[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Editorial Board::
Executive Members::
Articles Archive::
Instruction to Authors::
Peer-Review::
Contact Us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 20, Issue 1 (3-2018) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2018, 20(1): 83-89 Back to browse issues page
Effect of diving in different depths on the level of C-reactive protein and lipid profiles of diver men
Hossein Toosi Khorshidi * 1, Hooshang Jafari Ghasrodashti2 , Seyyede Khadijeh Parandak3 , Nazanin Mahmoudi4
1- Ph.D Candidate in Sport Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran. toosi.kh_h@yahoo.com , toosi.kh_h@yahoo.com
2- M.Sc in Exercise Physiology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran
3- M.Sc in Sport Physiology, Academin Instructor, Department of Physical Education, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
4- B.Sc Student of Physical Education, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran
Abstract:   (16699 Views)
Background and Objective: New markers of cardiovascular disease have more sensitivity and accuracy in predicting cardiovascular events. Considering the effective role of physical activity in preventing and reducing cardiovascular disease, which will be of great help in improving the health of people in the community. This study was done to determine the effect of diving in different depths on the level of C-reactive protein (CRP) and lipid profiles of diver men.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study was carried out on 6 male diver members of the rescue and rescue team of the Red Crescent Society of Kohkiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad province in Iran. Subjects diverted on the first day at a depth of 1 meter, the second day at a depth of 10 meter, and the third day at a depth of 20 meter for 40 minutes. The subjects were at a depth of 10 and 20 meters at a height of 3 meters to the surface of the water for five-minute steepness. Blood samples were taken before and after diving, and CRP and lipid profiles including triglyceride, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein and high density lipoprotein were measured.
Results: The increase of environmental stress caused by diving in three depths of 1, 10 and 20 meters of the sea  significantly increased CRP level (P<0.05). No significant changes were observed in the levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, and low density lipoprotein, but high density lipoprotein level was significantly increased (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Scuba diving, due to the transport of respiratory equipment during activity increases
C-reactive protein and lipid profiles.
Keywords: Diving, Reactive protein-C, Lipid profiles
Full-Text [PDF 238 kb] [English Abstract]   (9386 Downloads) |   |   Abstract (HTML)  (616 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Exercise Physiology
* Corresponding Author Address: Ph.D Candidate in Sport Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran. toosi.kh_h@yahoo.com
References
1. Dohi Y, Takase H, Sato K, Ueda R. Association among C-reactive protein, oxidative stress, and traditional risk factors in healthy Japanese subjects. Int J Cardiol. 2007 Jan;115(1):63-6. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2006.04.006
2. Gotto AM Jr. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides as therapeutic targets for preventing and treating coronary artery disease. Am Heart J. 2002 Dec; 144(6 Suppl): S33-42. doi:10.1067/mhj.2002.130301
3. Sittiwicheanwong R, Ariyapitipun T, Gulsatitporn S, Nopponpunth V, Abeywardena M, Dahlan W. Alterations of atherogenic low-density lipoproteins and serum fatty acids after 12 week moderate exercise training in sedentary Thai women. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007; 16(4): 602-8.
4. Abramson JL, Vaccarino V. Relationship between physical activity and inflammation among apparently healthy middle-aged and older US adults. Arch Intern Med. 2002 Jun; 162(11):1286-92.
5. Ridker PM, Rifai N, Rose L, Buring JE, Cook NR. Comparison of C-reactive protein and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the prediction of first cardiovascular events. N Engl J Med. 2002 Nov; 347(20):1557-65. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa021993
6. Ridker PM, Buring JE, Cook NR, Rifai N. C-reactive protein, the metabolic syndrome, and risk of incident cardiovascular events: an 8-year follow-up of 14 719 initially healthy American women. Circulation. 2003 Jan;107(3):391-7.
7. Hamedinia MR, Haghighi AH, Ravasi AA. The effect of aerobic training on inflammatory markers of cardiovascular disease risk in obese men. World J Sport Sci. 2009; 2(1): 7-12.
