[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Editorial Board::
Executive Members::
Articles Archive::
Instruction to Authors::
Peer-Review::
Contact Us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Search published articles ::
Showing 6 results for Mothers

Khoori E (msc), Vakili Ma (msc), Golalipour Mj (phd),
Volume 1, Issue 3 (10-1999)
Abstract

Low birth weight (LBW) is the main known determinant mortality in under 1 year old children particularly in neonates. The aim of this research is to study the rate of LBW and evaluation of some effective factors in LBW, such as: Difference races, residential conditions, maternal age, parity. This research is analytic-descriptive and cross-sectional study. The study population consists of 2183 newborns that are given birth in Dezyani Hospital during 1996. These samples were chosen by systemic randomized technic (3:1). Information was gathered by a questionnaire. The findings show that LBW rate was 6.3% in population under study, which in male and female newborns were 5.7% and 6.9% respectively. The LBW rates in newborns with mothers age?18 years old and those with ?35 years were 1.8% and 1.4% folds higher than LBW rates for newborns with mothers age 19-35 years. The LBW percentage for primiparous women were 1.9 folds to multiparous who had 2-4 deliveries. LBW rates for newborns with Systanie race were approximately 1.8 folds higher than newborns with Torkman ethnic. The results of this study indicate factors such as: Maternal age, race, parity, affect on LBW rates.
Yousef Yahyapour (phd), Mohammad Karimi (md), Nooshin Khayyer (md), Ali Hashemzade-Omran (msc), Seyyed Mohammad Jazayeri (phd), Zahra Saadatmand (bsc), Mahmoud Mahmoudi (phd),
Volume 11, Issue 1 (3-2009)
Abstract

Background and Objective: One of the most important routes of hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission is from asymptomatic carrier mothers to their infants. It has been concluded that over 50% of Iranian carriers have contracted the infection perinatally, making this the most likely route of transmission of HBV in our country. In this study, we assessed the rate of HBV infection in children were born to HBsAg positive mothers that received hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) and the first dose of vaccine at birth and the second and third of doses of vaccine at 1 and 6 months of age, respectively. Materials and Methods: In this descreptive study, 123 infants born from HBsAg positive mothers assessed and serum sample of these subjects were tested by ELISA technique for detection of HBsAg, Anti-HBs and Anti-HBc markers. Data were then analyzed by the chi-square and fisher exact tests. Results: From 31241 pregnant women with delivery during this 5-years study about 140 (0.45%) of them were HBsAg positive. Children born to these mothers follow-up and 123 serum samples of them tested for serologic markers of HBV infection. HBsAg was found in 0.8% of the children and 91.9% had one or more serologic markers of HBV infection. Protective rate (Anti-HBs positive) and Anti-HBc positive were 82.1% and 8.9% respectively. Conclusion: This study showed that after having focuced on the vertical transmission route for many years, and implementing strategies such as vaccination and HBIG injection to neonates of HBsAg positive mothers, nowadays it seems that we should pay attention to horizontal route of HBV transmission in this area.
Mahla Mansouri , Afsaneh Khajvand Khoshali , Mohammad Sobhani Shahmirzadi ,
Volume 24, Issue 4 (12-2022)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Elimination disorders such as nocturnal enuresis, urinary incontinence during the day, and fecal incontinence are common problems in childhood. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of training mothers with the Adler-Dreikurs approach for reducing anxiety in children with elimination disorders.
Methods: This field trial was done in 2021 on the mothers of 20 children with elimination disorders who had been referred to the Pediatric Gastroenterology Clinic in Gorgan with a pretest, posttest, and follow-up approach. At the physician's discretion, the children's problem had no anatomical origin. Urinary incontinence and fecal incontinence in children were identified only by psychological symptoms and functional elimination disorders. The mothers were divided into an experimental group (n=10) and a control group (n=10). The experimental group received the Adler-Dreikurs training program in 12 sessions of 90 minutes. The research instrument was the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale – Parent (SCAS-P) (2001), which was completed by the mothers in three stages: pretest, posttest, and 2-month follow-up. Sub-components of anxiety including generalized anxiety, social phobia, obsessive-compulsive, specific phobia, and separation anxiety were also measured.
Results: Mean general anxiety scores in the pretest, posttest, and follow-up stages were 69.1±4.04, 45.8±6.1, and 47.8±5.94 in the experimental group and 69±6.58, 67.8±4.89, and 67.6±5.59 in the control group, respectively. There was a significant difference in all subcomponents of child anxiety in the posttest and follow-up stages between the experimental group and the control group (P<0.05). This difference was also present during the follow-up period except for the obsessive-compulsive subcomponent.
Conclusion: Training mothers through the Adler-Dreikurs approach can reduce anxiety in children with elimination disorders.

