H E-mail: dolatkhahh@gmail.com
A Mardani, F Feizi, I Moubedi, A Khosh Nezhad, H Mardani,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (4-2010)
Abstract

Abstract Background and objectives: some parasites especially Enterobius vermicularis and helminthes are the leading factor causing appendicitis. We did this study to determine the prevalence of infection with Enterobius vermicularis among excised appendices in Necoii hospital of Qom, Iran (2005-2006). Material and Methods: In this Cross-sectional Retrospective study, we referred to pathology district archive of Necoii hospital of Qom to collect the demographic data of 3420 appendectomy patients including gender, age and infection to Enterobius vermicularis. These patients had been undertaken appendectomy from March 2005 to March 2006. After confirm of infection, all patients demographic data and histopathological results were analyzed by using Chi-square test in SPSS version 11.5 software. Results: of 3420 appendices, 17 cases (0.5%) are infected with Enterobius Vermicularis. Thirteen of them (76.5%) are female and four (23.5%) male. also 15 of infected appendices (88.2%) don’t show any pathological changes and two cases (11.8%) have appendicitis. The highest infection rate is observed in 6-10 (41.1%) and 11-15 (35.3%) age groups. Conclusion: The results show that Enterobius vermicularis does not play a role in causing appendicitis, and its presence in excised appendix can not be a good reason for being the cause of appendicitis. Key words: Appendicitis, Enterobius vermicularis, Qom, Iran
H Rafieemehr,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (10-2010)
Abstract

Abstract Bachground and objectives: Higher than needed blood orders not only adversely affect blood quality but also impose extra expenses on treatment center and patients. We aimed at determining the frequency of packed red blood cell transfusion in Besat hospital of Hamadan in 2009-2010. Material and Methods: This was a descriptive study on 926 blood order forms in Besat hospital. The data were collected using forms, in Hamedan teaching hospital (Besat) from March 2009 to March 2010.The amount of blood order, blood consumption, crossmatch /transfusion ratio(C/T) and transfusion index (TI) in different wards of hospital. Results: Out of 926 patients aged averagely 28 years, 37%were females and 63% are males. The overall ratio of C/T and TI are 2.44 and 0/63, respectively which are considered to be optimal in comparison with the standard figures of C/T<2.5 and TI≥0.5.The results show that the highest C/T is in surgery ward and the lowest in burn ward, but the highest TI is related to Hematology ward and the lowest to urology ward. Conclusion: Packed cell consumption, C/T Ratio and TI in Besat hospitals is normal but not ideal. It seems that absence of hospital blood transfusion committees and lack of active contribution of physicians, are the major obstacles in reforming blood utilization. Key words: Packed cell, Crossmatch, Transfusion Index
M Rahbani-Nobar, Mh Somi, A Fattahi, N Dolatkhah, M Nourazarian, S J Seyedi-Khoshknab, B Pourasghari, H Dolatkhah,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (10-2010)
Abstract

Abstract Bachground and objectives: Epidemiological studies have shown that using tobacco products is one of the main factors in forming malignancies in various tissues of the body. There is more than 600 μgr nitric oxide radical (NO°) in gas phase in each cigarette with fresh smoke. Hence, oxidation of nitrogen components in tobacco, more than 100 μgr of atmospheric NO°is produced by smoking, would be transferred to the body without any filtration. We studied nitric oxide levels in the gastric juice of smokers and non-smokers patients with active peptic ulcer. Material and Methods: In this study, 43 smoker patients with active peptic ulcer (14 female & 29 male) referred to gastroenterology clinic with mean age of 45.30±13.16 as case group.Forthy-three non-smokers without peptic ulcer (13 female & 30 male) aged 42.67±16.04, 43 smoker without peptic ulcer (16 female & 27 male) with mean age of 44.58±12.07 and 43 non-smoker with active peptic ulcer (20 female & 23 male) with mean age of 45.37±13.39 were selected as control groups of 1, 2 and 3 ,respectively. The level of Nitric oxide in gastric juice was measured by using Greiss colorimetric method. Results: Comparing with control group one and two, meaningful rise is noticed in mean level of nitric oxide case group (p<0.0001). Mean levels of NO in control group 1, 3 and case group are 4.21±1.13, 5.37±2.26, 7.90±2.12 μmol/L, respectively. Nitric oxide level in case group in comparison with control group 2 dose not show Significant difference (p=0.656). Mean levels of NO in control 2 and case groups are 7.45±1.54 and 7.90±2.12 μmol/L, respectively. Conclusion: It can be concluded that cigarette smoking may be one of the cause of increased level of gastric juice nitric oxide. This increase may be due to component in cigarette smoke and tar. These components can cause DNA damage through oxidation-reduction cycle and consequently increase the risk of malignancies in gastric tissues. Key words: Cigarette Smoking, Nitric Oxide, Nitrosative Stress, Active Peptic Ulcer
Nazari, H, Habibeh Najar, H, Emadi, A, Abasi, Y, Salehiyan, A, Monem, M, Ghods, F, Mohammadi, A., Khaleghian, A,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (10-2011)
Abstract

