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Showing 40 results for Amin

10
Ramin Azarhoush , Rahim Jorjani , Ali Amiri ,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (2-2024)
Abstract


Hr.joshaghani (ph.d), E.koochaki (ph.d), R.amini (ph.d), P.derakhshandeh (ph.d), A.ehsani (ph.d), M.shabani (ph.d), M.kadivar (m.d,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (Autumn & Winter 2003)
Abstract

Background & Objective: Gastric cancer is the 2nd cause of cancer mortality after lung cancer. Approximately 12% of all cancer death are due to gastric cancer. Tumorgenesis is thought to be a multistep process involving a series of genetic changes in oncogenes and suppressor genes. The most common cancer-related genetic change known in human tumors is P53 mutation, particularly in gastric cancer. This study was done to determine P53 gene mutations in gastric cancer. Materials & Methods: This study was performed on 44 biopsy from patients with gastric cancer during 2002 in 3 hospitals in Tehran. For determination of P53 gene mutations was performed PCR-SSCP methods. Results: The patients group comprised 31 males and 13 females (Average age, 60.8 years Ranging from 34 to 84 years). 36 cases (81.8%) intestinal type, 5 cases (11.4%) were diffuse type and 3 cases no defined. 44 gastric cancers of gastric tissues were screened for the mutations of P53 gene mutations in exons 5-8 using the PCR-SSCP analysis. After polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, 9 patients (20.5%) showed an apparent electrophoretic mobility shift between the cancer and other normal samples. One mutation in exon 5 (11.1%), 2 were detected in exon 6 (22.2%), 3 were found in exon 7 (33.3%) and 3 were detected in exon 8 (33.3%). The mutation rate was 7 of 36 (21.2%) in intestinal type and 2 of (40%) in diffuse type. No significant correlation between P53 gene mutations and age and genus was found. Conclusion: This investigation showed the rate P53 gene mutation (20.5%) in gastric cancer in our society.
Mohammad Dehghan (md), Ramin Azarhoush (md), Nazila Alborzi (md),
Volume 10, Issue 2 (6-2008)
Abstract

Granuloma faciale is an uncommon cutaneous lesion characterized by asymptomatic skin nodules and plaques without any systemic presentation. The lesions mainly seen in middle aged males. We report an uncommon presentation (multiple cutaneous lesions) in trunk,upper arm and face)of a 32 years old male.
Elham Khoori (msc), Asiye Sadat Baniaghil (msc), Ramin Azarhoush (md),
Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2008)
Abstract

Background & Objective: Rubella vaccine is prepared with live virus thus if it injects during abstinence period, it can cause fetal risks. The aim of study was to evaluate rubella IGM among infants of women who were vaccinated against rubella during 3 months pre-or post-conception (abstinence period). Materials & Methods: This cohort study was done on 253 mothers, including 116 mothers as cases and 137 mothers as controls. The case group inadvertently had received MR vaccine (RA27/3) during abstinence period. The control group selected randomly from similar delivery center that admitted for delivery. The background and confounding factors was matched between the control and case groups. In both groups after delivery, cord rubella IGM was measured by ELISA for serological diagnosis of infant infection. Data was analyzed by Chi-square and T-student tests. Results: The findings showed that the number of positive IGM infant was similar in both groups (One positive IGM in each group). In spite of no significant difference between the case and the control groups, the maximum theoretical risk in this study was 4.392% (RR=1.091 95% CI=0.271-4.392). Conclusion: Although no significant difference was found from the point of infants with an IgM+ serology in two groups, according to the risk ratio obtained in this study, we still recommend vaccination should be avoided during abstinence period.
Bayaneh Seidamini (msc), Azar Moradi (msc), Ayyoub Malek (md), Mehrangiz Ebrahimi Mamaghani (phd),
Volume 11, Issue 1 (3-2009)
Abstract

