[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Editorial Board::
Executive Members::
Articles Archive::
Instruction to Authors::
Contact Us::
Site Facilities::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 23, Issue 2 (7-2021) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2021, 23(2): 84-89 Back to browse issues page
Prevalency of foreign body aspiration in children under 10 year's olds in Gorgan, North of Iran (2016-17)
Lobat Shahkar * 1, Laden Rezaei2 , Ali Ahani Azari3
1- Pediatric Pulmonologist, Asisstant Professor, Children`s Health Research Center, Taleghani Hospital, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran. , lobatshahkar@yahoo.com
2- Heart Ressident, Shahid Rajaii Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Anesthesiologist, Dr Mosavi Hospital, Gorgan, Iran.
Abstract:   (5531 Views)
Background and Objective: Foreign body aspiration is the cause of death in 7% of children under two year’s olds. Children’ molars teeth do not erupt and under devedoled ability to swallow food and generally likely to be distracted, playing or ambulatory while eating. This study was performed to determine the frequency of foreign body aspiration in children under ten years old in north of Iran.
Methods: This descriptive study was done on 50 children (21 boys, 29 girls) less than ten years old with the final detection of foreign body aspiration hospitalized in Taleghani hospital in Gorgan, north of Iran during 2016-17. Demographic characteristics, results of physical examination, radiography and bronchoscopy recorded in the file and the radiology report was collected by a pulmonologist and radiologist.
Results: The common age of foreign body aspiration was between 1-3 years (58%) followed by over 3 years (24%) and under 1 years old (18%). Symptoms of patients with foreign body aspiration were including cough (64%), rhonchi (52%), respiratory distress (32%), wheezing (32%), choking (30%). Common physical examination findings were wheezing (40%), unilateral pulmonary sound (34%), stridor (20%), and rhonchi (6%). The most common findings in Chest X-Rays were unilateral air trapping (48%) in right lung, left mediastan shift (30%), right lung atelectasia (20%), pneumonia (16%). Just in one case (2%) was found the body of radio opac in right lung and in 32% of cases, the graghs were normal. In 70% of patients less 24 hours, in 26% between 1-15 Dayes and in 4% of cases more than 15 Dayes were taken to medical centers. The most common foreign body was nuts (32%) followed by plastic objects (26%), aspiration by sunflower seeds (14%) and beens (10%) and other foreign objects (18%).
Conclusion: The most common clinical signs of foreign body aspiration were cough, wheezing and right lung pneumonia.

Keywords: Aspiration [MeSH], Foreign Bodies [MeSH], Child [MeSH]
Article ID: Vol23-30
Full-Text [PDF 808 kb]   (10179 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Pediatric
1. Fitzpatrick PC, Guarisco JL. Pediatric airway foreign bodies. J La State Med Soc. 1998 Apr; 150(4): 138-41. [PubMed]
2. Limper AH, Prakash UB. Tracheobronchial foreign bodies in adults. Ann Intern Med. 1990 Apr; 112(8): 604-9. DOI: 10.7326/0003-4819-112-8-604 [DOI] [PubMed]
3. Farzizadeh M, Hashemian H, Atrkar-Roshan Z. [Clinical and radiographic findings in children with foreign body aspiration admitted to 17- Shahrivar hospital in Rasht during 1996-2008]. Feyz. 2013; 17(5): 495-500. [Article in Persian] [View at Publisher]
4. Kliegman RM, St Geme III JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM. Nelson textbook of pediatrics. 21st ed. Elsevier. 2020; pp: 2211-12.
5. Aihole JS, Babu NM, Deepak J, Jadhav V. Airway foreign bodies: our six years’ experience with 301 cases. Int J Contemp Pediatr. 2016; 3(1): 64-69. DOI: 10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20160059 [View at Publisher] [DOI]
6. Bizhga M, Nini B, Thomai K. Foreign bodies in airways in children in Albania. Ten years data. European Respiratory Journal. 2016; 48: PA3148. DOI: 10.1183/13993003.congress-2016.PA3148 [View at Publisher] [DOI]
7. Dar NH, Patigaroo SA, Hussain T. Foreign body inhalation in children: clinical presentations and x-ray chest findings. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(11): 2274-78. DOI: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.22042016446 [View at Publisher] [DOI]
8. Kang SH, Bae KS, Bang KW, Kim HS, Chun YH, Yoon JS, et al. [Foreign body aspiration in 48 children: clinical manifestations and outcomes]. Allergy Asthma Respir Dis. 2016 Mar; 4(2): 107-13. DOI: 10.4168/aard.2016.4.2.107 [Article in Korean] [View at Publisher] [DOI]
9. Ciftci AO, Bingöl-Koloğlu M, Senocak ME, Tanyel FC, Büyükpamukçu N. Bronchoscopy for evaluation of foreign body aspiration in children. J Pediatr Surg. 2003 Aug; 38(8): 1170-6. DOI: 10.1016/s0022-3468(03)00263-x [DOI] [PubMed]
10. Kaur K, Sonkhya N, Bapna AS. Foreign bodies in the tracheobronchial tree: A prospective study of fifty cases. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002 Jan; 54(1): 30-34. DOI: 10.1007/BF02911002 [DOI] [PubMed]
11. Baran A, Sherzad H, Saeed S, Kakamad FH, Hamawandi AMH. Tracheobronchial Foreign Bodies in Children: The Role of Emergency Rigid Bronchoscopy. Glob Pediatr Health. 2017; 4: 2333794X17743663. DOI: 10.1177%2F2333794X17743663 [DOI] [PubMed]
12. Gordon L, Nowik P, Mobini Kesheh S, Lidegran M, Diaz. S. Diagnosis of foreign body aspiration with ultralow-dose CT using a tin filter: a comparison study. Emerg Radiol. 2020 Aug; 27(4): 399-404. DOI: 10.1007/s10140-020-01764-7 [DOI] [PubMed]
Send email to the article author

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Shahkar L, Rezaei L, Ahani Azari A. Prevalency of foreign body aspiration in children under 10 year's olds in Gorgan, North of Iran (2016-17). J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2021; 23 (2) :84-89
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3882-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 23, Issue 2 (7-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 36 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652