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:: Volume 22, Issue 2 (6-2020) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2020, 22(2): 104-109 Back to browse issues page
Etiologic factors of Candida vulvovaginitis in pregnant women
Sousan Mohammadi1 , Fatemeh Keshavarzi * 2, Behnaz Manouchehri3 , Fariba Lahoorpour4 , Mohammad Raza Javaheri5
1- M.Sc in Microbiology, Department of Biology, Kurdistan Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Biology, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran , fkeshavarzi@iausdj.ac.ir
3- Midwifer, Academic Instrcrutor, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Paramedical, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
5- M.Sc in Medical Mycology, Department of Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (5225 Views)
Background and Objective: Candida species are the second most common cause of vaginitis in worldwide after bacterial agents. This study was performed to determine the etiological factors of Candida vulvovaginitis in pregnant women.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study, was performed on 100 pregnant women with vaginal discomfort that referring to gynecologic and obstetric clinics of the Sanandaj Social Security Hospital, Kurdistan province, Iran during 2016. After obtaining informed consent and collecting background information using a questionnaire, the patients were examined by a specialist physician and samples were collected. Identification of isolates was done based on colony color and also using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method.
Results: Candida vulvovaginitis was seen in 29% of women. Candida albicans were the most common cause of the disease (86.2%) followed by Candida paraposilosis (10.43%) and Candida glabrat (45.3%) . There was no significant relationship between diabetes and candida vulvovaginitis. There was a significant relationship between the history of antibiotic usage, age over 35 and third trimester of pregnancy with Candida vulvaginitis (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The prevalence of Candida vulvovaginal candidiasis was 29% and Candida Albicans was the most common cause of the disease.
Keywords: Candida Vulvovaginitis [MeSH], Candida albicans [MeSH], Pregnancy [MeSH], PCR-RFLP [MeSH]
Article ID: Vol22-29
Full-Text [PDF 232 kb]   (10712 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Short Communication | Subject: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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Mohammadi S, Keshavarzi F, Manouchehri B, Lahoorpour F, Javaheri M R. Etiologic factors of Candida vulvovaginitis in pregnant women. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2020; 22 (2) :104-109
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3605-en.html

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Volume 22, Issue 2 (6-2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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