Background and Objective: The obesity and overweight in the children of many developing countries have dramatically increased. Obesity is associated with numerous health problems. While children spend a significant amount of their time in school daily, the various aspects of children school-life such as academic achievement, social skills and attendance, can be affected by obesity and overweight. This study was done to determine the correlation between obesity and overweight with attention dificit in elementary school girls. Materials and Methods: This descriptive-cross sectional study was carried out on 300 girls student of 7-11 years old, in elementary schools in capital city of east Azarbijan cocated North-West of Iran in 2007. The samples selected based on body mass index and were classified by random sampling in three groups including, normal group, overweight group and obese group. The data, collected by child behavior check list (CBCL). The CBCL have 113 iteams, 9 iteams of them were designed for determination of attention dificit in children. The behaviors were scored on a 3-point ranging scale. SPSS-11.5 software and ANOVA statistical test were used to analyse the data. Results: The results showed that overweight group had greater scores in attention dificit scale than other groups and revealed a significant correlation between obesity-over weight and attention dificit (r=0.177, P<0.05). Conclusion: This study indicated a significant correlation between obesity and attention dificit. Prevention of obesity as a first step for prevention of behavioral problems, seems to be essentieal. The treatment of obesity may be a matter of dealing with behavioral problems in children.
Mohammad Amin Pourhoseingholi (msc), Ebrahim Hajizadeh (phd), Alireza Abadi (phd), Azadeh Safaee (msc), Bijan Moghimi Dehkordi (msc), Mohammad Reza Zali (md),
Volume 11, Issue 2 (7-2009)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. Although its incidence is decreasing, it rarely is detected early, and the prognosis remains poor. The aim of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors in gastric cancer using log-normal regression model.

Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was done on 746 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma from February 2003 through January 2007. Gender, age at diagnosis, family history of cancer, tumor size and pathologic distant of metastasis were entered to a log-normal model. Relative risk (RR) was employed to interpret the risk of death.

Results: Results indicated that patients who were upper than 45 years at diagnosis had an increased risk for death (RR=1.01 95% CI, 1.01-1.03), followed by greater tumor size (RR=1.64, 95% CI, 1.07-2.25) and pathologic distant metastasis (RR=2.14, 95% CI, 1.60-2.86) and similar results in multivariate analysis for greater tumor size (RR=2.04, 95% CI, 1.23-3.33) and pathologic distant metastasis (RR=2.01, 95% CI, 1.13-3.56).

Conclusion: This study showed that the early detection of patients in younger and in primary stages and grade of tumor is important to decrease the risk of death in patients with gastric cancer and increase the survival rate.


Faramars Ebrahimi Fallah Talab (md), Mehdi Ghorbani Samini (md),
Volume 11, Issue 2 (7-2009)
Abstract

Child abuse as an ominous and abnormal phenomenon was scold in every community. In attention to severity of non - accidental injuries that inflict by parents or guardian and chance of death is considerable, intervention is necessary for life saving at early stage. A large number of child abuse fatality occur in world wide, that usually does not recognize at routine visits. Therefore the need for a program to recognize and intervent is an inevitable task. This study consider child abuse case with fatal abdominal injury with subsequent death.


Amini A, Savaie M,
Volume 13, Issue 1 (3-2011)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Anesthetic agents effect on pregnancy in operating room personnel is a challenge in anesthesiology. This study was carried out to determined pregnancy complications among hospital operating room personals in Fars province – Iran.

Materials and Methods: In this case-control study, 122 women working in operating rooms of governmental Fars province hospitals during their pregnancies with different jobs considered as case group. 122 women working in internal and pediatric wards considered as control group. The history of pregnancy complications including infertility, abortion, preterm labor, fetal death, neonatal death and low birth weight obtained using questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS-15 software and Chi-Square test.

Results: The incidence of abortion was 19.8% and 16% in case and control group respectively, this difference was not statistically significant. Infertility was significantly higher (8.2% versus 2.5%) in case group than control group (P<0.05). No significant differences in incidence of preterm labor, fetal death, neonatal death and low birth weight were seen between two groups.

Conclusion: This study showed that the incidence of pregnancy complications is similar between women working in operating room and those working in other hospital wards but the prevalence of infertility is higher in operating room personnel than those of other wards.


