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Showing 2 results for Mtor

Morteza Sangdevini , Ziya Fallah Mohammadi , Morteza Oladnabi ,
Volume 22, Issue 1 (3-2020)

Background and Objective: Exercise-induced muscle hypertrophy occurs through increased rate of muscle protein synthesis that is regulated via molecular signaling pathways. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is believed to play a major role, via phosphorylation of the ribosomal protein S6 kinase of 70 kDa (p70S6K). Results concerning the effect of concurrent training on these factors have been contradictory. This study was done to determine the effect of 8 weeks of resistance training and concurrent resistance and aerobic training on phospho-mTOR (p-mTOR) and phospho-p70S6K (p-p70S6K) responses in skeletal muscle in rats.
Methods: In this experimental study, 24 wistar rats (age: 8 weeks) were randomly allocated into resistance training (n=8), concurrent training (n=8), and control (n=8) groups in equal laboratorial condition. Resistance group performed 5 sessions per week consisted of 10 repetitions ladder climbing with load suspended from the tail between 30-80% individual maximum overload test that was weekly performed to adjust the individual load throughout the week. The concurrent group performed resistance training followed by 5 minutes rest and endurance training consisted of treadmills run, that speed and duration of running gradually increased during training period, from 9 m/min and 10 minutes in the first week to 30 m/min and 60 minutes in the last week. The flexor hallucis longus (FHL) muscle of rats were removed under sterile condition at 24 hours after the last session of training and the proteins levels of p-mTOR and p-p70S6K were measured by ELISA method.
Results: The level of p-mTOR was significantly greater in resistance training and concurrent training groups in compared to control group. No significant difference was observed between training groups. However, the significant increase of p-p70S6K was observed only in resistance group in compared to control group.
Conclusion: Because of the increased of p-mTOR in concurrent group was not accompanied by increase of p-p70S6K compared with resistance group, thus concurrent training probably attenuate signaling responses of downstream targets of mTOR.

Nasrin Alborzian Juneqani, Mohammad Fathi , Rahim Mirnasouri ,
Volume 25, Issue 1 (3-2023)

Background and Objective: Understanding the cellular signaling mechanisms involved in muscle hypertrophy is considered a scientific challenge. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is one of the regulatory factors in this process that increases protein synthesis in skeletal muscle through phosphorylation. This study aimed to determine the effect of six weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on phosphorylated mTOR protein in the quadriceps muscles of adult male Wistar rats.
Methods: In this experimental study, 16 adult male Wistar rats (six weeks old and weighing an average of 190.93±4.97g) were used. The animals were randomly divided into two groups of control and training (n=8). The training group underwent six weeks of HIIT on a treadmill, with five sessions per week. The load was increased during the six weeks from repeating the interval of 30 meters per minute for 30 seconds in the first sessions to eleven repetitions of the interval of 35 meters per minute for 30 seconds at the end of the sixth week, with rest intervals between the intervals at a speed of 13 meters per minute for 60 seconds. The control group did not undergo any training. The mice were anesthetized, and the Vastus lateralis of the quadriceps muscle was extracted. The level of phosphorylated mTOR protein in the quadriceps muscle was measured using the immunohistochemical method.
Results: HIIT significantly increased the levels of mTOR phosphorylation protein in male Wistar quadriceps femoris muscle compared to the control group (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Interval activity can have a positive effect on muscle hypertrophy through mTOR.

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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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