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:: Volume 25, Issue 2 (7-2023) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2023, 25(2): 69-74 Back to browse issues page
Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Nutritional Performance of Male Bodybuilding Athletes
Hengameh Ahmadi1 , Arman Eslami1 , Mohammad Reza Honarvar2 , Amrollah Sharifi * 3
1- B.Sc in Nutrition Sciences, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor in Nutritional Sciences, Health Management and Social Development Research Center, Faculty of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor in Nutritional Sciences, Gastroenterology and Hepatology Research Center, Faculty of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran and Assistant Professor in Nutritional Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Medicine, Nutrition Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. , a.sharifi1983@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1773 Views)

Background and Objective: Nutritional knowledge can affect food choices and, as a result, sports performance. The study of nutritional knowledge, attitude, and performance in athletes can play a fundamental role in choosing the type of training and adapting suitable dietary interventions. This study was done to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and nutritional performance of male bodybuilding athletes in Gorgan, Iran.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was done on 104 male bodybuilding athletes over 18 years old with a history of at least three months of continuous bodybuilding who were randomly selected from 13 bodybuilding clubs in Gorgan, Iran during 2020. Parmenter and Wardle’s standard questionnaire measured athletes’ nutritional knowledge, attitude, and performance. The questionnaire was completed by the athletes with the guidance of the researcher. A trained nutritionist collected anthropometric and body composition data using an Omron BF511 device.
Results: Poor nutritional knowledge, poor dietary attitude and poor nutritional performance was observed in 67.3%, 33.65% and 77.88% of the athletes respectively. A significant correlation was observed between nutritional knowledge with weight (r=0.23, P=0.02), BMI (r=0.27, P=0.01), and body fat percentage (r=0.22, P=0.02). Also A significant correlation was determined between nutritional performance with body weight (r=0.31, P<0.001), BMI (r=0.27, P<0.001), exercise time per week (r=0.22, P=0.02), and exercise timespan (r=0.32, P<0.001).
Conclusion: The level of knowledge, attitude, and nutritional performance of bodybuilding athletes was weak.

Keywords: Knowledge [MeSH], Attitudes [MeSH], Sports Nutritional Sciences [MeSH], Athletes [MeSH], Anthropometry [MeSH], Body Composition [MeSH]
Article ID: Vol25-23
Full-Text [PDF 593 kb]   (2203 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Nutrition
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Ahmadi H, Eslami A, Honarvar M R, Sharifi A. Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Nutritional Performance of Male Bodybuilding Athletes. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2023; 25 (2) :69-74
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-4239-en.html


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Volume 25, Issue 2 (7-2023) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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