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Showing 13 results for Eslami

Hassani V (md), Pooreslami M (md), Niakan M (md), Sehat S (md),
Volume 1, Issue 3 (Autumn & Winter 1999)

Stress responses have been excited by the painful stimuli, after induction of anesthesia and during the operation. In order to reduce these responses, it will be useful to select the type of anesthesia. Based on this fact, two groups of patients (Every group had 50 patients) were selected randomly. All patients are older than 18 years old and were chosen according to America Society of Anesthesiologist, class I, II, and were candidated for cataract surgery. Propofol were used for induction and maintenance of anesthesia In group 1 (TIVA group). In group 2 (Balance anesthesia), Sodium Thiopental induced anesthesia and the combination of N2O and Halothane were used for maintenance of anesthesia, respectively. Blood Glucose in two groups was measured before induction of anesthesia that all were in normal range (80-120 mg/d). Then after induction, incision and 30 minutes after start of surgery, blood Glucose was measured again and deviation from basal level were classified in three categories as: <10%, 10-20%, >20%. The results demonstrated meaningful difference between two groups, statistically (Chi-square, P<0.001). Increasing the blood Glucose in group 2, in three stages, was more than group 1. Blood Glucose level was increased about 20% from its basal level, in the majority of group 2 (32% after induction, 64% after incision, 62% 30 minutes after start of surgery). But, this amount of increasing in group 1 was detected as follow. 16% after induction, 16% after incision, 12% 30 minutes after start of surgery. It is possible that in TIVA group’s, control of blood Glucose and stress responses better than balance anesthesia group’s. The comparative measurements of catecholamine level in both groups would be the next investigations.
Alavi Sm (md), Sefidgaran Gh (bsc), Albaji A (msc), Nezhad Eslami A (md),
Volume 12, Issue 1 (3-2010)

Background and Objective: Previous studies have shown that vitamin D is involved in host immune response toward Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). The aim of this study was to determine if administration of vitamin D can improve treatment outcome and whether is able to increase the rate of sputum clearance of MTB in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial study was conducted on 96 patients with lung tuberculosis in Ahvaz, Iran during 2008-09. The patients were 18>=years old with sputum positive for acid fast bacillus. Patients were placed in two equal groups as cases and controls. Cases were treated by standard anti TB regimen plus 800 IU/day vit D orally. Controls were treated only by standard anti TB regimen. Follow up sputum examination for presence AFB was performed at the end of month 1, 2, 3, 4 and treatment period. Data were analyzed in SPSS-16 by using descriptive statistics test, chi square and fisher exact test. Results: Mean±SD age of cases and controls was 39.1±17.8 and 38.3±17.6 years, respectively. Overall cure rate in case and control was 93.8% and 95.8% respectively, with no significant difference. The rate of negative sputum of cases in the end of months 1, 2, 3, 4 and treatment period was 66.7%, 78.5%, 93.8% and 93.8% respectively, and for controls was 35.4%, 66.7%, 91.7% and 95.8% respectively. There was significant difference between two groups in the end of first and second month (P<0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that vitamin D as a supplemental drug does not improve the overall treatment outcome among lung TB patients, but it may be able to increase the rate of sputum clearance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Arazpour M (msc), Majdoleslami B (phd), Bahramizadeh M (msc), Mardani Ma (msc), Keyhani Mr (msc),
Volume 12, Issue 4 (12-2010)

Background and Objective: There has been considerable debate regarding the best treatment of the Achilles tendon rupture. One of the nonoperative treatment method for Achilles tendon rupture is using the functional brace. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the functional brace with/without patellar tendon bearing on treatment of patients with Achilles tendon rupture. Materials and Methods: In this semi expremental study, 17 patients with Achilles tendon rupture were recruited and randomly allocated into 2 groups: functional brace with patellar tendon bearing and functional brace without patellar tendon bearing. Pain, plantar and dorsi flexion strength and the required time for progressively increased dorsi flexion position in orthoses to reach the neutral position were measured. Data analyzed with SPSS-13, independent t-test and Smironov-Kolomogrov. Results: Three patients were excluded during follow up and finally this study was done on 14 patients. The difference of the pain intensity and the plantar and dorsi flexion, in each group, before and after the intervention was significant (P<0.05), but the difference between two groups after intervention in all variables was not significant. Conclusion: This study showed that both brace with/without patellar tendon bearing are effective on improvement of pain and the plantar flexion and dorsi flexion strength and also are effective in required time to reach the neutral position.
Nabati M , Tabiban S, Moshtaghian Sh, Eslami S,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (12-2013)

