[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Editorial Board::
Executive Members::
Articles Archive::
Instruction to Authors::
Peer-Review::
Contact Us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Search published articles ::

Parsian H (phd), Nouri M (phd), Somi Mh (phd), Rahimipour A (phd), Qujeq D (phd), Estakhri R (phd), Kashifard M (phd), Agcheli K(md), Majidi G(md),
Volume 12, Issue 1 (3-2010)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Noninvasive methods have been proposed as surrogate markers for liver biopsy in recent years. It was shown that serum laminin level increases with the development for liver fibrosis The aim of this work was to determine serum laminin level cutoff point for predicting liver fibrosis, highlighting its diagnostic value and determining the effect of treatment on its level. Materials and Methods: In this case-control study during 2008-09, serum laminin levels in chronic hepatitis patients (n=62) and controls (n=20) before the beginning of the treatment and three times in a 2 month's interval i.e. 2.4 and 6 months after the beginning of the treatment- were compared by ELISA and stages of fibrosis were assessed according to the liver biopsy. Results: Mean serum laminin concentration in patients (91.9±20.9 ng/ml) was greater than the control (46.2±10.2 ng/ml, P<0.05). Serum levels of laminin in all stages of hepatic fibrosis were significantly higher than those of the healthy controls (P<0.05). A cutoff point of 52.0 ng/ml of laminin serum was obtained for the discrimination of patients with liver fibrosis than the healthy control showed a good sensitivity (96.8%) and specificity (80%). After 6 months of treatment, a gradual decrease in serum laminin level was observed, however the level was still higher than that of the healthy group (P<0.05). Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that serum laminin level is a useful non-invasive marker of liver fibrosis due to strong positive correlation between serum laminin level and the degree of liver fibrosis.
Shariati Ar (msc), Mojerloo M (md), Hesam M (msc), Mollae E (msc), Abbasi A(msc), Asayesh H (msc), Khalili A (bsc),
Volume 12, Issue 1 (3-2010)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Hemodialysis is one of the common therapulic proceduce for terminal renal failure. Insufficient and low efficient hemodialysis increases the mortality rate, therefore the assessment of hemodialysis efficacy is important. This study was done to determine the hemodialysis efficacy based on urea reduction ratio (URR) model and kt/v (Clearance Time Volume) criteria in Gorgan, Northern Iran. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive and analytical study 113 heomdilysis patients were selected prior to hemodilysis and five minutes after pump stopping, arterial blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was measured and then kt/v and URR were calculated. Also kt/v relations with weight, gender, educational level, length of hemodialysis session, blood flow rate, TMP (Terans Membran Presure), filter Ku/f (Clearance Ultrafiltration), preliminary disease, time of hemodialysis per week and the type of vessel access were determined. Data analyzed using SPSS-13 and independent t-test, chi-square, fisher exact test and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: The mean of hemodilysis history was 37 months and mean of Patient's ages were 51.6 years. 77.9% of subjects had hemodialysis efficacy according to Kt/v and URR critrial. There was a statistical significant correlation between hemodialysis efficacy and time of hemodialysis session, blood flow rate, time of hemodialysis per week and type of vessels access (P<0.05), but there was not any significant correlation between hemodialysis efficacy and weight, gender, education, TMP, filter Ku/f and preliminary disease. Conclusion: This study suggested that hemodialysis efficacy in this center was better that other studies in Iran.
Akbarzadeh M (msc), Moradi F (msc), Dabbaghmanesh Mh (md), Jafari P (phd), Parsanezhad Me (md),
Volume 12, Issue 4 (12-2010)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most prevalent (6-10%) endocrine glands disorders among child - bearing women. In addition to the patients, their first degree relatives are exposed to some risk factors such as abnormal lipoproteins. Due to high prevalence PCOS among women and the role of genetic factors in this abnormality, it is necessary to recognize high risk people particularly among first degree relative. Therefore this study was conducted to determine the level of serum lipoproteins in first degree relatives of patients with PCOS. Materials and Methods: This case control study was done on 107 individuals of the first degree relatives of PCOS patients as cases and 107 normal individuals of the first degree of non-PCOS as controls in Shiraz, Iran during 2009. Participants completed a test assessing demographics and blood sample were taken from all participants in order to assay serum lipoproteins including total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and triglyceride. Data was analyzed by means of independent t-test and Fisher's exact test as well as Chi-Square. Results: The means±SD of total cholesterol, HDLc and triglyceride in cases was 191±31.64, 167±4.06 and 191±31.64 mg/dl, respectively. The means±SD of total cholesterol, LDLc and triglyceride in controls was 158.25±18.25, 123±21.33 and 120.42±17.11 mg/dl, respectively. Serum level differences of LDL and triglyceride in cases and controls were significant (P<0.05). The means±SD of HDLc in cases and controls was 40.06±6.95 and 45.9±6.7 mg/dl, respectively (P<0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that the serum level of lipoproteins in the first degree relatives of PCOS patients is significant higher than non-PCOS.
Tajbakhsh R, Dehghan M, Azarhoush R, Sadani S, Kaboutari M, Qorbani M, Samadzadeh S,
Volume 13, Issue 1 (3-2011)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Mucocutaneons manifestations are common in hemodialysis patients.The aim of this study was evaluate the prcvalence of cutaneous and mucosal manifestations in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients who are on the maintenance hemodialysis.

Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was performed on 100 (51 males, 49 females) hemodialysis patients in 5 Azar hospital in Gorgan, North of Iran during 2009. Patients selected on randomly based an all of them completely examined by a deramatologist for any changes in skin, hair, nail and mucous membrane. If necessary biopsy perform and refer to a pathologist. Data analysed with SPSS-13, mann-whitney, t-test, Chi-Square and Fisher tests.

Results: The average age was 49±12.3 years. The most common causes of ESRD was dibetes mellitus. The most common skin lesion was xerosis (78.3%), after that pruritis (39.1%) lentigo (34.8%) skin discoloration (32.6%) leukonychia (32%) thining of nail bed (24%) were common lesions. Lentigo was more common in female than male 42.85% vs 21.50% (p=0.042). Xerosis (p<0.01), scaling (p=0.042), lentigo (p<0.01), folliculitis (p<0.01), idio pathic guttate hypopigmentation (p<0.01) leukonychia (p<0.01) and half and half nail (p<0.01) have meaningful correlation with age. There was also meaningful correlation between dialyis duration and skin discoloration (p<0.031) and leukonychia (p<0.041). Clubhing and ca-p product also have meaningful correlation (p<0.027). Pruritis (p<0.048) and skin fungal infection (p<0.047) (tinea versi color) also have meaningful correlation with serum ferritin level.

Conclusion: Mucocutaneous manifestation were common in end stage renal disease patients.


Amiriani T, Besharat S, Semnani Sh, Joshaghani Hr, Roshandel Ghr, Keshtkar Aa, Kiaii Mr, Mirkarimi Hs, Hashemi-Nasab Sz, Zendeh-Bad As,
Volume 13, Issue 1 (3-2011)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Celiac is a hereditary disease presented with chronic inflammation of small intestine. Several studies supposed a relationship between Celiac disease and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Tissue trans-glutaminase antibody is one of the best serological markers in Celiac disease. This study was designed to evaluate the association of Celiac and IBD using tissue trans-glutaminase antibody.

Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study 127 confirmed IBD patients who were referred by gastroentrologists 2005-08 enrolled into the study. A questionnaire was completed and tissue trans-glutaminase antibody was evaluated with ELISA method with a Cut-off=12 U/ml.

Results: Among 127 referred patients, serum samples of 102 patients were collected. Mean±SD of age was 36.17±15.2 years and 48% were males. Ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and other colitis were observed in 76 (74.5%), 7 (6.9%) and 19 (18.6%) of patients, respectively. Tissue trans-glutaminase antibody was positive (19.8 U/L) in one 46-years-old male patient with ulcerative colitis.

Conclusion: Tissue trans-glutaminase antibody titer was not significantly different between IBD patients and controls, thus it seems not appropriate to suggest as one of the routine tests in IBD patients.


Yazdani S (md), Shokravi Ah (md), Gharaei M (md),
Volume 13, Issue 2 (7-2011)
Abstract

Celiac disease is one of the most common cause of malabsorbtion syndrom. The symptom of this disease associated secondary to malabsorbtive problems. Celiac can be accompanied with liver enzyme dysfunction with various extra intestinal findings. This case was a 27-year old man presented with abnormal liver function test over period of 1 year. He did not have another symptom such as diarrhea, weight loss or skin lesion. In medical examination, there was no ascites, peripheral edema or jaundice. Diagnostic re-examination of the paitent include serology tests and Viral hepatitis, Wilson disease and auto Imuune respones showed to be normal. Abdominal and biliary sonography had normal results. Liver biopsy revealed no sign of any pathology, but duodenal biopsy and serologic findings were compatible by Celiac disease. The symptom improved on a gluten-free diet and his liver enzyme function tests became normal subsequently.


