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:: Volume 19, Issue 2 (7-2017) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2017, 19(2): 51-58 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the length of shoulder girdle’s muscles, neck and shoulder range of motion in patients with chronic neck - shoulder pain and healthy subjects
A Moezy * 1, Sh Gharamaninia2 , A Gharamaninia3 , M Rezaei Hemami4
1- Associate Professor, Department of Sports Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , moezy.a@iums.ac.ir
2- General Physician, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Sports Medicine Specialist, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Social Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (6803 Views)

Background and Objective: One of the most common musculoskeletal injuries in modern societies is neck and shoulder pains which often lead to postural disorders and soft tissue shortenings. This study was done to compare the length of shoulder girdle’s muscles in healthy subjects and patients with shoulder and neck pain.

Methods: This case-control study was done on16 patients with chronic neck- shoulder pain as cases and 15 healthy subjects as control group. Length of upper trapezius, pectoralis major and minor muscles was evaluated with functional tests. Also, the range of shoulder abduction and external rotation and cervical flexion and lateral flexion were measured by goniometer.

Results: Significant differences between patient and control groups were found in pectoralis major and minor muscles length in involved side (P<0.05) and also in neck active range of lateral flexion (P<0.05). Furthermore, there were significant differences between shoulder active range of abduction and external rotation (P<0.05) in the groups.

Conclusion: This study confirmed a significant reduction in range of motion in the neck and shoulder and also a remarkably shortening in the muscles of in the involved side.

Keywords: Muscle Length, Trapezius, Pectoral, Chronic Pain, Shoulder, Neck
Full-Text [PDF 286 kb] [English Abstract]   (14339 Downloads) |   |   Abstract (HTML)  (1340 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Exercise Physiology
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Moezy A, Gharamaninia S, Gharamaninia A, Rezaei Hemami M. Comparison of the length of shoulder girdle’s muscles, neck and shoulder range of motion in patients with chronic neck - shoulder pain and healthy subjects. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2017; 19 (2) :51-58
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Volume 19, Issue 2 (7-2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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