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Showing 2 results for Social Support

Hamid N,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (10-2006)
Abstract

Background&Objective: Stress in managers will effect and destroy the immune system on mental health. Clinical studies have revealed that, social support is one of the moderating factors of negative effect of stress on immune system. The aim of this research was study the correlation between social support and immune system of high school managers in khozestan province. Materials&Methods: An experimental study was conducted on 360 male and femal managers who were participated. Then randomly two groups (n=80 in each group) of low and high social support were selected. Subjects who suffered from disorders that affected the immune system were excluded. Number of T-helper cells (CD4), T-suppressor cytotoxic cell (CD8), Natural killer cells (CD56+CD16), Complement system (C3,C4,CH50), Immunoglobulin M and G (IgM&IgG), cortisol hormone, Eosinophils, Neutrophils and Lymphocytes were measured. Results: There was a significant positive correlation between social support and CD4, CD4/CD8, NK cell (CD56+CD16), CH50, IgM and Neutrophils. Also there was a significant negative correlation between social support and CD8, cortisol and Eosinophils. There was a significant difference between high and low social support managers in CD4, CD4/CD8, CD8, cortisol, CH50, C4, C3 and Lymphocytes. Conclusion: The results indicated that social support has a positive significant correlation with those immune cells that improve the immune system and has a negative correlation with those immune cells that decerase the immune system. In fact the social support is a moderating factor angainst stress and its negative effects on immune system.
Farzaneh Maryami, Zohre Maryami, Imanollahe Bigdeli, Mahmood Najafi, Mahdieh Kiani,
Volume 22, Issue 1 (4-2020)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Postpartum depression has a negative effect on maternal health and adverse effect on psychological development of newborns. Also patterns and personality traits can also be associated with postpartum depression. This study aimed to determine the role of social support and Personality in the incidence of postpartum depression.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed on 200 mothers referred to health centers by available sampling method between 6 weeks to 6 months after delivery. Data were collected using a Questionnaire Personal Information, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS, 1987), NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI, 1985) and Social Support Questionnaire Philips (1977).
Results: Postpartum depression was observed in 49 (24.5%) of mothers. Neuroticism had the highest relationship with postpartum depression. The correlation coefficient of this variable with postpartum depression was 52% and this variable alone was 27% of the variance. There was a significant negative relationship between postpartum depression and social support (r= -0.027, P<0.01). There was a significant positive correlation between postpartum depression and neuroticism (r= 0.52, P<0.01).
Conclusion: This study showed that personality traits and social support are two important factors in relation to postpartum depression.

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مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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