Ehsani Ardakani Mj (md), Yazdani S (md), Noorinayer B (md), Emadian L (md), Shokravi Ah (md), Gharaee M (md),
Volume 14, Issue 2 (6-2012)
Abstract

Background and Objective: The staging of gastrointestinal cancer has an important role in the treatment of tumor. This study was done to determine the efficacy of endosonography method for determining the stage and deepth of esophagus and stomach cancers. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, endosonographic staging was performed in 23 patients (15 male and 8 female) with esophagus and stomach cancers, confirmed with pathologic findings in Taleghani hospital, Tehran, Iran during 2002-04. The results of surgical staging compared to preoperative endosonographic method. Results: Mean age of 23 patients was 57.2 years (43-72 years). 30% and 70% of the patients had esophageal and gastric cancers, respectively. The accuracy of endosonographic staging of esophagus and stomach cancers was 82%. The accuracy of diagnosis, positive and negative predictive value of cancers in assessment of the depth of the tumor by endosonography procedure were 79.4%, 69.6% and 84.9%, respectively. Conclusion: Endosonography is a precise method for evaluating depth and staging of tumor and lymph node involvement.
Akbarzadeh M (msc), Moradi F (msc), Dabbaghmanesh Mh (md), Jafari P (phd),
Volume 14, Issue 2 (6-2012)
Abstract

Background and Objective: There is a genetic background for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Due to increase metabolic disorders, lipoproteins, impaired glucose tolerance, and hypertension in PCOS patients, this study was done to determine the cardiovascular risk factors in first relative member of patients with polycystic ovarian syndrom in Shiraz, Iran. Materials and Methods: This case - control study was carried out on 107 parents and siblings of women with PCOS as cases and 107 non-PCOS parents and siblings of women as controls in Shiraz, Iran during 2007-08. Demographic characteristic, BMI, obesity and blood pressure were recorded for all subjects. Serum lipoproteins including total cholestrol, triglyceride, LDL, HDL and fasting blood sugar were measured in cases and controls. Data were analyzed using SPSS-16.5, independent t-test, Chi-Square and Kappa tests. Results: 35.3%, 26.5%, 11.76% and 5.8% of fatheres in cases were considered as overweight class I, class II, class III of obesity, respectively when compared to controls. This differecne was significant (P<0.05). Waist –hip ratio in mothers in cases (25.6%) and controls (17.9%) were higher than 0.85. Waist –hip ratio among the sisters in case and control groups were 23.5% and 17.6%, respectively (P<0.05). Hypertension was observed in 12.2% of cases and 3.7% of controls. This difference was not significant. High level of triglyceride were determined in 14.94% of cases and 6.5% of controls. A significant correlation was found between BMI and diabete II in case and control groups (P<0.05). Disorder in glucose tolerance test (GTT) in case and control goups were 19.62% and 7.47%, respectively (P<0.05). The obesity was found in 18.7%, 6.54% in cases and controls with disorder in GTT (P<0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that obesity, central obesity, high level of serum lipoproteins and hypertension among first relative member of patients with PCOS are significantly higher than the controls.
Amri Maleh P (md), Taghavi Y (md), Solimanian S (bsc),
Volume 14, Issue 2 (6-2012)
Abstract

Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents during the peri-operative period is rare but with significant morbidity and mortality. A 21 years old pregnant woman with preeclampsia was scheduled for an emergency cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. After 18 hours of operation, epilepticus status was occurred. One day after control of seizure, aspiration pneumonitis was diagnosed and treated with mechanical ventilation and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). In patients with the history of loss, consciousness, complication of aspiration, aspiration pneumonia and pneumonitis particularly should be considerated. In case of onset of pneumonitis, PEEP treated procedure with other mechanical ventilation is recommaded.
Hajihasani Ah, Bahrpeyma F , Bakhtiari Ah, Taghikhani M,
Volume 14, Issue 3 (10-2012)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Adiponectin is an adipocyte-secreted hormone. Low levels of Adiponectin may indicate the insulin resistance and development of diabetes. The regular exercise therapy induces insulin resistance to be reduced. Glucose uptake increase in muscles, increased adiponectin levels and decreased of HbA1c in diabetic patients. This study was designed to evaluated the effect of down-hill and up-hill running exercises on the adiponectin and serum glucose in type-2 diabetic patients. Materials and Methods: This clinical trial study was conducted on 28 patients (13 male and 15 female), age 40 to 60 years, with type-2 diabetes, in neuromuscular rehabilitation research center, Semnan, Iran during 2009. Participants were assigned randomly in one of the two experimental groups, eccentric or concentric exercise using treadmill. Before and after control and intervention period, glucose, HbA1c and adiponectin serum were measured in both groups. Data were analyzed using SPSS-18, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Repeated Measures ANOVA, Tukey and independent t tests. Results: Eccentric and concentric exercise significantly decreased glucose, HbA1c and also increased adiponectin levels (P<0.05) in type-2 diabetic patients. However, eccentric exercise also significantly reduced glucose and HbA1c and increased adiponectin levels compared to the concentric exercise (P<0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that eccentric exercise are more effective than concentric exercise to reduce and control the blood glucose level and improve serum adiponectin in type-2 diabetes mellitus patients.
Moghadaszadeh M, Fatahi E, Bonyadi M, Shirzadeh M,
Volume 14, Issue 3 (10-2012)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders characterized by abdominal pain or discomfort and altered bowel habits. Although IBS etiology is poorly understood, some psychological disturbances and food allergies have been proposed. This study was done to determine the effect of food allergen exculsion on symptoms and quality of life in IBS. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive and anolytical study was done on 100 IBS patients in Tabriz, Iran during 2011. Food allergies of specific origin and effects of non allergic regimens on quality of life, pain severity and disease symptoms were evaluted during one month period. Data were analyzed using SPSS-16, student’s t-test, Chi-Square and Fisher’s exact tests. Results: Patients age were 31.5±7.2 between 15-43 years. Specific antibodies against allergic foods were detectable in 31 (31%) cases. Penaut showed to induce the highest food allergy in 5 (16.1%) patients. The median disease duration was 4.5±2.6 years in allergic patients while 3.5±2.9 in non allergic group with no significant difference. The changes is quality of life was significant in non allergic regimens after one month in allergic group (P<0.05) while disease symptoms such as mucus defecation and flatulence had no significant changes. Conclusion: This study showed that one month non allergic regimens reduce abdominal pain and improve quality of life in IBS patients.
Houshiyar A (md), Fouladi N (phd), Amani F (phd), Alimohammadi Asl H (phd), Ghorbani F (md),
Volume 14, Issue 4 (12-2012)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most prevalent gastrointestinal disorder and is one the common conditions seen by gastroenterologists in their daily practice. This study was done to determine the prevalence of celiac disease in patients with irritable bowel syndrome in Ardabil-Iran. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 105 patients with IBS whome referred to the gastroenterology unit in Ardabil-Iran during 2009-10. Serum IgA anti tTG were measured all patients with positive for antibodies against tTG were candidated for upper endoscopy and biopsy. Data were analyzed using SPSS-16, t-test, Chi-Square and Fisher’s exact tests. Results: The average age of IBS subjects were 31.4±10.14 years (range 16-63 years). Celiac disease was diagnosed in 14 subjects (13.5%). The celiac patient age were 22-55 years with mean of 34.93±9.47. Among celiac afflicted patients IBS type D and M observed among 10 and 4 patients, respectivley. Celiac affected female constituted 12 (85.7%) of all patients (P<0.05). 10 of these patients were IBS-D and 4 with IBS-M. From 14 celiac patient 4 (28.57%) were family related, but this rate among IBS patient was 3.3%, this difference was significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that the prevalence of celiac in patients with IBS is found to be 13.5% which seem is more than ther studies in other parts of Iran.
Khazraei Hr, Khalili B, Ganji F, Moghim H,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (3-2013)
Abstract

Background and Objective: The identification of fungi agents causes allergic rhinitis is crucial for the appropriate diagnosis prophylaxis and treatment of patients suffering from the disease. This study was done to evaluate the prevalence of fungi in patients with allergic rhinitis in Shahrekord, Iran. Materials and Methods: This case-control study was done on 124 patients whom referred to Kashani hospital in Shahrekord, Iran during 2009. 62 patients with allergic rhinitis were selected as case group and 62 patients without allergic rhinitis were considered as controls. Direct smear and culture of nasal secretion were performed to identify the fungi. Also IgE level's were measured for all participants. Data were analyzed using SPSS-16, Chi-Square and independent t-tests. Results: The fungi from culture medium of nose exeretion were isolated from 15 (24%) cases and 5 persons (8%) in control group. The most common isolated fungi were Aspergillus (8%) and Penicillinum (6.5%). In direct smear the fungi agent were found in 23% and 8% in case and control groups respectively. The IgE titre in 31% of cases with allergic rhinitis was higher than 100 IU/mL, but this titre of IgE only was seen in 4.8% of control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that the fungi can be considered as induce of allergic rhinitis.
Sobhani Shahmirzadi M , Mirzaeian B, Mansoori M,
Volume 15, Issue 2 (7-2013)
Abstract