Arhami-Dolatabadi A, Farahmandrad R, Kariman H, Hatamabadi Hr , Amini A, Assarzadegan F, Zolfaghari Sadrabad A, Talebi Dalouei M , Dalirrooyfard A,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (3-2013)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Magnesium (Mg) ion has possible role in protecting neurons and glia from ischemic damage through the cerebral blood flow and neuronal action. This study was done to evaluate the correlation of total serum Mg level with clinical outcomes in stroke patients. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was done on 316 patients whom diagnosed with stroke in Imam Hossein hospital, Tehran, Iran during 2010-11. Mg levels in all patients were measured. Also, recurrent transient ischemic attack (TIA), recurrent myocardial infarction or stroke, unstable angina and death as clinical outcomes were follow-up for period of 3 and 6 months after admission. Data were analyzed using SPSS-18, Chi-Square, Fisher and Pearson correlation tests. Results: The mean age of patients was 65±15.8 year. Limb weakness (69.9%) and haemoplasia with 63.6% were the most common clinical complaints. Death was the most common finding in 3 month (16.8%) and recurrent stroke was the most common finding in 6 month follow up (2.5%). There was no significant difference between the total serum Mg and the first and second three-months follow up of clinical outcomes. Conclusion: This study can not show a significant correlation between total serum Mg levels and clinical outcomes after 3 and 6 month follow up in stroke patients.
Mahdavi Shahri N, Moghaddam Matin M, Fereidoni M, Behnam Rassouli M, Moghimi A, Bahrami Ar, Namini Ma, Naderi S, Kheirabadi M, Naseri F,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (12-2013)
Abstract

Tissue engineering is based on three main factors including scaffolds, cells and growth factors. Natural scaffolds derived from decellularized tissues and organs have been successfully used in tissue engineering. Decellularization studies have shown that natural scaffolds which maintaine their main structure and properties could be a suitable tool for studying cellular behaviors and preparation of such scaffolds is an important part of future research in biology that may have extensive applications in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. Blastema tissue which is produced after injuries in some organisms has embryonic cell characteristics, and can be a suitable model for evaluation of cell behaviors in various tissues. In this review, the process of decellularization, process involved in preparation of 3D scaffolds derived from extracellular matrix of various tissues including cartilage, bone, gingiva, aorta and bladder, and assessment of their interactions with blastema tissue under in vitro conditions are discussed.
Khodabakhshi B, Tafreshi M, Aminolsharieh Najafi S,
Volume 16, Issue 2 (7-2014)
Abstract

