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Aida Babazadeh Naseri , Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal,
Volume 21, Issue 1 (3-2019)
Background and Objective: Listeria monocytogenes is an important food-borne intracellular pathogen which can transmit to human through contaminated foods and causing meningitis, meningoencephalitis and abortion. This study was done to determine the frequency, antimicrobial susceptibility and serotyping of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from food samples in Tehran, Iran.
Methods: This descriptive was carried on 150 food samples including vegetables, cheese and meat were collected from supermarkets, open-air markets, and delicatessens in different regions of Tehran, Iran since April to September 2018. The presumptive isolates were characterized biochemically. All L. monocytogenes isolates were further analyzed by serotyping and antimicrobial susceptibility tests.
Results: Out of 150 samples, Listeria spp. was detected in 30 (20%) samples in which 9 (6%) were positive for L. monocytogenes [vegetables (n=4, 44.44%), cheese (n=2, 22.22%) and meat (n=3, 33.33%)]. of the 9 L. monocytogenes isolates, 5 (55.55 %), 3 (33.33 %), and 1 (11.11%) belonged to serotypes 4b, 1/2b, and 1/2a, respectively. The most L. monocytogenes isolates were resistant to Trimetoprime, Sulfamethoxazole, Tetracycline, Streptomycin, Chloramphenicol, and Ciprofloxacin while were sensitive to Penicillin G, Gentamicin, Streptomycin, and Ampicillin, and were intermediately resistant to Ciprofloxacin.
Conclusion: The rate of Contamination of vegetable, cheese and meat samples with L. monocytogenes is important in Tehran, Iran. Due to the potential contamination samples to Listeria, there is necessity need for continuous monitoring and the development of a precise program for identifying this bacterium in Tehran and the whole country.
Abolfazl Sirdani , Zahra Rajabi , Fatemeh Fardsanei , Saeid Vahedi , Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal ,
Volume 21, Issue 4 (1-2020)
Background and Objective: Salmonellosis is a gastroentritidis which caused by the different serovars of Salmonella genus, and responsible for morbidity and mortality worldwide. Food born disease is one of the growing problems of human societies especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate and serogroup determination of Salmonella isolates from food along with antibiotic resistance pattern.
Methods: This descriptive study was performed on total of 400 in equal of 200 packed and 200 unpacked samples of (red meat, chicken meat, egg, vegetable) collected in random from distributed in Tehran ,Iran during nine months in 2018. Microbial, biochemical and serological test was performed according to protocol number of 1800 of national standard. Antimicrobial susceptibility test was done by disk diffusion (MAST, Co, UK) method.
Results: Out of 400 samples 8 (2%) was identified as Salmonella. The unpacked foods were more contaminated (75%) compared to packed foods (25%). The most isolated serogrouping were belonging to especially D. Salmonella. The chicken samples were more contaminated (37.5%) than other samples. The isolated Salmonella were mostly resistance to nalidixic acid (75%).
Conclusion: The Salmonella isolated particularly from group 1 showed higher antimicrobial resistance, additional care should be taken in preparation, packaging and supplying the food samples.