Background and Objective: The relation between stress and gastrointestinal diseases, particularly irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), has received consideration for years. This research was conducted to compare the attachment styles and coping strategies in IBS and healthy female students. Materials and Methods: This case – control study was conducted on 50 female students with irritable bowel syndrome and 50 healthy students in Gorgan, Iran druring 2011. Age, grade and major were similar in both cases and controls. ROME III criteria questionnaire, together with a physician report confirmation were used to diagnose IBS. All attendants in the study filled in Rass adult attachment scale questionnaire and Lazarus coping strategies questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS-17 and student t-test. Results: In the IBS group the level of ambivalent (9.78±2.72) and avoidance (7.68±1.76) attachments were higher than the control group (8.1±2.65 and 6.56±1.82 respectively) (P<0.05). The most prevalent attachment style in control group was the secure style (11±3.89). There was a significant statistical difference between female of IBS group and control group regarding the mean±SD of coping strategies including: isolation (7.04±2.44, 5.9±1.95), self-control (9.62±2.39, 8.32±1.6), demanding social support (5.54±1.6, 6.92±2.42), evasion – avoidance (9.64±2.81, 6.8±1.37), solving the problem (8.2±1.85, 6.66±1.7), re-evaluation (16.2±1.81, 14.3±1.61) and taking responsibility (5.67±1.41, 4.5±1.58) (P<0.05). the direct coping strategy in IBS and control groups was 63.76±9.76 and 67.58±10.78. This difference was not significant. Conclusion: This study showed that in comparison to healthy female students, subjects with IBS use more ambivalent and avoidant attachment styles.
Khaleghi S, Talebi Taher M , Naghibi Ss, Naghibi Ss , Naghibi Sm,
Volume 15, Issue 3 (10-2013)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Antibiotical resistance to Helicobacter pylori reduced the eradication rates. This study was done to compare the sequential comparison of sequential and routine four drugs therapeutic regiments in Helicobacter pylori eradication. Materials and Methods: In this double blind clinical trial study 160 chronic dyspepsia patients randomly divided into 2 groups of sequential and routine four drugs therapeutic regiments. We performed invasive tests for H. pylori in patients who underwent gastroduodenoscopy. 160 patients who were diagnosed as H.pylori-positive by histological evaluation were selected for the trial. A 14-day sequential regimen (Omeprazole, Amoxicillin, each administered twice daily for the first 5 days, followed by Omprazole, Clarithromycin and Urazolidon, each administered twice daily for the remaining 9 days. 14-day 4 drug therapy, Omprazole, Clarithromycin, Amoxicillin and Bismoot each administered twice daily. 5 weeks after treatment urease breath test (UBT) was preformed. Results: The recovery was seen in 50.9% and 49.1% in sequential and routine four drugs theraputical treatment, respectively. The recovery of patient with severe H. pylori infection was non-significantly higher in sequential regiment (64.7%) than four drugs regiment (41.2%). In comparison to four drugs, sequential therapy was significantly more effective in patients with sever gastritis (87.5% vs. 25%, p<0.05). Conclusion: The eradication of H. pylori infection particularly in severe gastritis is preferred by sequential theraputical regiment.
Azarhoush R, Aghaii M,
Volume 15, Issue 3 (10-2013)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic and chronic disease. Anticitrulinated anticyclic antibody (Anti-CCP) and rheumatoid factor (RF) are applied for the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis. This study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic value of anticitrulinated cyclic antibody and rheumatoid factor in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Materials and Methods: This laboratory study was done on 238 affected RF patients and 152 RF symptom free subjects in Gorgan, Iran. Anti-CCP and RF were measured by ELISA and Latex agglutination. Results: Out of 238 patients with rheumatoid arthritis Anti-CCP test was positive in 196 patients, and the sensivity was 82%. In control group, Anti-CCP was positive in 5 cases, and the specificity for RA was 96%. RF test was positive in 206 patients and sensitivity for RF in rheumatoid factor was 86%. In control group, RF was positive in 28 cases and specificity was 81%. Positive RF and Anti-CCP (simultaneously) showed sensitivity as 89%. Conclusion: The specificity of CCP is higher than RF and therefore can be substituted as diagnosis of rheumatoid factor.
Habibi N, Marandi Sm ,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (12-2013)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common serious metabolic disorders. This study was done to determine the effect of 12-week yoga intervention on glucose, insulin and triglyceride serum levels in women with type II diabetes mellitus. Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, 26 women with Type II diabetes were divided into interventional (n=16) and control groups (n=10). Program of yoga exercise including: 75 minutes daily, three sessions in a week, and for 12 weeks. The level of glucose, insulin, leptin, HDL-C, LDL-C, triglyceride, total cholesterol were measured prior and post - training period. Results: The levels of glucose, insulin and triglycerides in the interventional group significantly reduced compared to control group following the training period (P<0.05). The level of leptin, HDL-C, LDL-C, total cholesterol was not significantly altered in intervention group in compare to controls. Conclusion: 12 weeks of yoga exercises can improve blood glucose, insulin and triglyceride in women with type II diabetes.
Vejdani M, Favaedi R, Ebrahimi A,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (12-2013)
Abstract

