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:: Volume 18, Issue 3 (10-2016) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2016, 18(3): 103-110 Back to browse issues page
Application of transtheoretical model to determination of smoking behavior
GR Sharifirad1 , AR Charkazi * 2, K Mirkarimi3 , NS Seyyedghasemi4 , H Shahnazi5 , F Hajili Davaji6 , AH Mirzaali6
1- Professor, Health Education and Promotion Department, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor, Environmental Health Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran. , charkazi@goums.ac.ir
3- Assistant Professor, Health Management and Social Development Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
4- M.Sc in Biostatistic, Public Health Department, School of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
5- Assistant Professor, Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
6- B.Sc Student of Public Health, Public Health Department, School of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
Abstract:   (8668 Views)

Background and Objective: Smoking is one of the important risk factors for many diseases and increases the premature death.Transtheoretical models is one of the behavioral models for behavior understanding specifically in addictive behaviors. This study was done to evaluate the application of transtheoretical model to determination of smoking behavior among smokers.

Methods: This descriptive - analytical study conducted on 450 male smokers in Gorgan, northern Iran during 2014. Data gathering instruments were Diclemente smoking stages of change, Velicer decisional balance and temptation, Prochaska processes of change measurements along Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependency.

Results: Based on the stages of changes, 39.1%, 13.8%, 42.4%, 2.7% and 2% of subjects were in precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action and maintenance stage, respectively. There was a significant relationship between stages of change with all transtheoretical model variables and nicotine dependency (P<0.05). Cons of smoking, self-reevaluation, self-liberation, and social liberation had the highest effect while helping relationship had the lowest effect.

Conclusion: Cons of smoking, self-reevaluation, self-liberation, and social liberation had the strongest predictors of smoking stages movement. Helping relationship had the lowest predictor of smoking stages movement.

Keywords: Smoking, Transtheoretical Model, Stages of change
Full-Text [PDF 255 kb] [English Abstract]   (14939 Downloads) |   |   Abstract (HTML)  (1054 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Health System
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Sharifirad G, Charkazi A, Mirkarimi K, Seyyedghasemi N, Shahnazi H, Hajili Davaji F et al . Application of transtheoretical model to determination of smoking behavior. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2016; 18 (3) :103-110
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-2843-en.html

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Volume 18, Issue 3 (10-2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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