Abstract Background and objectives: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is an enzyme in the pentose phosphate pathway. G6PD deficiency (an X-linked recessive hereditary disease) is an inherited condition affecting approximately 3% of the people globally. This deficiency can cause hemolytic anemia and jaundice in neonates. The goal of this study is to detect the prevalence of G6PD deficiency in neonates referred to Semnan province screening lab Material and Methods: This cross sectional study, from 2007 to 2010, was conducted on the basis of country planned program and in line with neonatal screening tests. Blood samples were taken from the heels of 3-5 day neonates. Assessment of G6PD was done by rapid fluorescent spot test. The Prevalence of G6PD deficiency in boys and girls was compared by chi square (p<0.05(test. Results: Of 9353 newborns referred to semnan province screening Lab., 4820(51.53%) are males and 4533(48.47%) females. Three hundred (3.2%) of them suffer from G6PD deficiency. Of these, 263 (5.45%) are males and 37 (0.81%) females. The ratio of male to female is 7 to 1. Conclusion: The prevalence of G6PD deficiency is detected 3.2% in Semnan province and its frequency in boys is more than that of girls, which is expected. Key words: Glucose -6-phosphate dehydrogenase, Neonatal screening, Fauvism
Abbasi A (md), Tajbakhsh R (md), Kabotari M, Zhand S (msc), Tabarraei A (phd), ,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (4-2012)
Abstract

Abstract Background and objectives: Hepatitis B virus infection is a major health problem in worldwide. The prevalence of Occult and chronic HBV in hemodialysis patients is higher than standard in developing countries. People with occult HBV are negative for HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) but positive for HBV-DNA. We aimed to evaluate occult hepatitis B infection in patients under hemodialysis in Panje-Azar hospital in Gorgan. Material and Methods: In this study, taken place from 2009 to 2010, the participants were 100 hemodialysis patients with administration of complete HBV vaccination with negative test for HBsAg. After preparing 10 milliliter blood sample, HBV DNA testing was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Result: The mean age of the patients is 54.60 years. They are male (48%) and female (52%). They have been under hemodialysis for 48 months, averagely. There has not been any HBV-DNA in HBsAg negative patients under hemodialysis. The rate of occult hepatitis B infection in these end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients was zero. Conclusion: Results indicate that there is no any occult HBV infection in ESRD patients under hemodialysis in Gorgan, which is similar to some studies. The results could be justified by complete vaccination of the patients. Key words: Occult Hepatitis B, Hemodialysis, HBsAg, Gorgan
A Choupani, Z Rostami, Aa, A Abdullahi,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (4-2013)
Abstract

Abstract Background and Objective: Helicobacterpylorus is the major cause ofinflammation andulcer instomach, and immunoglobulin IgG is one of the antibodies produced against it, which is important in the course and diagnosis of the previoussufferers. The awareness of the prevalence of this disease can be helpful for the physicians to choose the way of treatment. Material and Methods: In these cross-sectional study, 516patients referred to laboratory was studied. After separating the serum, Antibody Helicobacter pylori IgGtest wasdone by ELISA method. Results: of 516, 156 (30.2 %) of the patients have a positive result, 51(32.7%) are males and 105 (67.3 %) are females. Positive percent of males (43.5%) is greater than females (26.5%).Over-45-year-old women (9.8 %) have the highest percentage of disease titers. Conclusion: The percent of positive cases in men is more than that the women. Over-45-year-old women (9.8 %) have the highest percentage of positive case. Keywords: Helicobacter pylori IgG, Tehran, ELISA
M Kosaryan, Mr, A Aliasgharian, M Mousavi, P Roshan,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (10-2013)
Abstract