 
Mahsima Banaei Heravan ,
Volume 25, Issue 1 (3-2023)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Vaginal delivery is a natural physiological process that can be a critical experience for women. One of the factors involved in avoiding vaginal delivery is childbirth self-efficacy. Self-efficacy affects all aspects of behavior and emotional activities, including attachment. This study aimed to determine the relationship between childbirth self-efficacy and maternal attachment to the fetus in nulliparous pregnant women.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 323 nulliparous pregnant women who attended health centers in Zahedan city from 2020-2021. Data were collected using participants’ demographic questionnaire, Lowe’s childbirth self-efficacy questionnaire, and Cranely’s maternal attachment to the fetus questionnaire.
Results: Maternal attachment style to the fetus showed a significant direct correlation with childbirth self-efficacy. Maternal attachment style to the fetus predicted childbirth self-efficacy (P=0.003, r=0.16), explaining 2.7% of the variance of childbirth self-efficacy.
Conclusion: The results suggest that helping mothers accept their motherly role and improving maternal attachment to the fetus can increase childbirth self-efficacy. Educational programs during pregnancy should include training related to strengthening maternal attachment to the fetus. As women with high childbirth self-efficacy have a greater ability to perform vaginal delivery, it may increase their desire for vaginal delivery.
 

Sonayaz Hivehchi , Golbahar Akhoundzadeh ,
Volume 26, Issue 1 (3-2024)
Abstract

Background and Objective: The quality of life of mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is influenced by the problems of this disorder. Numerous interventions have been recommended for mothers with such children, including supportive interventions, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), negative mood management training, parent-child interaction, and family-oriented interventions. One of these interventions is quality of life therapy. The present study was conducted aiming to determine the impact of training quality of life therapy on mothers with ASD children.
Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 60 mothers of 6-13-year-old ASD children referring to the Ofogh Clinic in the city of Gonbad-e-Kavus, Golestan Province, during 2022-23. Mothers were selected by the convenience sampling method and were assigned to two 30-people control and intervention groups using the random number table. The psychotherapy training based on Frisch’s (2006) theory on the quality of life was implemented on mothers in the intervention group as a group in eight 90-minute sessions for two months. The World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF) was used to measure the mothers’ quality of life.
Results: The mean and standard deviation of the total quality of life score of mothers in the intervention group (76.15±8.85) had a statistically significant increase in the post-test compared to the control group (64.82±10.15) (P<0.05). Also, the mean and standard deviation of the quality of life of mothers in the intervention group showed a statistically significant increase in the post-test in the dimensions of physical health (65.12±6.24), psychological health (69.55±7.52), environmental health (60.66±16.8), and general health (78.33±10.9) compared to the control group (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The quality of life of mothers with autistic children was improved by receiving quality of life-based therapy.


Ay Naz Agh , Golbahar Akhoundzadeh ,
Volume 26, Issue 1 (3-2024)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Type 1 diabetes is considered one of the most common chronic diseases during childhood. Diagnosis and presence of chronic disease in the child create tension, worry, and problems for parents, particularly for the mother who is responsible for taking care of the child. The present study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of resilience training on the self-esteem of mothers of children with type 1 diabetes.
Methods: This clinical trial was carried out on 60 mothers of children with type 1 diabetes referring to diabetes clinics in the cities of Gonbad-e-Kavus and Gorgan, Golestan province, during 2022-23. Mothers were selected by the convenience sampling method and using a random number table and were assigned to two 30-people control and intervention groups. The resilience training program was implemented for the intervention group in 5-people groups for nine 90-minute sessions during 2 months. The data collection tool consisted of a demographic questionnaire and the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI) filled out in two pre-test and post-test phases. Scoring of poor, moderate, and strong self-esteem was carried out by obtaining scores of 26 and below, 27-43, and over 44.
Results: The mean and standard deviation of the overall self-esteem (22.73±3.26), social (7.32±0.79), occupational/social (7±1.46), and general self-esteem (44.73±5.03) dimensions had a statistically significant increase in the post-test in mothers of the intervention group compared to those in the control group (P<0.05). The mean and standard deviation of the self-esteem scores of mothers in the intervention group were evaluated as moderate at the onset of the study and strong at the post-test (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Resilience training culminated in increasing the self-esteem of mothers of children with type 1 diabetes.



Page 1 from 1     

مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.09 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652