[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Editorial Board::
Executive Members::
Articles Archive::
Instruction to Authors::
Peer-Review::
Contact Us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 24, Issue 2 (7-2022) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2022, 24(2): 69-74 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of Suicidal Ideation and its Relationship with Depression and General Health Status of Patients Referred to Addiction Treatment Centers in Iran (2017)
Afshin Naghizadeh * 1, Mehran Zarghami2 , Ensiyeh Babaie3 , Hoda Rezaei Roshan4 , Habibolah Khazaie5 , Mojtaba Yassini Ardekani6 , Nour Mohammad Bakhshani7 , Ali Sahraian8 , Majid Torabi Yingjeh9 , Seyed Ataullah Aghilian10
1- Psychiatrist, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Department of Psychiatry, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. , afshin.naghizadeh011@gmail.com
2- Professor of Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Department of Psychiatry, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
4- Ph.D in Sociology of Economics and Development.
5- Professor, Sleep Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Health, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
6- Professor, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Taft Psychiatry Hospital, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
7- Professor, Children and Adolescents Health Research Center, Research Institute of Cellular and Molecular Sciences in Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
8- Professor, Research Center for Psychiatry and Behavior Science, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Ebnesina Hospital, Hafez Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
9- Psychiatrists, Tabriz, Iran.
10- Psychiatrists, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:   (1604 Views)
Background and Objective: Most people who commit suicide suffer from psychiatric disorders, especially depression and substance-related disorders. However, major psychiatric disorders are not the sole risk factor for suicide, and other reasons, such as physical illness, may also be considered as an important factor for suicide ideation. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of suicidal ideation and its relationship with depression and the general health status of patients referred to addiction treatment centers in Iran.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 689 patients referred to addiction treatment centers in Yazd, Khorasan Razavi, Mazandaran, Sistan and Baluchistan, Fars, East Azarbaijan, and Kermanshah Provinces who were undergoing maintenance treatment with methadone in 2017. In this multicenter study, the subjects were selected by two-stage sampling; in the first stage, seven provinces (clusters) were randomly selected, and in the second stage, the patients from the selected provinces were enrolled via convenience sampling. The instruments used in this study included the General Health Questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Beck Suicide Idea Scale.
Results: Of 689 patients, 218 (31.6%) had suicidal ideation. 21.91% (151 cases) of subjects had history of attempted to suicide. There was a significant relationship between suicidal ideation, depression, and general health status and its dimensions including physical symptoms, anxiety and sleep disorders, social functioning, and depression (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Suicidal ideation is present in one-third of the people who refer to addiction treatment centers in Iran. Depression and poor general health are major contributors to suicidal ideation.
 
Keywords: Suicidal Ideation [MeSH], Depression [MeSH], Health Status [MeSH]
Article ID: Vol24-24
Full-Text [PDF 374 kb]   (8666 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Psychiatry
References
1. Fortinash KM, Holoday Worret PA. Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing. 5th ed. New York: Mosby: 2011; p: 502.
2. Groleger U, Tomori M, Kocmur M. Suicidal ideation in adolescence--an indicator of actual risk? Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci. 2003; 40(3): 202-8. [PubMed]
3. Sadock BJ, Sadock VA, Ruiz P. Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry: Behavioral Sciences/Clinical Psychiatry. 11st ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2015; p: 10.
