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Showing 5 results for Fakhri

Hamed Ebrahimpour , Amir Ali Jafarnezhadgero, Ebrahim Piri , Ehsan Fakhri Mirzanag,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (2-2024)

Ma.mohseni-Bandpay (phd), M.bagheri-Nasami (msc), M.fakhri (msc), M.ahmad-Shirvani (msc), Ar.khaliliyan (phd),
Volume 7, Issue 1 (Spring & Summer 2005)

Background&Objective: Low back pain (LBP) is common in youth, although `associated with chronic pain in adults. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of LBP in school children age 11-14. Materials&Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out on school children aged 11-14 in north of Iran. Using random multistage sampling 5000 children were selected. Demographic, mechanical and lifestyle data as well as the prevalence and LBP characteristics were collected by a questionnaire. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS (version11) software. Results: Of the original sample, 4813 (96.2%) children returned the questionnaire. Point, last month, last 6 months and annual prevalence were 15%, 14.4%, 15.6%, and 17.4%, respectively. LBP was significantly correlated with age (p<0.05), lifting (p<0.05), position and duration of watching TV, doing homework and duration of exercise (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results indicated that the prevalence of LBP in school children is relatively high. Further studies evaluating the effect of different preventive strategies to reduce the prevalence of LBP in school children is strongly recommended.
Somaye Fakhri , Fatemeh Fakhri , Saeed Shakeryan , Aliakbar Alizaded ,
Volume 23, Issue 3 (10-2021)

Background and Objective: Physical activity and the use of herbal supplements can affect liver enzymes. Nano-curcumin is an effective ingredient (deferulovl methane) in turmeric with antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative properties and can play an important role in preventing liver fibrosis. This study was performed to determine the effect of 6 weeks of high intensity interval training (HIIT) with Nano-curcumin supplementation on liver enzyme levels in overweight female students.
Methods: This clinical trial study was performed on 48 overweight female students of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran with an average age of 21.7±1.32 years and a BMI equals 27.8±2.46kg/m2 during 2018. Participants were randomly divided into 4 groups: control, Nano-curcumin supplementation (One 80 mg capsule daily), training and training combined with nano-curcumin supplementation (one 80 mg capsule daily). Training groups performed an exercise protocol of HIIT training with maximum heart rate for 6 weeks (three sessions per week). Blood samples were obtained to liver enzymes measurement (ALT, AST and ALP) before and after the intervention period.
Results: Performing six weeks of high intensity interval training along with taking nano-curcumin supplemen led to a significant reduction in serum level of AST and ALT compared to control group (P<0.05). In the supplement-training group, a significant decrease was observed in serum levels of ALT and AST compared to pre-test (P<0.05). But no statistically significant changes were observed in ALP serum level.
Conclusion: It seems taking nano-curcumin supplement along with high intensity interval training have a favorable effects on improving some of the liver characteristics of overweight female students.
Amir Ali Jafarnezhadgero , Ehsan Fakhri, Aydin Valizadeh Orang , Raziyeh Alizadeh,
Volume 23, Issue 3 (10-2021)

Background and Objective: Foot pronation could increase injury occurrence during running. This study was done to investigate the effect of shoes with spikes containing two different stiffness on frequency spectrum of muscles during running in patients with pronated feet.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study was done on15 pronated feet runners with mean age of 27.2±6.4 years. Running was done in two conditions including double density and usual spikes Track and field shoes with between rests of 5 minutes. A wireless 8 channels electromyography system (UK) with bipolar electrodes was used to record the electrical activity of the lower limb muscles. Electrodes were located on tibialis anterior, medial gastrocnemius, vastus medialis, retus femoris, vastus lateralis, biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and gluteus medius muscles in accordance with SENIAM European protocol.
Results: Frequency content of tibialis anterior and gluteus medius at loading phase were significantly greater during running with spikes double density Track and field shoes compared with usual spike shoes (P<0.05). The frequency content of muscles did not demonstrate any significant differences during running with spikes double density Track and field shoes compared with usual spike shoes at both mid-stance and push-off phases.
Conclusion: The double density spikes track and field shoes increased frequency content of tibialis anterior and gluteus medius muscles during loading phase that could be associated with shock absorption.

Alireza Nikoonejad , Fakhriyeh Hazbeh , Abbas Allami , Mohammad Ali Danesh ,
Volume 23, Issue 4 (12-2021)

Background and Objective: brucellosis is one of the most common zoonosis diseases. Brucellosis is a systemic disease and affected several organs and tissue in human. This study was performed to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice about brucellosis control among livestock farmers.
Methods: This descriptive-analytic study, was performed on 300 rural literate livestock farmers in BuinZahra, Qazvin Iran during 2019. The knowledge, attitude, and practice, the related factors and demographic characteristics such as age, education level and family count were evaluated by structured six-part questionnaire including 30 questions.
Results: The mean age of the subjects was 41.3±16.4 years. Although 90.7% had heard of brucellosis, only 14% had previous trained. There was a positive attitude about the use of methods to reduce the risk of infection in the family and the seriousness of the issue of animal brucellosis in 19% and 64% of cases, respectively. About 94.7% were attended to veterinarian in suspected cases and 96.7% examined the new animals. 97% were uses of new cheese and milk but the milk was boiled by 89.3%. The mean knowledge was 5.3 ranging from 0 to 8 points in them. There was a statistically significant difference in the knowledge score of individuals according to the information source (P<0.05). Knowledge score and number of household members had positive correlation (r=0.135, P=0.019).
Conclusion: There is medium-level knowledge about brucellosis in livestock farmers. The attitude and some actions (such as dealing with infected livestock) needed to be improved. The probable reason is the high cost of behavior modification in some areas, which has provided the gap between knowledge, attitude and behavior in this area.

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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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