Volume 12, Issue 1 (Jan-Feb 2018)                   mljgoums 2018, 12(1): 37-43 | Back to browse issues page


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Bijeh N, Askari A, Ramezani S, Askari B. Effect of Eight Weeks of Aerobic Exercise on Iron Status and Coagulation and Immune Indices in Non-Athlete Females. mljgoums. 2018; 12 (1) :37-43
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/mljgoums/article-1-1046-en.html
1- PhD Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran , bijeh@ferdowsi.um.ac.ir
2- PhD Candidate Department of Physical Education, Gorgan Branch , Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran, Department of Physical Education, Gorgan Branch , Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran
3- MSc Faculty Member of Physical Education & Sport Science, Payame Noor University, Iran, Faculty Member of Physical Education & Sport Science, Payame Noor University, Iran
4- PhD Candidate Department of Physical Education, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran, Department of Physical Education, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran
Abstract:   (1640 Views)
 
Background and objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of aerobic exercise on serum iron, serum ferritin, platelet count, mean platelet volume, and some immunity indices in non-athlete females.
  • In this study, 30 non-athlete females aged 30-45 years were randomly divided into an experimental and a control group. The experimental group was subjected to perform aerobic exercise at 60-70% of maximal heart rate for eight weeks, three sessions per week and one hour per session. Blood parameters were measured before the exercise program and after the completion of program by taking 2 ml blood samples from the venous vein of the participants in the sitting position. Finally, t-test was used to compare the pre-test and post-test means of each group and independent t-test was used to compare the two groups at significance of 0.05.
  • : After eight weeks of aerobic exercise, there was a significant increase in mean platelet volume and a significant decrease in serum iron and ferritin levels in the experimental group (P <0.05). There was a slight decrease in the number of platelets, white blood cells, granulocytes, monocytes and lymphocytes (P<0.05).
            Conclusion: We recommend physical education instructors, athletes and non-athletes to consider iron supplementation during aerobic exercise, and modify appropriate training intensity based on the fitness and age of trainees to prevent risk of anemia.
            KEYWORDS: Aerobic exercise, platelet, iron, ferritin, white blood cell.
 
Full-Text [PDF 586 kb]   (207 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Paper | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/02/24 | Accepted: 2018/02/24 | Published: 2018/02/24

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