[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Editorial Board::
Executive Members::
Articles Archive::
Instruction to Authors::
Contact Us::
Site Facilities::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 24, Issue 2 (7-2022) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2022, 24(2): 24-30 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Simple and Sensor Thoracolumbosacral Braces on Electromyography Activity of Selected Muscles in Patients with Kyphosis during Running
Amir Ali Jafarnezhadgero * 1, Milad Piran Hamlabadi2
1- Associate Professor, Department of Sport Managements and Biomechanics, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran. , amiralijafarnezhad@gmail.com
2- Ph.D Candidate in Sport Managements, Department of Sport Management and Biomechanics, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
Abstract:   (1489 Views)
Background and Objective: The use of lumbar braces affects kinetics and kinematics. This study evaluated the effects of two types of simple and sensor thoracolumbosacral braces on electromyography activity of selected muscles in patients with kyphosis during running.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed on 15 males with kyphosis. The subjects performed a running task in three conditions: without braces, with simple braces, and with sensor braces. An 8-channel wireless electromyography system was used to record the activity of the muscles of the lower back and lower limbs during running.
Results: There was no significant difference between the tested conditions in response to loading, middle support and swing; however, during push-off, the median frequency of the gastrocnemius muscle was greater when running with a simple brace compared with running without brace (P<0.05). In addition, the median frequency of the semitendinosus muscle was significantly higher while running with sensor brace compared with simple brace (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Using brace, especially sensor brace, can improve muscle activities in patients with kyphosis.

Keywords: Kyphosis [MeSH], Thoracolumbar [MeSH], Brace [MeSH], Electromyography [MeSH], Running [MeSH]
Article ID: Vol24-18
Full-Text [PDF 691 kb]   (8589 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Sports pathology and corrective movements
1. Harris C, Straker L. Survey of physical ergonomics issues associated with school childrens’ use of laptop computers. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. 2000; 26(3): 337-46. DOI: 10.1016/S0169-8141(00)00009-3 [Article] [DOI]
2. Miyakoshi N, Itoi E, Kobayashi M, Kodama H. Impact of postural deformities and spinal mobility on quality of life in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Osteoporos Int. 2003 Dec; 14(12): 1007-12. DOI: 10.1007/s00198-003-1510-4 [DOI] [PubMed]
3. Alizadeh M, Gharakhanloo R, Daneshmandi H. [Corrective and therapeutic exercise]. Tehran: Allameh Tabatabaei Publications. 2004; pp: 44-53 [Persian]
4. Bartynski WS, Heller MT, Grahovac SZ, Rothfus WE, Kurs-Lasky M. Severe thoracic kyphosis in the older patient in the absence of vertebral fracture: association of extreme curve with age. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 Sep; 26(8): 2077-85. [PubMed]
5. Yasuoka S, Peterson HA, MacCarty CS. Incidence of spinal column deformity after multilevel laminectomy in children and adults. J Neurosurg. 1982 Oct; 57(4): 441-45. DOI: 10.3171/jns.1982.57.4.0441 [DOI] [PubMed]
6. Hazebroek-Kampschreur AA, Hofman A, van Dijk AP, van Linge B. Prevalence of trunk abnormalities in eleven-year-old schoolchildren in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. J Pediatr Orthop. 1992 Jul-Aug; 12(4): 480-84. DOI: 10.1097/01241398-199207000-00012 [DOI] [PubMed]
7. Griegel-Morris P, Larson K, Mueller-Klaus K, Oatis CA. Incidence of common postural abnormalities in the cervical, shoulder, and thoracic regions and their association with pain in two age groups of healthy subjects. Phys Ther. 1992 Jun; 72(6): 425-31. DOI: 10.1093/ptj/72.6.425 [DOI] [PubMed]
8. Cutler WB, Friedmann E, Genovese-Stone E. Prevalence of kyphosis in a healthy sample of pre- and postmenopausal women. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1993 Aug; 72(4): 219-25. DOI: 10.1097/00002060-199308000-00009 [DOI] [PubMed]
9. Tribus CB. Scheuermann's kyphosis in adolescents and adults: diagnosis and management. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 1998 Jan-Feb; 6(1): 36-43. DOI: 10.5435/00124635-199801000-00004 [DOI] [PubMed]
10. Philippe M. Scoliose idiopathique: kinésithérapie sous orthese et complication. Reson Eur Rachis. 2005; 13(41): 1692-93. [Article]
11. Bradford DS, Moe JH, Montalvo FJ, Winter RB. Scheuermann's kyphosis and roundback deformity. Results of Milwaukee brace treatment. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1974 Jun; 56(4): 740-58. [PubMed]
12. Climent JM, Sánchez J. Impact of the type of brace on the quality of life of Adolescents with Spine Deformities. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1999 Sep; 24(18): 1903-8. DOI: 10.1097/00007632-199909150-00007 [DOI] [PubMed]
13. Weiss HR, Turnbull D, Bohr S. Brace treatment for patients with Scheuermann's disease - a review of the literature and first experiences with a new brace design. Scoliosis. 2009 Sep; 4: 22. DOI: 10.1186/1748-7161-4-22 [DOI] [PubMed]
14. Howard A, Wright JG, Hedden D. A comparative study of TLSO, Charleston, and Milwaukee braces for idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1998 Nov; 23(22): 2404-11. DOI: 10.1097/00007632-199811150-00009 [DOI] [PubMed]
15. Udén A, Willner S, Pettersson H. Initial correction with the Boston Thoracic Brace. Acta Orthop Scand. 1982 Dec; 53(6): 907-11. DOI: 10.3109/17453678208992847 [DOI] [PubMed]
16. Dutton M. Dutton's Orthopaedic Examination, Evaluation, and Intervention: Vertebral Column. Chap 22. 3rd ed. McGraw-Hill Education. 2012.
