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:: Volume 25, Issue 2 (7-2023) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2023, 25(2): 83-91 Back to browse issues page
Level of Heavy Metals in Muscles of Cynoglossus arel and Pomadasys kaakan Fishes in Boushehr Coastal Waters, North of the Persian Gulf
Mohammad Gholizadeh * 1, Ahmed Shadi2 , Ammar Maryam Abadi3 , Mahnaz Nemati4 , Venkatramanan Senapathi5 , Sivakumar Karthikeyan6
1- Associate Professor, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Gonbad Kavous University, Gonbad Kavous, Iran. , gholizade_mohammad@yahoo.com
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Biological Sciences and Technology, Faculty of Nano and Biological Sciences and Technology, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran.
3- M.Sc in Chemistry, Zayton Lian Branch Laboratory Complex, Bushehr, Iran.
4- Ph.D in Food Technology Division, School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia.
5- Assistant Professor, Department of Disaster Management, Alagappa University, Karaikudi – 630003, Tamil Nadu, India.
6- Ph.D Candidate in Geology, Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India.
Abstract:   (947 Views)

Background and Objective: Population growth and pollution caused by the discharge of all kinds of urban, industrial, and agricultural sewage, leachate from landfills, and surface water runoff cause an increase in pollution of water sources. The entry of heavy metals into the environment, especially aquatic ecosystems, due to entering the food chain and jeopardizing human health is one of the concerns of society. This study was conducted to determine the level of heavy metals in muscles of Cynoglossus arel and Pomadasys kaakan fishes in Boushehr coastal waters, north of the Persian Gulf.
Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on twenty pieces of Cynoglossus arel and twenty pieces of Pomadasys kaakan fishes take place from three coastal stations of Boushehr, north of the Persian Gulf, Iran during spring of 2022. The samples were randomly selected from the fish market. After preparation, bioassay, and digestion of fish muscle by concentrated nitric acid, the concentration of heavy metals including nickel, zinc, copper, lead, and cadmium (µg/g) in the muscle tissue was measured by ICP-OES device. The concentration of heavy metals in the fish muscle tissue for human consumption was compared with international standards (FAO, WHO, FDA, NHMRC, and UKMAFF). According to the method of the US Environmental Protection Agency for fish consumption, daily absorption estimates and heavy metal risk indicators were calculated.
Results: The risk potential index for both species was less than one. The daily and weekly absorption of Cynoglossus arel (zinc > copper > nickel > lead > cadmium) and Pomadasys kaakan (copper > zinc > nickel > lead > cadmium) were determined. The mean concentration of heavy metals nickel, zinc, copper, lead, and cadmium in the muscle tissue of the studied species was determined to be 1.88±0.07, 27.16±8.11, 11.55±4.12, 1.14±0.06, and 0.19±0.03 µg/g, respectively. The highest amounts of studied metals in aquatic animals were zinc > copper > nickel > lead > cadmium. The concentration of metals in the analyzed samples was lower than the international standards.
Conclusion: Regarding toxicity, the concentration of metals in Cynoglossus arel and Pomadasys kaakan was evaluated as acceptable for human consumption. In addition, the amount of risk potential and risk index for non-cancerous diseases in adults and children in fish muscle tissue was less than 1, and the consumption of this fish does not cause any problems for human health.
 

Keywords: Fishes [MeSH], Heavy Metals [MeSH], Persian Gulf , Iran [MeSH]
Article ID: Vol25-25
Full-Text [PDF 818 kb]   (1325 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Environmental Health
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Gholizadeh M, Shadi A, Maryam Abadi A, Nemati M, Senapathi V, Karthikeyan S. Level of Heavy Metals in Muscles of Cynoglossus arel and Pomadasys kaakan Fishes in Boushehr Coastal Waters, North of the Persian Gulf. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2023; 25 (2) :83-91
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-4247-en.html


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Volume 25, Issue 2 (7-2023) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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