[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Editorial Board::
Executive Members::
Articles Archive::
Instruction to Authors::
Peer-Review::
Contact Us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 18, Issue 3 (10-2016) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2016, 18(3): 71-78 Back to browse issues page
Knee joint muscles activity during single leg drop landing from different heights among men with genu varum and men with normal knee
SK Mosavi * 1, M Hashemi Taklimi2 , AH Barati3 , A Ghasemnian4
1- M.Sc in Physical Education and Sports Science, Department of Sports Injury and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran. , kazem_mosavi6486@yahoo.com
2- M.Sc in Physical Education and Sports Science, Member of Faculty, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Rajaee University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.
Abstract:   (9677 Views)

Background and Objective: Genuvarum is considered as one of the risk factors for the incidence of osteoarthritis. This study was done to compare the knee joint muscles activity during single leg drop landing from different heights among men with genu varum and men with normal knee.

Methods: This case – control study was done on 20 male students with genu varum deformity and 20 male students with normal knee. Genu varum deformity was measured by a kolis and goniometer. Muscle activity of lower limb was recorded with electromyography.

Results: There was significant difference in muscles activity of medialis gastrucnemius, peroneus longus, biceps femoris and gluteus medius in cases and controls (P<0.05), while no significant difference was observed in other muscles.

Conclusion: The changes in the knee normal structure might affect daily activities and possibly lead to in injuries due to physical training.

