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:: Volume 24, Issue 2 (7-2022) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2022, 24(2): 69-74 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of Suicidal Ideation and its Relationship with Depression and General Health Status of Patients Referred to Addiction Treatment Centers in Iran (2017)
Afshin Naghizadeh * 1, Mehran Zarghami2 , Ensiyeh Babaie3 , Hoda Rezaei Roshan4 , Habibolah Khazaie5 , Mojtaba Yassini Ardekani6 , Nour Mohammad Bakhshani7 , Ali Sahraian8 , Majid Torabi Yingjeh9 , Seyed Ataullah Aghilian10
1- Psychiatrist, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Department of Psychiatry, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. , afshin.naghizadeh011@gmail.com
2- Professor of Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Department of Psychiatry, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
4- Ph.D in Sociology of Economics and Development.
5- Professor, Sleep Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Health, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
6- Professor, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Taft Psychiatry Hospital, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
7- Professor, Children and Adolescents Health Research Center, Research Institute of Cellular and Molecular Sciences in Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
8- Professor, Research Center for Psychiatry and Behavior Science, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Ebnesina Hospital, Hafez Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
9- Psychiatrists, Tabriz, Iran.
10- Psychiatrists, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:   (1604 Views)
Background and Objective: Most people who commit suicide suffer from psychiatric disorders, especially depression and substance-related disorders. However, major psychiatric disorders are not the sole risk factor for suicide, and other reasons, such as physical illness, may also be considered as an important factor for suicide ideation. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of suicidal ideation and its relationship with depression and the general health status of patients referred to addiction treatment centers in Iran.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 689 patients referred to addiction treatment centers in Yazd, Khorasan Razavi, Mazandaran, Sistan and Baluchistan, Fars, East Azarbaijan, and Kermanshah Provinces who were undergoing maintenance treatment with methadone in 2017. In this multicenter study, the subjects were selected by two-stage sampling; in the first stage, seven provinces (clusters) were randomly selected, and in the second stage, the patients from the selected provinces were enrolled via convenience sampling. The instruments used in this study included the General Health Questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Beck Suicide Idea Scale.
Results: Of 689 patients, 218 (31.6%) had suicidal ideation. 21.91% (151 cases) of subjects had history of attempted to suicide. There was a significant relationship between suicidal ideation, depression, and general health status and its dimensions including physical symptoms, anxiety and sleep disorders, social functioning, and depression (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Suicidal ideation is present in one-third of the people who refer to addiction treatment centers in Iran. Depression and poor general health are major contributors to suicidal ideation.
Keywords: Suicidal Ideation [MeSH], Depression [MeSH], Health Status [MeSH]
Article ID: Vol24-24
Full-Text [PDF 374 kb]   (8666 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Psychiatry
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Naghizadeh A, Zarghami M, Babaie E, Rezaei Roshan H, Khazaie H, Yassini Ardekani M, et al . Prevalence of Suicidal Ideation and its Relationship with Depression and General Health Status of Patients Referred to Addiction Treatment Centers in Iran (2017). J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2022; 24 (2) :69-74
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Volume 24, Issue 2 (7-2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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