[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Editorial Board::
Executive Members::
Articles Archive::
Instruction to Authors::
Contact Us::
Site Facilities::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 21, Issue 4 (12-2019) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2019, 21(4): 29-38 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the effect of high-intensity interval training and futsal training on some of the factors of physical fitness, quality of life and negative symptoms in patients with paranoid schizophrenia: A clinical trial study
Amin Anami1 , Marzieh Nazari2 , Ramin Shabani * 3
1- M.A in Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
2- Ph.D Candidate in Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran , shabani_msn@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7959 Views)
Background and Objective: Schizophrenia is a chronic disease associated with considerable impairments to personal life and social functions. Since exercise plays an important role in these problems, this study was done to compare the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and futsal training on body composition, physical fitness, life quality, and negative symptoms in schizophrenics.
Methods: This clinical trial was performed on 42 male patients with paranoid schizophrenia in Rasht Medical Center in north of Iran during 2017. Patients were randomly assigned into three groups of HIIT (n=15), futsal (n=12) and control (n=15) groups. Data were collected before and after 8 weeks of training using quality of life questionnaire, negative symptoms assessment and some factors of physical fitness tests. HIIT program (high-intensity interval training: HIIT) was held three sessions a week with 70 to 85% of maximal heart rate and futsal training lasted three sessions a week for 40 minutes.
Results: Anaerobic power was significantly more in HIIT and futsal groups in compatre to controls (P<0.05), but anaerobic power was not significantly different between HIIT and futsal groups. Lower limb muscle power was significantly higher in the HIIT and futsal groups compared to control group (P<0.05). Lower limb muscle power was higher in the HIIT group compared to the futsal group (P<0.05). Negative symptoms were significantly lower in HIIT and futsal groups in comparison with control group (P<0.05). The quality of life difference in futsal and HIIT groups was not significant in compared to the controls.
Conclusion: It seems that HIIT is more efficient than futsal exercises, but both types of training improve some factors of physical fitness and alleviate the negative symptoms among schizophrenics.

Keywords: Schizophrenia, Body composition, Quality of life, Aerobic
Full-Text [PDF 280 kb]   (10476 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Psychiatry
1. Firth J, Stubbs B, Rosenbaum S, Vancampfort D, Malchow B, Schuch F, et al. Aerobic exercise improves cognitive functioning in people with schizophrenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Schizophr Bull. 2017 May; 43(3): 546-56. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbw115
2. Kring AM, Caponigro JM. Emotion in Schizophrenia: Where Feeling Meets Thinking. Curr Dir Psychol Sci. 2010 Aug; 19(4): 255-59. doi: 10.1177/0963721410377599
3. Edens JF, Marcus DK, Morey LC. Paranoid Personality Has a Dimensional Latent Structure: Taxometric Analyses of Community and Clinical Samples. J Abnorm Psychol. 2009 Aug; 118(3): 545-53. doi: 10.1037/a0016313
4. Holmen TL, Egeland J, Andersen E, Bigseth TT, Engh JA. The association between cardio-respiratory fitness and cognition in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2018 Mar; 193: 418-22. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2017.07.015
5. Kang SH, Lee JI. Metabolic disturbances independent of body mass in patients with schizophrenia taking atypical antipsychotics. Psychiatry Investig. 2015 Apr; 12(2): 242-48. doi: 10.4306/pi.2015.12.2.242
6. Mortimer AM, Al-Agib AO. Quality of life in schizophrenia on conventional versus atypical antipsychotic medication: a comparative cross-sectional study. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2007 Mar; 53(2): 99-107. doi: 10.1177/0020764006075000
7. Ueoka Y, Tomotake M, Tanaka T, Kaneda Y, Taniguchi K, Nakataki M, et al. Quality of life and cognitive dysfunction in people with schizophrenia. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2011 Jan; 35(1): 53-59. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2010.08.018
8. 8. Sadock B, Sadock V. Kaplan & Shaddock’s synopsis of psychiatty. 1st ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2015; p: 3317.