Borreliosis or recurrent fever is a spirochete disease which is caused by various species of borrelia and characterized by recurrent episodes of fever, chills and spirochetemia that could lead to multiple organ involvement and even death. In this case report, a 23 years old man was presented with shaking chills, fever and abdominal pain from a week before hospital admission. Borrliosis was confirmed following observation of Spirochete in peripheral blood smear. The patient was treated with doxycycline orally and one week after treatment discharged with a good general condition. Coincidence of borreliosis with underlying haemolysis in this patient was misled clinical presentation.
Jalilzadeh-Amin G, Yousefi Ar, Abdollahi-Pirbazari M,
Volume 16, Issue 2 (7-2014)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Bunium percicum is often used in Iranian traditional medicine for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders particularly gastric ulcer.This study was done to evaluate the antiulcerogenic effect of Bunium percicum Boiss.essential oil against indomethacin and ethanol – induced ulcer models in Wistar rats. Methods: This experimental study was carried out on rats weighing 200-220 g in veterinary college of Urmia University, Iran. LD50 was calculated based on Lorke’s method. To evaluate the short term oral toxicity, animals were allocated into four group of six each. In groups 1-3 animals were received orally 250, 125, 80 mg/kg/bw of Bunium percicum Boiss.essential oil, respectively. Controls were received Tween 80 (2%) orally for 14 consecutive days and monitored daily. Bunium percicum Boiss. essential oil was administered orally at doses of 20, 40 and 80 mg/kg/bw and cimetedin (10 mg/kg/bw) and omopirazol (30 mg/kg/bw) in indomethacin and ethanol–induced ulcer models. Results: The LD50 was 375 mg/kg/bw. Daily single oral doses of Bunium percicum Boiss.essential oil tolerated behaviorally after 14 days without any alterations in body and organs weight, food, water consumption and serum total protein, alanine and aspartate aminotransferase activity. The preventive index in doses of 40 and 80 mg/kg/BW of Bunium percicum Boiss.essential oil was 37.98% and 59.21%, respectively in the indomethacin -induced ulcer model (P<0.05). In the model of ethanol -induced ulcer, the preventive index in doses of 40 and 80 mg/kg of Bunium percicum Boiss. essential oil was 12.40% and 22.05%, respectively (P<0.05). Conclusion: The essential oil of Bunium percicum Boiss is completely ‘‘safe’’ and at the doses of 40 and 80mg/kg/bw significantly prevent gastric ulcers in animal model.
Aminolsharieh Najafi S , Mohammadzadeh F, Mobasheri E, Vakili Ma ,
Volume 16, Issue 3 (10-2014)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Overweight, obesity and ethnicity are effective factors on pregnancy complications. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between third tri-mester body mass index (BMI) with maternal and neonatal complications. Methods: This descriptive analytic study was conducted on 551 pregnant women in third tri-mester with Fars, Sistani and Turkman ethnicities in Sayad Shirazi teaching hospital in Gorgan, north of Iran during 2012. BMI calculated at the time of labor admission and the subjects categorized into three groups of normal / underweight, overweight and obese. Results: The mean of maternal age among Fars, Sistani and Turkman ethnic groups were 26.5±5.5, 24.6±5.3 and 26.2±5.2 years, respectively. The mean of gestational age among Fars, Sistani and Turkman ethnic groups were 38.4±2.3, 38.6±2.3 and 37.4±3.2 weeks, respectively. A significant relationship was found between BMI and cesarean section and labor dystocia in Fars and Sistani ethnic groups, respectively (P<0.05), while no relationship was found between BMI and neonatal complications. Conclusion: Overweight and obesity in Fars ethnicity are at risk of cesarean section and those with Sistani ethnicity are at risk of labor dystocia.
Amini Sarteshnizi N , Teimori H, Zahri S, Mobini Dehkordi M , Khosravi S, Amini Sarteshnizi R,
Volume 16, Issue 4 (12-2014)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Chrysin is a natural and active biological component which is extracted from plants, honey and propolis. Chrysin has anti-inflammatory, anticancer and antioxidant propertis. This study was done to evaluate the effect of chrysin on AGS human gastric cancer cell line. Methods: In this descriptive - analytic study, chrysin was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and the cytotoxic effects of concentrations of 10, 15, 20, 30, 40 ,50, 60, 70, 80, and 100 µM/ml of chrysin on AGS cells was evaluated. Viability of the cells was determined with MTT assay after 24, 48 and 72 hours and compared to controls. Results: Chrysin inhibited the growth and proliferation of human gastric cancer AGS cell line. The antiproliferative effect of chrysin was dose and time dependent. The IC50 values were determined for 60, 30 and 20 µM, in incubation time of 24, 48 and 72 hour, respectively (P<0.05). Conclusion: Chrysin proved to have antiproliferative activity on human gastric cancer cells in culture medium.
Nikbakht Ha, Aminisani N, Hosseini Sr, Asghari Jafarabadi M , Ahoei Kh ,
Volume 18, Issue 1 (3-2016)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Colorectal cancer can significantly cause physical, psychological and social problems. This study was done to determine the prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients with colorectal cancer in Babol located in north of Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional, analytical study was done on 120 (75 males, 45 females) patients with colorectal cancer which registered in the Babol cancer registry in north of Iran during 2008-12. A questionnaire containing demographic information, aspects of the disease and HADS questionnaire was completed by interviewing to assess anxiety and depression for each patient. Results: The prevalence rate of depression and anxiety in patients was 23.4% and 30.8%, respectively. Gender, residency of rural area, and having comorbidities are related to depression among which location was identified as an independent predictor. Urban residency had 79% less risk of depression than rural residents (95% CI=0.06-0.67, OR=0.21, P<0.009). Gender, resident of rural areas, unemployed, having comorbidities, low income and lack of education were associated with anxiety, among which only education was identified as an independent predictor (95% CI=1.32-13.81, OR=4.27, P<0.015). Conclusion: The prevalence of anxiety and depression in colorectal cancer patients was high in this area. Therefore, interventions are recommended to increase awareness and greater attention to rural women and controlling comorbidities.