Abstract Background and Objective: Diabetes mellitus is one of complications that thalassemia major patients face with. Hence, blood glucose monitoring is of vital importance to these patients. Because of high level of fetal hemoglobin in these patients, the measurement of hemoglobin A1c is not reliable and should be displaced by fructosamine test. Material and Methods: The current descriptive study was carried out on 33 beta-thalassemia major patients afflicted with diabetes mellitus (21 female and 12 male cases). Blood glucose level, fructosamine, hemoglobin A1c, serum ferritin and fetal hemoglobin were measured. Results: Blood glucose levels are 204±103 mg/dL and 221±101 mg/dL (p=0.63) fetal hemoglobin levels are 9%±7% and 13%±9% (p=0.22) serum ferritin levels are 1744±1534 ng/mL and 3253±1773 ng/mL (p=0.96) in female and male patients, respectively. The level of fructosamine (42±124 mmol/L) and glycosylated hemoglobin (8.9%±1.8%) are correlated significantly (r=0.69, p<0.01). Both Hemoglobin A1c (r=0.75, p<0.01) and fructosamine (r=0.54, p<0/01) show a significant correlation with blood glucose level. Conclusion: In diabetic thalassemia major patients with frequent blood transfusion, the level of fructosamine and glycosylated hemoglobin are related significantly, therefore they can be used alternatively. Keywords: Thalassemia major Fructosamine Hemoglobin A1c Diabetes Mellitus
F Sadighian, Z Abedian, A Saane-Ei, Z Mirkarimi,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (10-2013)
Abstract

Abstract Background and Objective: Nowadays, nosocomial infection is one of the greatest problems in hospitals. Normal flora of staff’s hands and the bacterial agents on the surface of medical equipment can become progressively colonized with potential pathogens during patient care. This study was carried out to determine the bacterial agents existed on staff’s hands and in the wards of hospital to step in to control nosocomial infection. Material and Methods: In this descriptive study, during 17 months (22.mar.2010- 30.aug.2011), 403 samples, using sterile swab , were randomly obtained from the staff’s hands and medical equipment of emergency departments , ICU, male operation room and female surgical unit . The samples were cultured on Blood agar (BA) and Eosin methylene blue (EMB). Then, identification of isolated bacteria was done with diagnostic tests. Results: Of 430 samples, 530 bacteria were isolated from staff’s hands (N= 291) and medical equipment (N= 234). The most common bacterium from personnel’s hands (144 49.5%) and medical equipment (24 10%) is Staphylococcus aureus. Also, three isolates of pseudomonas aeruginosa from staff’s hands of male surgical ward and medical equipment of ICU, and two isolates of Acinetobacter.spp from ICU’s medical equipment were identified. Conclusion: With regard to the findings, it seems that applying the appropriate disinfectant agents by using standard procedures is necessary. Keywords: Medical Equipment Staff’s Hand Nosocomial Infection Staphylococcus Aureus
Z Gharibi, F Daadras, M Maghsood, M Fallah,, M Saeedijam,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (1-2014)
Abstract

Abstract Background and Objective: Microsporidia is an obligatory intracellular parasite known as an opportunistic infection in immunocompromised patients. Its laboratory diagnosis is relatively difficult and modified trichrome staining is a standard diagnostic method for detection of Microsporidia. The aim of present study was to identify intestinal Microsporidia in kidney- transplanted patients, using modified Trichrome Staining and Calcofluor White Methods. Material and Methods: In 2012, 180 stool specimens were taken from kidney transplanted- patients given immunosuppressive drugs in Hamadan, Iran. To identify Microsporidia we use modified Trichrome Staining and Calcofluor White Methods. Results: The mean duration of kidney transplant and immunosuppressive drug using was 5.5 Years. Only one female patient was positive for Microsporidia. Conclusions: Owing to low frequency of this opportunistic infection among kidney transplanted patients, we can conclude that their hygienic conditions are good enough and they are not exposed with the parasites. Key words:Microsporidia, Modified Trichrome Staining,Kidney Transplant, Calcofluor White, Hamadan
H Tavilani, R Setarehbadi, A Fattahi, Sh Nasrollahi, J Karimi, G Shafiee, M Hosseinipanah,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (1-2014)
Abstract

Abstract Background and objective: There is increasing evidence for the role of oxidative stress in female reproductive tract. The purpose of this study was to determine the activity of antioxidant enzymes during menstrual cycle. In addition, the relationship between activity of antioxidant enzyme and sex hormones was evaluated. Materials and methods: In this study the activity of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, catalase and total antioxidant capacity during the menses, follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle in twenty women with regular menstrual cycle were studied. Furthermore, the correlation between activity of antioxidant enzymes and estradiol, progesterone, LH, FSH and testosterone were evaluated. Results: There was no significant difference between activity of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, catalase and total antioxidant capacity during the menses, follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle (P>0.05). We found significant correlation, in luteal phase, between superoxide dismutase and FSH (P<0.05، r=0.44) and LH P<0.05،r=0.54). Also it is observed between LH and glutathione peroxidase (P<0.05، r=0.44). Conclusion: Based on the results, there is no significant difference between antioxidant enzymes and total antioxidant capacity of plasma during menstrual cycle. In other words, physiologic system of women with regular menstrual cycle can protect body against oxidative stress and this is probably performed due to action of FSH and LH hormones. Keywords: Antioxidants Menstrual cycle Sex hormones

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