9. Ellenbroek BA. Psychopharmacological treatment of schizophrenia: what do we have, and what could we get? Neuropharmacology. 2012 Mar; 62(3): 1371-80. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2011.03.013
10. Acil AA, Dogan S, Dogan O. The effects of physical exercises to mental state and quality of life in patients with schizophrenia. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2008 Dec; 15(10): 808-15. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2850.2008.01317.x
11. Zheng W, Li Q, Lin J, Xiang Y, Guo T, Chen Q, et al. Tai Chi for Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review. Shanghai Arch Psychiatry. 2016 Aug; 28(4): 185-94. doi: 10.11919/j.issn.1002-0829.216051
12. Scheewe TW, Takken T, Kahn RS, Cahn W, Backx FJ. Effects of exercise therapy on cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with schizophrenia. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Oct; 44(10): 1834-42. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318258e120
13. Kerstiens RL, Green M. Exercise in Individuals with Down Syndrome: A Brief Review. Int J Exerc Sci. 2015; 8(2): 192-201.
14. McMurray RG, Andersen LB. The influence of exercise on metabolic syndrome in youth: a review. Am J Lifestyle Med. 2010; 4(2): 176-86. https://doi.org/10.1177/1559827609351234
15. Burgomaster KA, Cermak NM, Phillips SM, Benton CR, Bonen A, Gibala MJ. Divergent response of metabolite transport proteins in human skeletal muscle after sprint interval training and detraining. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2007 May; 292(5): R1970-6
16. Kalateh-jari M, Bagheri H, Hassani M R. [The effect of aerobic exercise program on quality of life in schizophrenic patients]. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2007; 9(3): 28-36. [Article in Persian]
17. Yazicioglu K, Taskaynatan MA, Guzelkucuk U, Tugcu I. Effect of playing football (soccer) on balance, strength, and quality of life in unilateral below-knee amputees. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2007 Oct; 86(10): 800-5. doi: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e318151fc74
18. Khodai K, Badri N, Rastegar Moghadam Mansouri SM. [Comparison of short term High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) with RAST and plyometric on some cardiovascular indices, anaerobic power, sprint and jumping performance in active female students]. J Sabzevar Uni Med Sci. 2014; 21(2): 232-42. [Article in Persian]
19. Dodd KJ, Duffy S, Stewart JA, Impey J, Taylor N. A small group aerobic exercise programme that reduces body weight is feasible in adults with severe chronic schizophrenia: a pilot study. Disabil Rehabil. 2011; 33(13-14): 1222-29. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2010.526162
20. Nabavi M, Khaldan A. [Effect of Football Exercise Program on Physical Fitness Factors of 11-17 year old boys]. Harkat. 2006; 22: 87-104. [Article in Persian]
21. Oertel-Knöchel V, Mehler P, Thiel C, Steinbrecher K, Malchow B, Tesky V, et al. Effects of aerobic exercise on cognitive performance and individual psychopathology in depressive and schizophrenia patients. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2014 Oct; 264(7): 589-604. doi: 10.1007/s00406-014-0485-9
22. Cheng SL, Sun HF, Yeh ML. Effects of an 8-Week Aerobic Dance Program on Health-Related Fitness in Patients With Schizophrenia. J Nurs Res. 2017 Dec; 25(6): 429-35. doi: 10.1097/JNR.0000000000000200
23. Jackson AS, Pollock ML. Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. Br J Nutr. 1978 Nov; 40(3): 497-504.
24. Hamzezadeh Borujeni E, Nazarali P, Naghibi S. [Effect of Four Weeks HIT on the Levels of GH, IGFBP-3, IGF-1 and Serum Cortisol and some Performance Indicators in Iran Women National Basketball Team]. Journal of Sport Bioscience. 2013: 5(4): 35-48. [Article in Persian]
25. St Clair Gibson A, Broomhead S, Lambert MI, Hawley JA. Prediction of maximal oxygen uptake from a 20-m shuttle run as measured directly in runners and squash players. J Sports Sci. 1998 May; 16(4): 331-35. doi: 10.1080/02640419808559361
26. Meltzer HY, Burnett S, Bastani B, Ramirez LF. Effects of six months of clozapine treatment on the quality of life of chronic schizophrenic patients. Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1990 Aug; 41(8): 892-97.
27. Kumari S, Malik M, Florival C, Manalai P, Sonje S. An Assessment of Five (PANSS, SAPS, SANS, NSA-16, CGI-SCH) commonly used Symptoms Rating Scales in Schizophrenia and Comparison to Newer Scales (CAINS, BNSS). J Addict Res Ther. 2017; 8(3): 324. doi: 10.4172/2155-6105.1000324
28. Atadokht A, Mohamadi G, Mohamadi I. [The effectiveness of aerobic exercise training of positive and negative symptom of patients with schizopheernia]. Journal of Health and Care. 2017; 2(19): 107-16. [Article in Persian]
29. Marzolini S, Jensen B, Melville P. Feasibility and effects of a group-based resistance and aerobic exercise program for individuals with severe schizophrenia: A multidisciplinary approach. Mental Health and Physical Activity. 2009; 2(1): 29-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2008.11.001
30. Gholipour A, Abolghasemi Sh, Gholinia K, Taheri S. Token Reinforcement Therapeutic Approach is More Effective than Exercise for Controlling Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenic Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int J Prev Med. 2012 Jul; 3(7): 466-70.
