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:: Volume 18, Issue 4 (12-2016) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2016, 18(4): 22-29 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Dianthus carryophyllu extract on the induced hepatotoxicity by Gentamicin in rats
M Afrasiabie1 , M Mokhtari * 2
1- M.Sc in Animal Science, Departmentof Biology, Kazeroun Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kazeroun, Iran
2- Professor of Physiology, Department of Biology, Kazeroun Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kazeroun, Iran , m.mokhtari246@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (8871 Views)

Background and Objective: Gentamicin can cause cell destruction by generating active oxygen species leading to hepatotoxicity. This study was done to determine the effect of Dianthus carryophyllu extract on the Gentamicin induced hepatotoxicity in Wistar rats.

Methods: In this experimental study, 49 mature wistar rats, were randomly allocated into 7 groups including, control; Sham (saline interaperitonely); experimental group 1 was treated with 100 mg/kg/bw clove essence; experimental group 2 were received 100 mg/kg/bw of Gentamicin; and experimental groups 3, 4 and 5 were received 100 mg/kg/bw of Gentamicin along with 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg/bw of hydro alcoholic extract of Dianthus carryophyllu (clove), respectively for 28 days. Blood samples were taken and serum activities of Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and serum concentration of total protein and albumin were measured.

Results: The serum level of aspartate transaminase and Alanine transaminase significantly increased in experimental group 2 in compared to the sham and control groups (P<0.05). Alkaline Phosphatase concentration significantly reduced in experimental groups 2 and 3 in comparision with sham and control groups (P<0.05). Albumin and total protein concentration significantly reduced in experimental groups 2 and 3 in compare to the sham and control groups (P<0.05). In histological examination, cell necrosis, fat accumdation and mononocular cell accumulation reduced in experimental groups 5 in compare to Gentamicin treated group.

Conclusion: Dianthus carryophyllu hydro alcoholic extract is able to protect against enzyme alterations and hepatotoxicity induced by Gentamicin.

Keywords: Dianthus caryophyllu, Gentamicin, ALT, AST, ALP, Total protein, Albumin, Rat
Full-Text [PDF 375 kb] [English Abstract]   (17409 Downloads) |   |   Abstract (HTML)  (1214 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Physiology - Pharmacology
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Afrasiabie M, Mokhtari M. Effect of Dianthus carryophyllu extract on the induced hepatotoxicity by Gentamicin in rats. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2016; 18 (4) :22-29
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-2951-en.html

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Volume 18, Issue 4 (12-2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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