8. Kasapis C, Thompson PD. The effects of physical activity on serum C-reactive protein and inflammatory markers: a systematic review. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 May; 45(10):1563-9.
9. Nicklas BJ, Hsu FC, Brinkley TJ, Church T, Goodpaster BH, Kritchevsky SB, et al. Exercise training and plasma C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 in elderly people. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Nov; 56(11):2045-52. doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2008.01994.x
10. Plaisance EP, Grandjean PW. Physical activity and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein. Sports Med. 2006;36(5):443-58.
11. Murtagh EM, Boreham C, Nevill A, Davison G, Trinick T, Duly E, et al. Acute responses of inflammatory markrs of cardiovascular disease risk to a single walking session. Journal of physical activity and health. 2005; 2(3): 324-32. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2.3.324
12. Woods JA, Vieira VJ, Keylock KT. Exercise, inflammation, and innate immunity. Neurol Clin. 2006 Aug;24(3):585-99.
13. Fang YQ, Xu J, Chen Y, Xiao WB, Zhang HX, Yu FT. [Changes of serum IL-1, IL-2R and TNF-alpha levels in divers after 150 m Heliox saturation -182 m excursion in the open sea diving]. Space Med Med Eng (Beijing). 2003 Aug;16(4):307-8. [Article in Chinese]
14. Mora S, Lee IM, Buring JE, Ridker PM. Association of physical activity and body mass index with novel and traditional cardiovascular biomarkers in women. JAMA. 2006 Mar; 295(12):1412-9. doi:10.1001/jama.295.12.1412
15. Guerra RL, Prado WL, Cheik NC, Viana FP, Botero JP, Vendramini RC, et al. Effects of 2 or 5 consecutive exercise days on adipocyte area and lipid parameters in Wistar rats. Lipids Health Dis. 2007 Jul;6:16. doi:10.1186/1476-511X-6-16
16. Khademi Y, Mogharnasi M, Anbari S, Hosseini S, Azadmanesh M. [The effect of Omega-3 supplementation and aerobic exercise on cardiovascular risk factors lipid profile of men elderly]. Armaghane Danesh. 2013; 17 (6): 502-13. [Article in Persian]
17. Saghebjoo M, Dadi Khaliran Z, Afzalpour ME, Hedayati M, Yaghoubi A. [Comparison of some prognostic markers of cardiovascular diseases to morning and evening Bruce treadmill test in women]. J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2013; 20(3): 252-61. [Article in Persian]
18. Spira A. Diving and marine medicine review part II: diving diseases. J Travel Med. 1999 Sep;6(3):180-98.
19. Lynch JH, Bove AA. Diving medicine: a review of current evidence. J Am Board Fam Med. 2009 Jul-Aug;22(4):399-407. doi:10.3122/jabfm.2009.04.080099
20. Rawson ES, Freedson PS, Osganian SK, Matthews CE, Reed G, Ockene IS. Body mass index, but not physical activity, is associated with C-reactive protein. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 Jul; 35(7):1160-6. doi:10.1249/01.MSS.0000074565.79230.AB
21. Kelly AS, Steinberger J, Olson TP, Dengel DR. In the absence of weight loss, exercise training does not improve adipokines or oxidative stress in overweight children. Metabolism. 2007 Jul; 56(7): 1005-9. doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2007.03.009
22. Bizheh N, Rashidlamir A, Zabihi A, Jaafari M. [The acute effects of strength training on inflammatory markers predicting atherosclerosis: a study on inactive middle-aged men]. Tehran Univ Med J. 2011; 69(3): 204-209. [Article in Persian]
23. Fallon KE. The acute phase response and exercise: the ultramarathon as prototype exercise. Clin J Sport Med. 2001 Jan; 11(1):38-43.