G Jalilzadeh-Amin, Ar Yousefi, S Abasipour-Dalivand,
Volume 19, Issue 1 (3-2017)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Ferula assa foetida (Ferula assa-foetida L.) is an herbaceous wild plant native to Iran which is used in the traditional medicine for treating stomach and intestinal disorders. This study was done to determine the antidiarrheal effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Ferula assa foetida in rat.

Methods: In this experimental study, Wistar adult male rats randomly allocated into negative control, positive control and interventional groups. Animals in negative control groups were recived normal salin orally. Animals in positive control groups were recived Atropine (0.1 mg/kg/bw) for evaluation of intestinal propulsive movement and Loperamide (3 mg/kg/bw) for evaluation of diarrhea. In interventional group 1, 2 and 3 animals were received hydroalcoholic extract of Ferula assa foetida 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg/bw, resepectively. One hour after administration of extracts and medicine diarrhea induced using castor oil in animals. Induced diarrhea, intestinal propulsive movement and intestinal fluid accumulation were evaluated in rats.

Results: Gavage of the extract (5 g/kg) did not produce any toxic effect in rats. The mean peristaltic index in Gavage for doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg/bw, control and atropine groups was 97.00%, 65.88%, 62.23%, 86.19% and 52.86%, respectively. The extract at the lowest dose in combination with atropine was significantly reduced peristaltic index rather than of the atropin alone (P<0.05). The extract produced a non-significant reduction in the volume of intestinal fluid accumulation and propulsive movement in the castor oil-induced intestinal transit in rats. In a dose-dependent manner, the extract delayed the onset of diarrhea. Loperamide and highest dose of extract (400 mg/kg/bw) produced a significant reduction in the frequency of defecation and severity of diarrhea (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The hydroalcoholic extract of F. assa foetida showed anti-diarrheal activity due to its inhibitory effect on intestinal fluid accumulation.


