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Showing 7 results for Gastric Cancer

Hr.joshaghani (ph.d), E.koochaki (ph.d), R.amini (ph.d), P.derakhshandeh (ph.d), A.ehsani (ph.d), M.shabani (ph.d), M.kadivar (m.d,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (9-2003)
Abstract

Background & Objective: Gastric cancer is the 2nd cause of cancer mortality after lung cancer. Approximately 12% of all cancer death are due to gastric cancer. Tumorgenesis is thought to be a multistep process involving a series of genetic changes in oncogenes and suppressor genes. The most common cancer-related genetic change known in human tumors is P53 mutation, particularly in gastric cancer. This study was done to determine P53 gene mutations in gastric cancer. Materials & Methods: This study was performed on 44 biopsy from patients with gastric cancer during 2002 in 3 hospitals in Tehran. For determination of P53 gene mutations was performed PCR-SSCP methods. Results: The patients group comprised 31 males and 13 females (Average age, 60.8 years Ranging from 34 to 84 years). 36 cases (81.8%) intestinal type, 5 cases (11.4%) were diffuse type and 3 cases no defined. 44 gastric cancers of gastric tissues were screened for the mutations of P53 gene mutations in exons 5-8 using the PCR-SSCP analysis. After polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, 9 patients (20.5%) showed an apparent electrophoretic mobility shift between the cancer and other normal samples. One mutation in exon 5 (11.1%), 2 were detected in exon 6 (22.2%), 3 were found in exon 7 (33.3%) and 3 were detected in exon 8 (33.3%). The mutation rate was 7 of 36 (21.2%) in intestinal type and 2 of (40%) in diffuse type. No significant correlation between P53 gene mutations and age and genus was found. Conclusion: This investigation showed the rate P53 gene mutation (20.5%) in gastric cancer in our society.
Shahryar Semnani (md), Sima Besharat (md), Abbas Ali Kashtkar (md, Phd), Ahmad Danesh (md, Phd Student), Nafiseh Abdolahi (md), Gholamreza Roshandel (md), Ahmad Hoseyni (md,mph), Mehdi Sedaghat (md, Mph),
Volume 10, Issue 3 (10-2008)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Esophageal and gastric cancers are among the most common and fatal cancers. These are diagnosed at the latest phase and the prognosis is too poor. Due to the importance and high incidence rate of the upper gastrointestinal cancers in Golestan province, this study was conducted to explore the overall survival rate of these patients in rural area of this region. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, a total of 121 pathologically confirmed esophageal or gastric cancers, with rural place of residence, were retrieved from the cancer registry at the health department in Gorgan. After conducting interview with patients or their relatives, analysis of their sociodemographic and clinicopathologic features was performed. The median survival rate was compared regarding age groups and gender using Kaplan-Meier statistical test. Results: Male to female ratio in esophageal and gastric group were 1.2 to 1 and 3.8 to 1, respectively. Short-term survival rates were 54.76% and 26.2% for esophageal cancer and 66.6% and 37.5% for gastric cancer. Collected information regarding patients’ sociodemographic and clinicophathologic factors did not have significant association with patients’ survival in both esophageal and gastric cancers. The mean survival rate in patient with gastric and esophageal cancers according to age and gender was not significant. Conclusion: This study showed that the overall short-term survival rates for upper gastrointestinal cancers are very low in Golestan province. Therefore the need for intervention the need and allocating more diagnosis and therapeutic resources for upper gastrointestinal cancers are required.
Mohammad Amin Pourhoseingholi (msc), Ebrahim Hajizadeh (phd), Alireza Abadi (phd), Azadeh Safaee (msc), Bijan Moghimi Dehkordi (msc), Mohammad Reza Zali (md),
Volume 11, Issue 2 (7-2009)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. Although its incidence is decreasing, it rarely is detected early, and the prognosis remains poor. The aim of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors in gastric cancer using log-normal regression model.

Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was done on 746 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma from February 2003 through January 2007. Gender, age at diagnosis, family history of cancer, tumor size and pathologic distant of metastasis were entered to a log-normal model. Relative risk (RR) was employed to interpret the risk of death.

Results: Results indicated that patients who were upper than 45 years at diagnosis had an increased risk for death (RR=1.01 95% CI, 1.01-1.03), followed by greater tumor size (RR=1.64, 95% CI, 1.07-2.25) and pathologic distant metastasis (RR=2.14, 95% CI, 1.60-2.86) and similar results in multivariate analysis for greater tumor size (RR=2.04, 95% CI, 1.23-3.33) and pathologic distant metastasis (RR=2.01, 95% CI, 1.13-3.56).

Conclusion: This study showed that the early detection of patients in younger and in primary stages and grade of tumor is important to decrease the risk of death in patients with gastric cancer and increase the survival rate.