Temporary pace marker (TPM) usually has been used in emergency conditions. Insertion of TPM is accompanied with vein thrombosis and pulmonary Emboli. TPM was inserted via right femoral vein in 73 years male due to complete heart block. Thereafter, he was suffered from deep vein thrombosis. Echocardiography revealed multiple mobile clots in right atrium, ventricle and impending pulmonary thromboemboli following insertion of permanent pacemaker. Despite of contraindication for the application of thrombolytic agents due to surgical incision for permanent pacemaker and presence of patent foramen oval, the patient survived from massive pulmonary thromboemboli and death due to rapid diagnosis and on time treatment with anticoagulation agents without performing surgery.
Eslami R, Gharakhanlou R, Mowla J, Rajabi H, Mohammadkhani R,
Volume 16, Issue 1 (3-2014)

Background and Objective: Trophic factor family plays a key role for neuromuscular system healthy. This study was carried out to determine the effect of one session of resistance exercise on protein content and mRNA expression of NT4/5 in rat slow and fast muscles. Methods: In this experimental study, sixteen adult male rats randomly were allocated into resistance exercise (T) and control groups. The resistance training protocol consisted of climbing a 1-meter–long ladder, with a weight attached to a tail sleeve. Quantitative Real time RT-PCR for NT-4/5 expression and ELISA Kit for protein assay were used. Results: Resistance training significantly decreased mRNA expression and increased protein of NT4/5 in soleus muscle (P<0.05). Significant alteration was not detected in flexor hallucis longus muscle. Conclusion: One session of resistance training can alter protein and mRNA of NT-4/5 in skeletal muscle and this alteration was dependent on muscle type.
Nabati M, Eslami S, Piran R,
Volume 16, Issue 1 (3-2014)

Penetrating atheromatous ulcer is the condition in which ulceration of an aortic atherosclerotic lesion penetrates the internal elastic lamina into the media. Differentiation of penetrating atheromatous ulcer from other causes of acute aortic syndrome such as intramural haematoma and aortic dissection is difficult. The main symptom is a severe, acute chest pain radiating to the inter-scapular area, similar to classical acute aortic dissection of the thoracic aorta. In present article a case of a 52 years old woman with long- standing retrosternal chest pain and with penetrating atherosclerotic aortic ulcer in descending aorta was reported. Unlike the predominant picture of this disease,associated intramural hematoma was not seen.
Eslami R , Gharakhanlou R, Kazemi Ar, Dabaghzadeh R ,
Volume 17, Issue 3 (10-2015)

Background and Objective: Skeletal muscle expresses several neurotrophin and their receptors which providing the basis for neurotrophin signaling within the muscle compartments. This study was done to evaluate the effect of a session of resistance exercise on mRNA expression of NT-3 and TrkC proteins in soleus muscle of Wistar Rats. Methods: In this experimental study, 16 male Wistar rats were randomly allocated into exercise and control groups. The resistance training protocol consisted of climbing a 1-meter–long ladder, with a weight attached to a tail sleeve. Expressions of NT-4/5 and P75, quantitatively were measured using RT-PCR. Results: There was not any significant alteration in NT-3 mRNA in soleus muscle after resistance exercise. However, one session of resistance exercise significantly increased mRNA expression of TrkC (1.7 Folds) in soleus muscle (P<0.05). Conclusion: Resistance exercise increases TrkC expression in soleuse muscle of wistar rats.
Hamidreza Khorshidi , Sajjad Daneshyar, Zeynab Sadat Eslami , Abbas Moradi ,
Volume 21, Issue 2 (7-2019)

Background and Objective: Trauma is the third cause of death and the main cause of disability in Iran. Children are more susceptible to trauma due to physiological conditions and the growth process. This study was done to evaluate the epidemiolog of pediatric trauma in Hamedan, Iran during 2016-2017.

Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was done on 482 traumatic children (330 boys, 152 girls) at the age of 0 to 14 years whom referred to Besat Hospital in Hamedan, Iran during April 2016 to March 2017. Age, gender, season, type of troma and the outcome of trouma were recorded for each subject.

Results: The highest rate of trauma was observed between the ages of 7-14 years old (40.5%). The rate of trauma was significantly higher in boys than the girls (P<0.05). The most rate of trauma occured in summer (36.9%). The most common, place, cause, type, region of traumas were home (44%), falling down (53%), fracture (35%), and region (41%) respectively. Regarding the subsequence of discharge of subjects, 10 deaths and 42 disabilities after trauma were observed.

Conclusion: Regarding the most common type and place of accidents, providing safety at home and knowledge of parents are nesscery for preventing of pediatric teruma in Iran.

Rasoul Eslami , Bakhtyar Tartibian , Mojtaba Najarpour ,
Volume 21, Issue 3 (10-2019)

Background and Objective: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological disease which leads to nerve conduction velocity (NCV) reduction and finally reduction of functional abilities. This study was executed to determine the effect of six weeks resistance training on NCV, strength, balance and walking speed in Multiple Sclerosis patients.
Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 23 MS patients were nonrandomly divided to control (n=10) and resistance training (n=13) groups. Two days before and after training program, NCV, strength, balance and 25 foot walking tests was executed. Resistance training protocol was included tree sessions per week for six weeks and intensity of training was 55% of 1RM.
Results: Six weeks of lower body resistance training significantly increased nerve conduction velocity (NCV) (P<0.05), strength (P<0.05), balance (P<0.05) and walking speed (P<0.05) in MS patients.
Conclusion: Controlled resistance training can improve Multiple Sclerosis patient’s nerve conduction velocity which finally can lead to improve functional abilities, such as strength, balance and walking speed.

Firoozeh Derakhshanpour , Masoumeh Eslami , Leila Kashani , Mahdi Asani ,
Volume 23, Issue 2 (7-2021)

Background and Objective: Chronic hypertrophy of tonsils and adenoids is the most prevalent cause of sleep apnea in children, leading to multiple behavioral disorders. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a heterogeneous disorder caused by adverse biological, social and psychological conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of adenotonsillectomy on ADHD symptoms in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy before and six months after the surgery.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed on 37 children with adenoid hypertrophy in Gorgan, north of Iran during 2018. The data gathering tool was a two-part questionnaire; the first part contained personal data (age, gender), and the second part included the strengths and difficulties checklist. Patients were placed in three groups of hyperactivity, inattention and impulsivity based on 18 criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental disorders. The questionnaires were completed directly by the project performers. Information was collected from the parents. The strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) was used to assess children before and six months after the adenotonsillectomy surgery.
Results: The average and standard deviation of scores in subscales of emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity-inattention, peer relationship problems and prosocial behavior were improved, also a significant difference was observed between SDQ scores before and after adenotonsillectomy (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Adenotonsillectomy can significantly reduce the SDQ score. Therefore, in children with hyperactivity, a medical disorder such as adenoid hypertrophy can cause the onset, exacerbation and persistence of the disease. Proper treatment can be a major factor in controlling the severity of symptoms and even in improving the patient’s recovery.

Zahra Eslami , Zeinab Mohammadi , Shohreh Sharifian , Masoumeh Rezaei Ghomi , Seyedeh Vafa Mousavi , Mahboubeh Farhadi , Najmeh Sheikh Robati , Zeinab Faghfoori , Seyed Javad Mirghani ,
Volume 23, Issue 3 (10-2021)