Keywords: Muscles activity, Single leg drop landing, Genu varum
Full-Text [PDF 232 kb] [English Abstract]   (14519 Downloads) |   |   Abstract (HTML)  (1263 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Exercise Physiology
References
1. Blackburn JT, Norcross MF, Cannon LN, Zinder SM. Hamstrings stiffness and landing biomechanics linked to anterior cruciate ligament loading. J Athl Train. 2013 Nov-Dec; 48(6): 764-72.
2. Sigward SM, Pollard CD, Powers CM. The influence of sex and maturation on landing biomechanics: implications for anterior cruciate ligament injury. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2012 Aug; 22(4):502-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01254.x
3. Paterno MV, Schmitt LC, Ford KR, Rauh MJ, Myer GD, Huang B, et al. Biomechanical measures during landing and postural stability predict second anterior cruciate ligament injury after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and return to sport. Am J Sports Med. 2010 Oct; 38(10):1968-78. doi: 10.1177/ 0363546510376053
4. Ball NB, Scurr JC. Bilateral neuromuscular and force differences during a plyometric task. J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Aug; 23(5): 1433-41. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a4e97f
5. Kellis E, Kouvelioti V. Agonist versus antagonist muscle fatigue effects on thigh muscle activity and vertical ground reaction during drop landing. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2009 Feb; 19(1):55-64.
6. Chappell JD, Herman DC, Knight BS, Kirkendall DT, Garrett WE, Yu B. Effect of fatigue on knee kinetics and kinematics in stop-jump tasks. Am J Sports Med. 2005 Jul; 33(7):1022-9.
7. Ali N, Robertson DG, Rouhi G. Sagittal plane body kinematics and kinetics during single-leg landing from increasing vertical heights and horizontal distances: implications for risk of non-contact ACL injury. Knee. 2014 Jan; 21(1):38-46. doi: 10.1016/j.knee.2012.12.003
8. Yeow CH, Lee PV, Goh JC. Effect of landing height on frontal plane kinematics, kinetics and energy dissipation at lower extremity joints. J Biomech. 2009 Aug; 42(12):1967-73. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2009.05.017
9. Ramsey DK, Snyder-MacklerL, Lewek M, Newcomb W, Rudolph KS. Effect of anatomic realignment on muscle function during gait in patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Apr; 57(3): 389–397. doi: 10.1002/art.22608
10. Murley GS, Landorf KB, Menz HB, Bird AR. Effect of foot posture, foot orthoses and footwear on lower limb muscle activity during walking and running: a systematic review. Gait Posture. 2009 Feb; 29(2):172-87. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2008.08.015
11. Mosavi SK, Bazvand M, Memar R, Sadeghi H. [Comparison of leg muscles electromyography during gait in pescavus and planus in men aged 20-28 years]. Sci J Kurdistan Univ Med Sci. 2015; 20(1): 71-79. [Article in Persian]
12. Hargrave MD, Carcia CR, Gansneder BM, Shultz SJ. Subtalar pronation does not influence impact forces or rate of loading during a single-leg landing. J Athl Train. 2003 Jan-Mar; 38(1): 18-23.
13. Karimi- Mobarake M, Kashefipour AR, Yousfnejad Z. The prevalence of genu varum and genu valgum in primary school children in Iran 2003-2004. Journal of Medical Sciences. 2005; 5: 52-54. doi: 10.3923/jms.2005.52.54
14. Ghandi AR, Hadi HA, Behruzi AR, Holakooie AR. [The prevalence of genu-varum in students aged 7-16 in Arak city]. J Arak Univ Med Sci. 2012; 15(4): 63-68. [Article in Persian]
15. Chantraine A. Knee joint in soccer players: osteoarthritis and axis deviation. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1985 Aug; 17(4):434-9.
16. Witvrouw E, Danneels L, Thijs Y, Cambier D, Bellemans J. Does soccer participation lead to genu varum? Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2009 Apr; 17(4):422-7. doi: 10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z
17. Arnold JA, Coker TP, Micheli RP. Anatomical and physiological characteristics to predict football ability at the University of Arkansas. J Ark Med Soc. 1977 Dec; 74(7):253-60.
18. Hadadnezhad M, Letafatkar A. [The relationship between genu varum abnormality and lower extremity’s performance and strength in teenage footballers]. Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2011; 7(2): 18-26. [Article in Persian]
19. Foroughi N, Smith RM, Lange AK, Singh MA, Vanwanseele B. Progressive resistance training and dynamic alignment in osteoarthritis: A single-blind randomised controlled trial. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2011 Jan; 26(1):71-7. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2010.08.013
20. Miyazaki T, Wada M, Kawahara H, Sato M, Baba H, Shimada S. Dynamic load at baseline can predict radiographic disease progression in medial compartment knee osteoarthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2002 Jul; 61(7):617-22.
21. Foroughi N, Smith RM, Lange AK, Baker MK, Fiatarone Singh MA, et al. Lower limb muscle strengthening does not change frontal plane moments in women with knee osteoarthritis: A randomized controlled trial. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2011 Feb; 26(2):167-74. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2010.08.011
22. Yang NH, Nayeb-Hashemi H, Canavan PK, Vaziri A. Effect of frontal plane tibiofemoral angle on the stress and strain at the knee cartilage during the stance phase of gait. J Orthop Res. 2010 Dec; 28(12):1539-47. doi: 10.1002/jor.21174
23. Moisio K, Chang A, Eckstein F, Chmiel JS, Wirth W, Almagor O, et al. Varus-valgus alignment: reduced risk of subsequent cartilage loss in the less loaded compartment. Arthritis Rheum. 2011 Apr; 63(4):1002-9. doi: 10.1002/art.30216
24. Samaei A, Bakhtiary AH, Elham F, Rezasoltani A. Effects of genu varum deformity on postural stability. Int J Sports Med. 2012 Jun; 33(6):469-73. doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1301331
25. Puckree T, Govender A, Naldoo P. The quadriceps angle and the incidence of knee injury in Indian long-distance runners . South African Journal of Sport Medicine. 2007; 19(1): 9-11.
26. Pefanis N, Papaharalampous X, Tsiganos G, Papadakou E, Baltopoulos P. The effect of Q angle on ankle sprain occurrence. Foot Ankle Spec. 2009 Feb; 2(1):22-6. doi: 10.1177/ 1938640008330769
27. Zhang SN, Bates BT, Dufek JS. Contributions of lower extremity joints to energy dissipation during landings. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000 Apr; 32(4):812-9.
28. Decker MJ, Torry MR, Wyland DJ, Sterett WI, Richard Steadman J. Gender differences in lower extremity kinematics, kinetics and energy absorption during landing. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2003 Aug; 18(7):662-9.
29. Smith TO, Hunt NJ, Donell ST. The reliability and validity of the Q-angle: a systematic review. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2008 Dec; 16(12):1068-79. doi: 10.1007/s00167-008-0643-6
30. Konrad P. The ABC of EMG. A Practical Introduction to Kinesiological Electromyography. Version 1.4. Arizona: Noraxon INC. 2005 Mar.
31. Iida Y, Kanehisa H, Inaba Y, Nakazawa K. Activity modulations of trunk and lower limb muscles during impact-absorbing landing. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2011 Aug; 21(4):602-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2011.04.001
32. Liebermann DG, Hoffman JR. Timing of preparatory landing responses as a function of availability of optic flow information. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2005 Feb; 15(1):120-30.
33. Anbarian M, Esmailie H, Hosseini Nejad SE, Rabiei M, Binabaji H, et al. [Comparison of knee joint muscles’ activity in subjects with genu varum and the controls during walking and running]. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2012; 8(2): 298-309. [Article in Persian]
34. Nyland J, Smith S, Beickman K, Armsey T, Caborn DN. Frontal plane knee angle affects dynamic postural control strategy during unilateral stance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Jul; 34(7):1150-7.
35. Niu W, Wang Y, He Y, Fan Y, Zhao Q. Kinematics, kinetics, and electromyogram of ankle during drop landing: a comparison between dominant and non-dominant limb. Hum Mov Sci. 2011 Jun; 30(3):614-23. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2010.10.010
36. Hoffrén M, Ishikawa M, Komi PV. Age-related neuromuscular function during drop jumps. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007 Oct; 103(4):1276-83.
37. Bauer JJ, Fuchs RK, Smith GA, Snow CM. Quantifying force magnitude and loading rate from drop landing that induce osteogenesis. J Appl Biomech. 2001; 17(2): 142-52.
38. Nagai T, Sell TC, House AJ, Abt JP, Lephart SM. Knee proprioception and strength and landing kinematics during a single-leg stop-jump task. J Athl Train. 2013 Jan-Feb; 48(1):31-8. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-48.1.14.
39. McLean SG, Fellin RE, Suedekum N, Calabrese G, Passerallo A, Joy S. Impact of fatigue on gender-based high-risk landing strategies. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007 Mar; 39(3):502-14.
40. Yeow CH, Lee PV, Goh JC. An investigation of lower extremity energy dissipation strategies during single-leg and double-leg landing based on sagittal and frontal plane biomechanics. Hum Mov Sci. 2011 Jun; 30(3): 624-35. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2010.11.010
41. Andriacchi TP. Dynamics of knee malalignment. Orthop Clin North Am. 1994 Jul; 25(3):395-403.
42. Gage MJ. The effects of abdominal training on postural control, lower extremity kinematics, kinetics, and muscle activation. Doctoral Thesis. Department of Exercise Sciences Brigham Young University. 2009.
Send email to the article author


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mosavi S, Hashemi Taklimi M, Barati A, Ghasemnian A. Knee joint muscles activity during single leg drop landing from different heights among men with genu varum and men with normal knee. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2016; 18 (3) :71-78
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-2838-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 18, Issue 3 (10-2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 36 queries by YEKTAWEB 4657