Z Amini-Farsani , Mh Sangtarash , H Teimori , M Shamsara ,
Volume 19, Issue 3 (10-2017)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Ovarian cancer is the fifth common cancer among women and the number of new cases is increasing. Valproic acid is a histone deacetylase inhibitor effectively used to treat epilepsy and bipolar disease. Recently, this compound has attracted attention as an anti-cancer agent. Bim is one of the most important genes of mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis, and it plays an important role in the biology of cancer. Expression of this gene is greatly reduced in ovarian cancer. This study was done to evaluate the effect of valproic acid on the viability of ovarian cancer cells, apoptosis and Bim gene expression in A2780 line.
Methods: In this experimental study, the human ovarian cancer cells (A2780) were grown in RPMI-1640 medium in appropriate culture conditions. The cells were treated by various concentrations valproic acid (1-30 mM) and were incubated for 24, 48 and 72 hours. After the incubation of period, cell viability was investigated using MTT. Apoptosis was analyzed by flow-cytometry method in the cells were treated by valproic acid. The Real time PCR test was used to assess the effect of this drug on the expression of Bim gene.
Results: The results of MTT assay showed that valproic acid reduced the viability of A2780 cells, and this effect was time and dose-dependent. The reduction of cell viability at 30 mM concentration and 72 hours after treatment, was maximum and statistically significant (P<0.05). Exposure to valproic acid significantly increased the percentage of apoptotic cells (P<0.05). Also, Valproic acid significantly increased the expression of Bim (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Valproic acid reduced viability in ovarian cancer cell line A2780. Valproic acid increased cell death by altering the expression of genes involved in apoptosis in ovarian cancer cell line A2780.
A Aminzadeh , M Ramzanpoor , A Molaarazi , F Ghasemi Kebria , Gh Roshandel ,
Volume 19, Issue 3 (10-2017)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Golestan province in north of Iran is known as a high risk area for cancers. Differences in climatic characteristics including rainfall, temperature and humidity may affect the diet, types of vegetation and lifestyle of residents in this area. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between rainfall and temperature with the incidence of cancer in Golestan province, north of Iran.
Methods: In this descriptive-analytic study, climatological data and Data of cancer incidence in Golestan province, north of Iran were collected during 2005 and 2010.
Results: Higher incidence of cancers was seen in areas with dried climate including Eastern parts of the province and the Turkmen sahra (P<0.05). A significant negative correlation was found between the rainfall and the incidence of esophageal cancer (r=-0.64, P<0.04). The average rainfall was significantly lower in high-risk area for esophageal cancer than in low-risk area (P<0.05). The incidence of gastric cancers was significantly higher in dry climate than humid climates (P<0.05). The incidence of esophageal and intestinal cancers was non-significantly higher in dry climate than humid climates. The incidence of breast cancer was non-significantly lower in dry climate than humid climates.
Conclusion: This study showed that higher incidence of cancers in dry climates when compared with humid climates. Also, environmental factors may play a role in high incidence rate of cancers in this area.
Nastaran Amintaheri , Maryam Tehranipour , Saeedeh Zafar Balanezhad ,
Volume 20, Issue 1 (3-2018)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Brain is not able to produce new neurons by neurogenesis after maturity. Neurogenesis after the maturity was reported in Hippocampus and subventricular areas in the brain. Rosa canina L has various vitamins and other valuable compounds such as polyphenols, carotenoid, carbohydrates and fatty acids. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the alcoholic extract of the fruit of Rosa canina L plant on neuronal density of the hippocampus in animal model.
Methods: In this experimental study 24 adult male mice were randomly allocated into 4 groups including: control and three treatent groups. Animals in treatment groups 1, 2 and 3 were received the alcoholic extract with extract with a dose of 25, 50, 75 mg/kg/bw intraperitoneally (IP), for 21 day continuously with an invertal of 24 hours, respectively. Animals in control group were received normal saline injection. One month after the first injection, the animals were anesthetized and brain gently was out of the skull. After processing, seven-micron serial sections were stained with blue toluidine and erythrosine. Different regions of the hippocampus were photographed and neuronal density was evaluated by stereological methods and was compared with control group.
Results: The mean neuronal density of CA1 area of hippocampus in control and the treated group with a dose of 25, 50, 75 mg/kg/bw was 55±2, 70±3, 65±3 and 61±2, respectively. Neuronal density significantly increased in treatment group with dosage of 25 mg/kg/bw in compared to control group (P<0.05). The mean neuronal density of CA2 and CA3 area of hippocampus in treated group with a dose of 25, 50, 75 mg/kg/bw was not significant in compared to controls.
Conclusion: This study showed that the alcoholic extract of the fruit of Rosa canina L plant with dosage of 25 mg/kg/bw increase neurons of the mice hippocampus.
Ramin Amini , Sadeghali Taziki , Gholamreza Roshandel , Kazem Kazemnejad ,
Volume 20, Issue 4 (12-2018)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Electro convulsion therapy (ECT) is one of the most common ways for treatment of psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of Propofol, Etomidate, and Thiopental on seizure and recovery duration following ECT.
Methods: In this clinical trial study, 90 patients diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder by a psychiatrist, who need to be treated by ECT in 5 Azar hospital, Gorgan, north Iran. The patients were randomly divided into the three groups by simple random allocation method. Interventions included standard monitoring and pre-oxygenation with 100% FiO2 for 3 minutes for all patients in three groups. Anesthesia of the patients in the first, second, and third group was done with Thiopental (1.5 mg/kg), Propofol (0.6 mg/kg), and Etomidate (0.1 mg/kg), respectively. Administration of Succinyl Colin (0.5 mg/kg) as muscle relaxant and Atropine for prevention of bradycardia was uesd in all patients. Duration of seizure and recovery; changes in hemodynamic status including heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP); and amount of charge for ECT were recorded for each subject.
Results: Mean of seizure duration in Thiopental, Propofol, and Etomidate groups were 43.72±11.81, 35.74±10.58 and 45.81±17.26 seconds, respectively (P<0.05). Amount of charge for ECT in 3 sessions of treatment and changes of HR were not different between the 3 groups. Changes of MAP in the Propofol group was significantly less than other two groups (P<0.05). Recovery time following ECT was the least in Etomidate group in comparison with Thiopental and Propofol (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Ethomidate and Thiopental had the same effect on increasing seizure duration. However, due to the significant reduction in recovery time compared with Thiopental, Ethomidate may be considered as the best choice.

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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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