24. Siegel AJ, Stec JJ, Lipinska I, Van Cott EM, Lewandrowski KB, Ridker PM, et al. Effect of marathon running on inflammatory and hemostatic markers. Am J Cardiol. 2001 Oct; 88(8):918-20, A9.
25. Signorelli SS, Mazzarino MC, Di Pino L, Malaponte G, Porto C, Pennisi G, et al. High circulating levels of cytokines (IL-6 and TNFalpha), adhesion molecules (VCAM-1 and ICAM-1) and selectins in patients with peripheral arterial disease at rest and after a treadmill test. Vasc Med. 2003; 8(1): 15-9. doi:10.1191/1358863x03vm466oa
26. Jorgensen A, Foster PP, Brubakk AO, Eftedal I. Effects of hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning on cardiac stress markers after simulated diving. Physiol Rep. 2013 Nov; 1(6): e00169. doi:10.1002/phy2.169
27. Selvin E, Paynter NP, Erlinger TP. The effect of weight loss on C-reactive protein: a systematic review. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Jan; 167(1):31-9. doi:10.1001/archinte.167.1.31
28. Sureda A, Batle JM, Capó X, Martorell M, Córdova A, Tur JA, et al. Scuba diving induces nitric oxide synthesis and the expression of inflammatory and regulatory genes of the immune response in neutrophils. Physiol Genomics. 2014 Sep; 46(17): 647-54. doi:10.1152/physiolgenomics.00028.2014
29. Leon AS, Gaskill SE, Rice T, Bergeron J, Gagnon J, Rao DC, et al. Variability in the response of HDL cholesterol to exercise training in the HERITAGE Family Study. Int J Sports Med. 2002 Jan; 23(1):1-9. doi:10.1055/s-2002-19270
30. Spate-Douglas T, Keyser RE. Exercise intensity: its effect on the high-density lipoprotein profile. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1999 Jun; 80(6):691-5.
31. Altena TS, Michaelson JL, Ball SD, Guilford BL, Thomas TR. Lipoprotein subfraction changes after continuous or intermittent exercise training. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Feb; 38(2):367-72. doi:10.1249/01.mss.0000185088.33669.fd
32. Hardman AE. Interaction of physical activity and diet: implications for lipoprotein metabolism. Public Health Nutr. 1999 Sep;2(3A):369-76.
33. Lalonde L, Gray-Donald K, Lowensteyn I, Marchand S, Dorais M, Michaels G, et al. Comparing the benefits of diet and exercise in the treatment of dyslipidemia. Prev Med. 2002 Jul; 35(1):16-24.
34. Durstine JL, Grandjean PW, Cox CA, Thompson PD. Lipids, lipoproteins, and exercise. J Cardiopulm Rehabil. 2002 Nov-Dec; 22(6):385-98.
35. Kraus WE, Houmard JA, Duscha BD, Knetzger KJ, Wharton MB, McCartney JS, et al. Effects of the amount and intensity of exercise on plasma lipoproteins. N Engl J Med. 2002 Nov; 347(19):1483-92. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa020194
36. Zmuda JM, Yurgalevitch SM, Flynn MM, Bausserman LL, Saratelli A, Spannaus-Martin DJ, et al. Exercise training has little effect on HDL levels and metabolism in men with initially low HDL cholesterol. Atherosclerosis. 1998 Mar;137(1):215-21.
37. Couillard C, Després JP, Lamarche B, Bergeron J, Gagnon J, Leon AS, et al. Effects of endurance exercise training on plasma HDL cholesterol levels depend on levels of triglycerides: evidence from men of the Health, Risk Factors, Exercise Training and Genetics (HERITAGE) Family Study. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2001 Jul;21(7):1226-32.
Send email to the article author


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Toosi Khorshidi H, Jafari Ghasrodashti H, Parandak S K, Mahmoudi N. Effect of diving in different depths on the level of C-reactive protein and lipid profiles of diver men . J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2018; 20 (1) :83-89
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3282-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 20, Issue 1 (3-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 36 queries by YEKTAWEB 4657