Background and Objective: Stroke and cerebral ischemia are the second leading causes of death in the world. Currently, there are limited therapeutic interventions for patients with ischemia / reperfusion. This study was performed to determine the protective effect of aerobic exercise and adenosine on changes in inflammation mediators after transient ischemia of common carotid arteries in male Wistar rats.
Methods: In this experimental study, fifty male Wistar rats were randomly allocated into to 5 groups: control, cerebral ischemic control, aerobic exercise + cerebral ischemia, adenosine + cerebral ischemia and aerobic exercise + adenosine + cerebral ischemia. Ischemia was performed by blocking the common carotid artery for 45 minutes after a period of exercise and injection of adenosine. Neuronal structure was examined by Nissel tissue staining. The expression of NGF and Glutamate genes were measured in CA1 region of hippocampal tissue samples.
Results: Cell death was increased in neurons in the CA1 region of the hippocampus in the ischemia / reperfusion group, While a significant reduction in cell death in the adenosine + ischemia / reperfusion and aerobic exercise + ischemia /reperfusion groups was due to adenosine administration and aerobic exercise (P<0.05). NGF and glutamate gene expression in the adenosine + ischemia/reperfusion and adenosine + aerobic exersice + ischemia/reperfusion groups significantly increased and reduced compared to the ischemia/reperfusion control, respectively (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Co-administration of adenosine combined with aerobic exercise increase the protective effect of aerobic exercise on improving the neuronal damage after ischemic / reperfusion.
Masoumeh Eslami , Fatemeh Abdi , Marjan Akbari-Kamrani , Arzhang Gordiz , Fatemeh Najafi ,
Volume 24, Issue 3 (10-2022)

Background and Objective: Any factor that disrupts the tear duct can cause epiphora, one of the most prevalent causes for patients to go to ophthalmology clinics. Nasolacrimal duct obstruction can be congenital or acquired. Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery, which can be operated using external or endonasal approaches, is the standard treatment for nasolacrimal duct obstruction. This study was carried out to assess the success rate of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy surgery for patients with nasolacrimal duct obstruction.
Methods: This descriptive study was carried out on 38 patients (29 females and 9 males), aged over 18 with an average age of 43.07±13.83, suffering from epiphora referring to 5 Azar Hospital in Gorgan (Iran) between 2015 and 2018. The success rate of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy surgery for epiphora treatment was evaluated 6 months after the surgery. Furthermore, from the viewpoint of the complications of the surgery and the connection to the CT scan results, endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy surgery was assessed.
Results: The surgery was successful for 36 patients (94.74%). The extent of the nasolacrimal duct obstruction of the right eye and the left eye was measured at 63.2% and 36.8%, respectively. Slight and heavy bleeding during the surgery was observed in 76.3% and 7.9% of the cases, respectively. Cerebrospinal fluid leakage and orbital injury during the surgery were not seen in the patients. According to the CT scan findings, deviation of the septum was seen in 76.3% of the patients, while septoplasty was operated on in 41.37% of the patients during the surgery. Moreover, half of the patients were suffering from chronic sinusitis for whom, the involved sinuses were opened and sinuses drainage was performed.
Conclusion: Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy surgery is an acceptable and successful method for treating epiphora, especially for patients with sinusitis or nasal septum deviation.
Hengameh Ahmadi , Arman Eslami , Mohammad Reza Honarvar , Amrollah Sharifi ,
Volume 25, Issue 2 (7-2023)

Background and Objective: Nutritional knowledge can affect food choices and, as a result, sports performance. The study of nutritional knowledge, attitude, and performance in athletes can play a fundamental role in choosing the type of training and adapting suitable dietary interventions. This study was done to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and nutritional performance of male bodybuilding athletes in Gorgan, Iran.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was done on 104 male bodybuilding athletes over 18 years old with a history of at least three months of continuous bodybuilding who were randomly selected from 13 bodybuilding clubs in Gorgan, Iran during 2020. Parmenter and Wardle’s standard questionnaire measured athletes’ nutritional knowledge, attitude, and performance. The questionnaire was completed by the athletes with the guidance of the researcher. A trained nutritionist collected anthropometric and body composition data using an Omron BF511 device.
Results: Poor nutritional knowledge, poor dietary attitude and poor nutritional performance was observed in 67.3%, 33.65% and 77.88% of the athletes respectively. A significant correlation was observed between nutritional knowledge with weight (r=0.23, P=0.02), BMI (r=0.27, P=0.01), and body fat percentage (r=0.22, P=0.02). Also A significant correlation was determined between nutritional performance with body weight (r=0.31, P<0.001), BMI (r=0.27, P<0.001), exercise time per week (r=0.22, P=0.02), and exercise timespan (r=0.32, P<0.001).
Conclusion: The level of knowledge, attitude, and nutritional performance of bodybuilding athletes was weak.

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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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