4. Ghoreishi SA, Mousavinasab N. [Systematic Review of Researches on Suicide and Suicide Attempt in Iran]. Iran J Psychiatry & Clin Psychol. 2008; 14(2): 115-21. [Article in Persian] [View at Publisher]
5. Youssef NA, Rich CL. Does acute treatment with sedatives/hypnotics for anxiety in depressed patients affect suicide risk? A literature review. Ann Clin Psychiatry. 2008 Jul-Sep; 20(3): 157-69. DOI: 10.1080/10401230802177698 [DOI] [PubMed]
6. Dragisic T, Dickov A, Dickov V, Mijatovic V. Drug Addiction as Risk for Suicide Attempts. Mater Sociomed. 2015 Jun; 27(3): 188-91. DOI: 10.5455/msm.2015.27.188-191 [DOI] [PubMed]
7. Zhang X, Xu H, Gu J, Lau JT, Hao C, Zhao Y, et al. Depression, suicidal ideation, and related factors of methadone maintenance treatment users in Guangzhou, China. AIDS Care. 2016 Jul; 28(7): 851-56. DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1124981 [DOI] [PubMed]
8. Nosratabadi M, Halvaiepour Z. [Explaining Suicide Ideation Based on Drug Abuse and Depression in Soldiers of Aja University of Medical Science]. J Mil Med. 2016; 17(4): 249-55. [Article in Persian] [View at Publisher]
9. Morita N, Kouda M, Umeno M, Ikeda T, Yabe Y, Endo K, et al. [Study on risk factors of suicidal ideation in people with drug abuse]. Nihon Arukoru Yakubutsu Igakkai Zasshi. 2012 Feb; 47(1): 24-38. [Article in Japanese] [PubMed]
10. Bohnert AS, Roeder KM, Ilgen MA. Suicide attempts and overdoses among adults entering addictions treatment: Comparing correlates in a U.S. national study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2011; 119(21-2): 106-12. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.05.032 [Article] [DOI]
11. Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Kazem M. [The Validation of General Health Questionnaire- 28 as a Psychiatric Screening Tool]. Hakim Health Systems Research Journal. 2009; 11(4): 47-53. [Article in Persian] [Article]
12. Stefan-Dabson K, Mohammadkhani P, Massah-Choulabi O. [Psychometrics Characteristic of Beck Depression Inventory-II in Patients with Magor Depressive Disorder]. Arch Rehabil. 2007; 8: 80-86. [Article in Persian] [View at Publisher]
13. Anisi J, Fathi-Ashtiani A, Soltani Nejad A, Amiri M. [Prevalence of Suicidal Ideation in Soldiers and its Associated Factors]. J Mil Med. 2006; 8(2): 113-18. [Article in Persian] [View at Publisher]
14. Sokero TP, Melartin TK, Rytsälä HJ, Leskelä US, Lestelä-Mielonen PS, Isometsä ET. Suicidal ideation and attempts among psychiatric patients with major depressive disorder. J Clin Psychiatry. 2003 Sep; 64(9): 1094-100. DOI: 10.4088/jcp.v64n0916 [DOI] [PubMed]
15. Fadaee Z. [Path analysis of locus of control, symptoms of depression and suicidal ideation on academic achievement: The role of gender as moderator]. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health. 2011; 13(50): 59-148. DOI: 10.22038/jfmh.2011.1015 [Article in Persian] [View at Publisher] [DOI]
16. Zare H, Nazer M, Sayyadi A. [Frequency of Mental Disorders and Factors Related to Suicide in Patients Referring to Emergency Ward of Ali Ebne Abitaleb Hospital of Rafsanjan in 2007]. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci. 2010; 9(3): 221-32. [Article in Persian] [View at Publisher]
17. Thapar A, Collishaw S, Pine DS, Thapar AK. Depression in adolescence. Lancet. 2012 Mar; 379(9820): 1056-67. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60871-4 [DOI] [PubMed]
18. Chatripor F, Kikhavani S, Seidkhaninahal A. [Depression Among the Suicide Committed Comparison Between Suicidal Thoughts and Depression Among the Suicide Committed and Healthy Individuals Among Ilam Province People Between 2011 and 2012]. J Ilam Univ Med Sci. 2013; 21(1): 47-53. [Article in Persian] [View at Publisher]
Send email to the article author


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Naghizadeh A, Zarghami M, Babaie E, Rezaei Roshan H, Khazaie H, Yassini Ardekani M, et al . Prevalence of Suicidal Ideation and its Relationship with Depression and General Health Status of Patients Referred to Addiction Treatment Centers in Iran (2017). J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2022; 24 (2) :69-74
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-4005-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 24, Issue 2 (7-2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 36 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652