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:: Volume 20, Issue 2 (7-2018) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2018, 20(2): 102-108 Back to browse issues page
Effect of methanolic extract of Nasturtium officinale on growth and biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Aryan Omidi1 , Asghar Sharifi * 2
1- M.Sc in Microbiology, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Yasooj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yasooj, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran. asgharsharifi@yahoo.com , asgharsharifi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (8532 Views)

Background and Objective: Biofilms caused by pathogenic microorganisms that plays an important role against human health. Due to their resistance to detergents and antimicrobial agent, treatment response of affected patients with these bacteria is difficult. This study was done to evaluate the effect of methanol extract of Nasturtium officinale plant on growth and biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Methods: In this descriptive - laboratory study, the extraction was done by Maceration in 80% methanol and by rotary evaporator. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of Nasturtium officinale extracts were determined by broth microdilution method. Biofilm formation was investigated using the microtiter plate and stained with crystal violet.
Results: The minimum inhibitory concentration of Nasturtium officinale against Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 0.625 mg/ml and the Minimum bactericidal concentration of this extract was 1.25 mg/ml. PAO1 strain and 5 clinical strains were able to biofilm formation. Inhibition of biofilm formation by extract of Nasturtium officinale plant was dependent to concentration. The highest percentage of inhibition of biofilm formation was in the concentration of 7.5 mg/ml and the lowest percentage of inhibition of biofilm formation was in the concentration of 0.11 mg/ml. The mean of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm inhibition by Nasturtium officinale extracts was 72.69±22.27 %. In the concentrations of 7.5, 0.93, 0.46, 0.23 and 0.11 mg/ml, there was a significant difference between clinical strains and PAO1 strain (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Methanolic extracts of Nasturtium officinale plant has anti-bacterial and anti-biofilm effect against Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Keywords: Nasturtium officinale, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Biofilm, MIC
Full-Text [PDF 286 kb] [English Abstract]   (14136 Downloads) |   |   Abstract (HTML)  (324 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Microbiology
* Corresponding Author Address: Associate Professor, Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran. asgharsharifi@yahoo.com
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Omidi A, Sharifi A. Effect of methanolic extract of Nasturtium officinale on growth and biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2018; 20 (2) :102-108
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3369-en.html

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Volume 20, Issue 2 (7-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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