17. Mohamed O, Perry J, Hislop H. Relationship between wire EMG activity, muscle length, and torque of the hamstrings. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2002 Oct; 17(8): 569-79. DOI: 10.1016/s0268-0033(02)00070-0 [DOI] [PubMed]
18. Faul F, Erdfelder E, Lang AG, Buchner A. G*Power 3: a flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behav Res Methods. 2007 May; 39(2): 175-91. DOI: 10.3758/bf03193146 [DOI] [PubMed]
19. Daneshmandi H, Sardar M, Taghizadeh M. [The effect of exercises program on lumbar lordosis]. 2005. Research on Sport Science. 2005; 3(8): 91-103. [Article in Persian] [DOI]
20. Page P, Frank CC, Lardner R. Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance: The Janda Approach. 1st ed. Champaign: Human Kinetics. 2009; pp: 62-71.
21. Hermens HJ, Freriks B, Disselhorst-Klug C, Rau G. Development of recommendations for SEMG sensors and sensor placement procedures. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2000 Oct; 10(5): 361-74. DOI: 10.1016/s1050-6411(00)00027-4 [DOI] [PubMed]
22. Farahpour N, Jafarnezhad A, Damavandi M, Bakhtiari A, Allard P. Gait ground reaction force characteristics of low back pain patients with pronated foot and able-bodied individuals with and without foot pronation. J Biomech. 2016 Jun; 49(9): 1705-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2016.03.056 [DOI] [PubMed]
23. Piran Haml Abadi M, Jafarnezhadgero A, Anoushirvani S. A preliminary design of new corrective and wireless thoracolumbar bracing for individuals with functional thoracolumbar kyphosis. Journal of Advanced Sport Technology. 2019; 3(1): 33-36. [View at Publisher]
24. Wenger DR, Frick SL. Scheuermann kyphosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1999 Dec; 24(24): 2630-39. DOI: 10.1097/00007632-199912150-00010 [DOI] [PubMed]
25. Morris ME, McGinley J, Huxham F, Collier J, Iansek R. Constraints on the kinetic, kinematic and spatiotemporal parameters of gait in Parkinson's disease. Human Movement Science. 1999 Jun; 18(2-3): 461-83. DOI: 10.1016/S0167-9457(99)00020-2 [Article] [DOI]
26. Nachemson A, Schultz A, Andersson G. Mechanical effectiveness studies of lumbar spine orthoses. Scand J Rehabil Med Suppl. 1983; 9: 139-49. [PubMed]
27. Cholewicki J, Lee AS, Peter Reeves N, Morrisette DC. Comparison of trunk stiffness provided by different design characteristics of lumbosacral orthoses. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2010 Feb; 25(2): 110-14. DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2009.10.010 [DOI] [PubMed]
28. van Poppel MN, de Looze MP, Koes BW, Smid T, Bouter LM. Mechanisms of action of lumbar supports: a systematic review. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Aug; 25(16): 2103-13. DOI: 10.1097/00007632-200008150-00016 [DOI] [PubMed]
29. Odermatt D, Mathieu PA, Beauséjour M, Labelle H, Aubin CE. Electromyography of scoliotic patients treated with a brace. J Orthop Res. 2003 Sep; 21(5): 931-36. DOI: 10.1016/S0736-0266(03)00038-X [DOI] [PubMed]
30. Mahaudens P, Banse X, Detrembleur C. Effects of short-term brace wearing on the pendulum-like mechanism of walking in healthy subjects. Gait Posture. 2008 Nov; 28(4): 703-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2008.04.009 [DOI] [PubMed]
31. Jorgensen M, Marras W. The effect of lumbar back support tension on trunk muscle activity. Clinical Biomechanics. 2000 May; 15(4): 292-94. DOI: 10.1016/S0268-0033(99)00067-4 [Article] [DOI]
32. Mahaudens P, Banse X, Mousny M, Raison M, Detrembleur C. Very short-term effect of brace wearing on gait in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis girls. Eur Spine J. 2013 Nov; 22(11): 2399-406. DOI: 10.1007/s00586-013-2837-y [DOI] [PubMed]
33. Cholewicki J, Shah KR, McGill KC. The effects of a 3-week use of lumbosacral orthoses on proprioception in the lumbar spine. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2006 Apr; 36(4): 225-31. DOI: 10.2519/jospt.2006.36.4.225 [DOI] [PubMed]
34. Bailey CS, Urquhart JC, Dvorak MF, Nadeau M, Boyd MC, Thomas KC, et al. Orthosis versus no orthosis for the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurologic injury: a multicenter prospective randomized equivalence trial. Spine J. 2014 Nov; 14(11): 2557-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.spinee.2013.10.017 [DOI] [PubMed]
35. Khor CC, Do T, Jia H, Nakano M, George R, Abu-Amero K, et al. Genome-wide association study identifies five new susceptibility loci for primary angle closure glaucoma. Nat Genet. 2016 May; 48(5): 556-62. DOI: 10.1038/ng.3540 [DOI] [PubMed]
Send email to the article author

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jafarnezhadgero A A, Piran Hamlabadi M. Effect of Simple and Sensor Thoracolumbosacral Braces on Electromyography Activity of Selected Muscles in Patients with Kyphosis during Running. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2022; 24 (2) :24-30
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3881-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 24, Issue 2 (7-2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 36 queries by YEKTAWEB 4657