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:: Volume 25, Issue 1 (3-2023) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2023, 25(1): 85-91 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between Childbirth Self-Efficacy and Maternal Attachment to the Fetus among Nulliparous Pregnant Women
Mahsima Banaei Heravan *
* Corresponding Author, Academic Instructor, Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran. , banaeihm@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1544 Views)
Background and Objective: Vaginal delivery is a natural physiological process that can be a critical experience for women. One of the factors involved in avoiding vaginal delivery is childbirth self-efficacy. Self-efficacy affects all aspects of behavior and emotional activities, including attachment. This study aimed to determine the relationship between childbirth self-efficacy and maternal attachment to the fetus in nulliparous pregnant women.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 323 nulliparous pregnant women who attended health centers in Zahedan city from 2020-2021. Data were collected using participants’ demographic questionnaire, Lowe’s childbirth self-efficacy questionnaire, and Cranely’s maternal attachment to the fetus questionnaire.
Results: Maternal attachment style to the fetus showed a significant direct correlation with childbirth self-efficacy. Maternal attachment style to the fetus predicted childbirth self-efficacy (P=0.003, r=0.16), explaining 2.7% of the variance of childbirth self-efficacy.
Conclusion: The results suggest that helping mothers accept their motherly role and improving maternal attachment to the fetus can increase childbirth self-efficacy. Educational programs during pregnancy should include training related to strengthening maternal attachment to the fetus. As women with high childbirth self-efficacy have a greater ability to perform vaginal delivery, it may increase their desire for vaginal delivery.
Keywords: Self-Efficacy [MeSH], Delivery [MeSH], Mothers [MeSH], Fetus [MeSH]
Article ID: Vol25-11
Full-Text [PDF 589 kb]   (4046 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Health System
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Banaei Heravan M. Relationship between Childbirth Self-Efficacy and Maternal Attachment to the Fetus among Nulliparous Pregnant Women. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2023; 25 (1) :85-91
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-4166-en.html

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Volume 25, Issue 1 (3-2023) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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