31. Kaltsatou A, Kouidi E, Fountoulakis K, Sipka C, Theochari V, Kandylis D, et al. Effects of exercise training with traditional dancing on functional capacity and quality of life in patients with schizophrenia: a randomized controlled study. Clin Rehabil. 2015 Sep; 29(9): 882-91. doi: 10.1177/0269215514564085
32. Perez-Cruzado D, Cuesta-Vargas AI, Vera-Garcia E, Mayoral-Cleries F. Physical fitness and levels of physical activity in people with severe mental illness: a cross-sectional study. BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil. 2017 Nov; 9: 17. doi: 10.1186/s13102-017-0082-0
33. Wang PW, Lin HC, Su CY, Chen MD, Lin KC, Ko CH, et al. Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Improving Symptoms of Individuals With Schizophrenia: A Single Blinded Randomized Control Study. Front Psychiatry. 2018 May; 9:167. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00167
34. Arazi H, Moayeri rad F, Aboutalebi S. [The Impacts of Two Aerobic Training Programs (Rope Jumping and Running) on Physical Factors in Boys with Intellectual Disability]. Journal of Exceptional Children. 2017; 16(4): 15-26. [Article in Persian]
35. Manjunath RB, Varambally S, Thirthalli J, Basavaraddi IV, Gangadhar BN. Efficacy of yoga as an add-on treatment for in-patients with functional psychotic disorder. Indian J Psychiatry. 2013 Jul; 55(Suppl 3): S374-8. doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.116314
36. Dauwan M, Begemann MJ, Heringa SM, Sommer IE. Exercise Improves Clinical Symptoms, Quality of Life, Global Functioning, and Depression in Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Schizophr Bull. 2016 May; 42(3): 588-99. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbv164
37. Norman RM, Malla AK, McLean T, Voruganti LP, Cortese L, McIntosh E, et al. The relationship of symptoms and level of functioning in schizophrenia to general wellbeing and the Quality of Life Scale. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2000 Oct; 102(4): 303-9.
38. Eack SM, Newhill CE. Psychiatric symptoms and quality of life in schizophrenia: a meta-analysis. Schizophr Bull. 2007 Sep; 33(5): 1225-37. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbl071
39. Krogh J, Speyer H, Nørgaard HC, Moltke A, Nordentoft M. Can exercise increase fitness and reduce weight in patients with schizophrenia and depression? Front Psychiatry. 2014 Jul; 5: 89. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2014.00089
40. Chasens ER, Yang K. Insomnia and physical activity in adults with prediabetes. Clin Nurs Res. 2012 Aug; 21(3): 294-308. doi: 10.1177/1054773811411295
41. Millan MJ, Fone K, Steckler T, Horan WP. Negative symptoms of schizophrenia: clinical characteristics, pathophysiological substrates, experimental models and prospects for improved treatment. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2014 May; 24(5): 645-92. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2014.03.008
42. Herbst EA, Holloway GP. Exercise increases mitochondrial glutamate oxidation in the mouse cerebral cortex. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016 Jul; 41(7): 799-801. doi: 10.1139/apnm-2016-0033
43. Maddock RJ, Casazza GA, Buonocore MH, Tanase C. Vigorous exercise increases brain lactate and Glx (glutamate+glutamine): a dynamic 1H-MRS study. Neuroimage. 2011 Aug; 57(4): 1324-30. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.05.048
44. Lebiecka Z, Łopuszko A, Rudkowski K, Dańczura E. Effects of physical activity on treatment of schizophrenia. Archives of Psychiatry & Psychotherapy. 2019; 21;(1): 28-35.
45. Faulkner G, Biddle S. Exercise and mental health: it's just not psychology! J Sports Sci. 2001 Jun; 19(6): 433-44. doi: 10.1080/026404101300149384
Send email to the article author

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Anami A, Nazari M, Shabani R. Comparison of the effect of high-intensity interval training and futsal training on some of the factors of physical fitness, quality of life and negative symptoms in patients with paranoid schizophrenia: A clinical trial study. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2019; 21 (4) :29-38
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3515-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 21, Issue 4 (12-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 36 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652