Helminthic infections were reported from tropical and subtropical locations in the world. The parasitic helminths develop and migrate to different organs. Unusual cases may afflict the gallbladder and the biliary tract. The parasites invade the bile ducts and cause inflammation, fibrotic lesions, acute and chronic cholecystitis. In this article, we reported three unusual cases of parasitic infection in Kermanshah, Iran. The worms were isolated from gallbladder and biliary tract. The specimens were diagnosed by macroscopic features and staining methods. Ascaris lumbricoides, Taenia saginata and adult type fasciola hepatica isolated from gall bladder and biliary duct. Cholecystectomy was done on all patients suffering from gall bladder inflammation and obstruction.
Mirmiran P, Bahadoran Z, Azizi F, Ejtahed Hs,
Volume 16, Issue 1 (3-2014)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Insulin resistance (IR) is one of the factors affecting dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes which increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. This study was done to determine the association of homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance with lipid profiles in type 2 diabetes. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 72 patients with type 2 diabetes in Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran during 2011. Anthropometric indces, fasting serum glucose, serum insulin and lipid profiles were measured and IR index and atherogenic lipid parameters were calculated. The mean of lipid profiles and parameters were compared across the IR tertiles. The association of homeostasis model assessment and insulin resistance in each tertile with lipid profiles was determined. Results: The mean±SD of IR index was 0.9±0.3, 2.1±0.4 and 4.4±1.6 in the 1th, 2th and 3th tertiles, respectively. In the 3th tertile, serum triglyceride and atherogenic lipid parameters were significantly high and serum HDL-C level was non-significantly low than normal reference range. IR index in the 2th and 3th tertiles was significantly related to serum Triglyceride (P<0.05). IR index in level of >2.8, was inversely associated with HDL-C and directly associated with atherogenic lipid parameter. Conclusion: There is association between Insulin resistance with lipid metabolic abnormality in type 2 diabetic patients.
Azami A, Maleki N, Tavosi Z,
Volume 16, Issue 1 (3-2014)
Abstract

Cogan's syndrome is a chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown cause affecting mostly young adults. Two main observation of the disease are bilateral interstitial keratitis and vestibuloauditory dysfunction. Association between Cogan's syndrome and systemic vasculitis as well as aortitis are exist. The diagnosis of the disease is based upon the presence of inflammatory eye disease and vestibuloauditory dysfunction . In this article, the classic Cogan's syndrome has been reported in a 47-year-old woman. Two months prior to admission, the patient had been suffering from headache, vertigo, nausea, vomiting, right leg claudication, musculoskeletal pains, bilateral hearing loss and blindness. Ophthalmologic examination revealed that visual acuity was 0.1 bilaterally and on slit lamp examination, there was a conjunctival hyperemia, bilateral cataract and interstitial keratitis. Pure tone audiogram (PTA) and auditory brain stem response (ABR) showed bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. The patient was initially treated with pulse intravenous methylprednisolone and was followed by oral prednisolone and cyclophosphamide, which in follow-up showed partial improvement.

Page 1 from 3    
First
Previous
1
 

مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 44 queries by YEKTAWEB 4657