Amini Sarteshnizi N , Teimori H, Zahri S, Mobini Dehkordi M , Khosravi S, Amini Sarteshnizi R,
Volume 16, Issue 4 (12-2014)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Chrysin is a natural and active biological component which is extracted from plants, honey and propolis. Chrysin has anti-inflammatory, anticancer and antioxidant propertis. This study was done to evaluate the effect of chrysin on AGS human gastric cancer cell line. Methods: In this descriptive - analytic study, chrysin was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and the cytotoxic effects of concentrations of 10, 15, 20, 30, 40 ,50, 60, 70, 80, and 100 µM/ml of chrysin on AGS cells was evaluated. Viability of the cells was determined with MTT assay after 24, 48 and 72 hours and compared to controls. Results: Chrysin inhibited the growth and proliferation of human gastric cancer AGS cell line. The antiproliferative effect of chrysin was dose and time dependent. The IC50 values were determined for 60, 30 and 20 µM, in incubation time of 24, 48 and 72 hour, respectively (P<0.05). Conclusion: Chrysin proved to have antiproliferative activity on human gastric cancer cells in culture medium.
Z Bagheri, P Mohamadynejad, M Moghanibashi,
Volume 19, Issue 3 (10-2017)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Gastric cancer is the most common cancers worldwide. The survivin gene which encodes an apoptosis protein inhibitor plays an important role in maintenance and integrity of the gastric mucosa. The gene is necessary for the normal physiologic function of the stomach, but its expression increases in gastric cancer. Regarding with the role of polymorphisms of the promoter region in genes expression, this study was done to determine the association of single- nucleotide polymorphism (rs9904341) -31C/G in promoter survivin gene with risk of gastric cancers.
Methods: In this case-control study, 101 patients with gastric cancer and 101 matched age and gender healthy subjects as the control were examined by PCR-RFLP technique.
Results: Genotype CC was significantly increased the risk of gastric cancer up to 2.4 folds (95% CI=1.03–5.61, P<0.04) and allele C, as risk allele, significantly increased the risk of gastric cancer up to 1.5 folds (95% CI=1.02–2.30, P<0.03). Also, CC + GC genotypes significantly increased the risk of diffuse type of gastric cancer by 4.4-fold (95% CI=1.30-15.10, OR=4.4, P<0.01).
Conclusion: This study showed that single- nucleotide polymorphism (rs9904341) -31C/G in promoter survivin gene significantly increase the risk of gastric cancers.
Siamak Razaei, Mohammad Hossein Taziki, Nasser Behnampour , Reza Shahsavani , Seyyed Shfie Shafiepour ,
Volume 22, Issue 1 (3-2020)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Due to high incidence and mortality of gasteric cancer and important of clinical symptoms to early diagnosis and tertment; this stady was done to determine the survival rate of gasteric cancer in Golestan provience (north of Iran).
Methods: This retrospective cohort stady was done on 131 patients (77.9% males and 22.1% females) with adeno carcinoma gasteric cancer wich diagosed during 2007-09 in northern Iran. Age, sex, job, nationality and tribe clincal presentation kind of treatment food regiemns, survival collected from archive. In cases whom nesacery data completed with telophone calling or face to face interview. Survival rate of patients for 1, 3 and 5 years were determined using caplan Mayer method.
Results: First symptom in 31.3% of patients was abdominl pain and distance between the first symptom and diagnosis was 1-14 months. 34.4% of patient did not receive any treatment. Survivial rate for 1, 3 and 5 years was 37.4%, 13% and 6.1%, respectively. Age, gender and ethnicity did not not altere survival rate but type of treatment had significant relation to survival rate (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The diagnosis of gasteric cancer in early stage and surgical treatment can help a better survival rate in patients with adeno carcinoma gasteric cancer in northern Iran.
Sekineh Safarnejad, Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi,
Volume 22, Issue 1 (3-2020)
Abstract

Background and Objective: The infection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is one of the most complex items addressed in the clinical microbiology. Although H. pylori positive subjects are bound to develop into atrophic gastritis, current body of evidences is rare. Due to the high prevalence of this bacterium worldwide, finding the true virulence factors as biomarkers for severe gastroduodenal diseases was the priority in recent researches. This study was carried out to determine the prevalancy of cagA and babA of Helicobacter pylori isolated from gastric atrophic patients.
Methods: This descriptive – analytical study was conducted on 100 patients with gastroduodenal disorders in Labafinejad hospital in Tehran, Iran during 2018. Identification of each patient and also bacterial isolation were undertaken according to the standard protocols.
Results: H. pylori were isolated in 23% of patients. 10 patients affected by atrophic gastritis followd by gastric ulcer (7 patients) and acute gastritis (6 patients). In totally, the rate of cagA gene and babA in H. pylori isolated with positive results was 52% and 34%, respectively. There was a significant association between the presence of cagA positive strains and patients with gastric atrophic (P<0.05). The babA gene did not correlate with the presence of gastric atrophic patients.
Conclusion: This study showed that various carrying cagA positive H. pylori can be recovered from patients with gastric atrophy.



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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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