[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Editorial Board::
Executive Members::
Articles Archive::
Instruction to Authors::
Contact Us::
Site Facilities::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 18, Issue 3 (10-2016) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2016, 18(3): 45-51 Back to browse issues page
Effect of combined endurance and strength training on cystatin C, high- sensitivity C-reactive protein level and cardiovascular risk factors in sedentary postmenopausal women
M Sarmadiyan * 1, D Khorshidi2
1- M.Sc in Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Zarandiyeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zarandiyeh, Iran. , msarmadiyan2013@gmail.com
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh, Iran.
Abstract:   (11134 Views)

Background and Objective: Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of 50% of death in women after menopause. This study was done to evaluate the effect of combined training on cystatin C, high- sensitivity C-reactive protein and some cardiovascular risk factors in sedentary postmenopausal women.

Methods: In this quasi -experimental study, 24 sedentary postmenopausal women (50-65 years) were non-randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Women in the experimental group were received a combined training program including aerobic exercise (65-75% of MHR) and resistance exercise (55-65% of 1RM), 4 d/wk for 10 weeks. The control group did not participate in any physical activity. Body weight, BMI, BF%, blood pressure, levels of cystatin C, C-reactive protein, triglyceride, HDL-C and LDL-C were measured before and after study.

Results: Exercise training showed no significant effect on serum levels of cystatin C, C-reactive protein and cardiovascular risk factors such as HDL-C, LDL-C, triglyceride and blood pressure in postmenopausal women.

Conclusion: Short-term combined training with moderate intensity has no effect on cystatin C levels and other cardiovascular risk factors in sedentary postmenopausal women.

Keywords: Endurance training, Strength training, Cystatin C, C-reactive protein, woman
Full-Text [PDF 215 kb] [English Abstract]   (13149 Downloads) |   |   Abstract (HTML)  (1113 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Exercise Physiology
1. Zaros PR, Pires CE, Bacci M Jr, Moraes C, Zanesco A. Effect of 6-months of physical exercise on the nitrate/nitrite levels in hypertensive postmenopausal women. BMC Womens Health. 2009 Jun; 9:17. doi: 10.1186/1472-6874-9-17
2. Salesi M, Aminian-Razavi T, Gaeini AA, Kordi MR. [The effect of type of exercise and estrogen on C - reactive protein and other cardivascular risk factor in old women]. Harkat. 2008, 34: 95-108. [Article in Persian]
3. Sitiwicheanwong R, Ariyapitipun T, Gulsatitporn S, Nopponpunth V, Abeywardena M, Dahlan W. Alteration of atherogenic low-density lipoproteins and serum fatty acids after 12 week moderate exercise training in sedentary Thai women. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007; 16(4): 602-8.
4. Hage FG, Szalai AJ. C-reactive protein gene polymorphisms, C-reactive protein blood levels, and cardiovascular disease risk. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 Sep; 50(12):1115-22.
5. Niccoli G, Conte M, Della Bona R, Altamura L, Siviglia M, Dato I, et al. Cystatin C is associated with an increased coronary atherosclerotic burden and a stable plaque phenotype in patients with ischemic heart disease and normal glomerular filtration rate. Atherosclerosis. 2008 Jun; 198(2):373-80.
6. Hedayati M, Hosseini Kakhk S, Amiriparsa T, Haghighi A, Askari R, Chamari M. [The effect of resistance training on hs-CRP and cystatin C concentration in obese girls]. Daneshvar Med. 2010; 17(3):9-18. [Article in Persian]
7. Curhan G. Cystatin C: A marker of renal function or something more? Clinical Chemistry. 2005 Feb; 51(2):293-94. doi: 10.1373/ clinchem.2004.044388
8. Gaeini AA, Nazari A, Tabrizi A, Farahani A. [Effects of aerobic exercise on reactive protein with high sensitivity at the high school student body of different indicators]. Cardiovascular Nursing Journal. 2012; 1(4): 48-56. [Article in Persian]
9. Kraus WE, Houmard JA, Duscha BD, Knetzger KJ, Wharton MB, McCartney JS, et al. Effects of the amount and intensity of exercise on plasma lipoproteins. N Engl J Med. 2002 Nov; 347(19):1483-92.
10. Fatouros IG, Tournis S, Leontsini D, Jamurtas AZ, Sxina M, Thomakos P, et al. Leptin and adiponectin responses in overweight inactive elderly following resistance training and detraining are intensity related. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Nov; 90(11): 5970-7.
11. Baxmann AC, Ahmed MS, Marques NC, Menon VB, Pereira AB, Kirsztajn GM, et al. Influence of muscle mass and physical activity on serum and urinary creatinine and serum cystatin C. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Mar; 3(2): 348-54. doi: 10.2215/CJN. 02870707
12. Fenstermaker KL, Plowman SA, Looney MA. Validation of the rockport fitness walking test in females 65 years and older. Res Q Exerc Sport. 1992 Sep; 63(3):322-7.
13. Maud PJ, Foster C. Physiological assessment ofhuman fitness. 2nd ed. Champaign: Human kinetics. 2006; pp: 119-50.
14. Pechter U, Ots M, Mesikepp S, Zilmer K, Kullissaar T, Vihalemm T, et al. Beneficial effects of water-based exercise in patients with chronic kidney disease. Int J Rehabil Res. 2003 Jun; 26(2):153-6.
15. Elliott KJ, Sale C, Cable NT. Effects of resistance training and detraining on muscle strength and blood lipid profiles in postmenopausal women. Br J Sports Med. 2002 Oct; 36(5):340-4.
16. Faramarzi M. [The relationship of cardiorespiratory fitness resting plasma CPR and lipids levels between trained and untrained universyt students]. Harkat. 2008; 36:151-64. [Article in Persian]
17. Plaisance EP, Grandjean PW. Physical activity and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein. Sports Med. 2006; 36(5):443-58.
18. Strasser B, Siebert U, Schobersberger W. Resistance training in the treatment of the metabolic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of resistance training on metabolic clustering in patients with abnormal glucose metabolism. Sports Med. 2010 May; 40(5):397-415. doi: 10.2165/11531380-000000000-00000
19. Gray SR, Baker G, Wright A, Fitzsimons CF, Mutrie N, Nimmo MA; Scottish Physical Activity Research Collaboration. The effect of a 12 week walking intervention on markers of insulin resistance and systemic inflammation. Prev Med. 2009 Jan; 48(1):39-44. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.10.013
20. Wong PC, Chia MY, Tsou IY, Wansaicheong GK, Tan B, Wang JC, et al. Effects of a 12-week exercise training programme on aerobic fitness, body composition, blood lipids and C-reactive protein in adolescents with obesity. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2008 Apr; 37(4):286-93.
21. Attarbashi Moghadam B, Bagheri H, Hadian MR, Tavakol K, Salarifar M, Nejatian M. Effects of strengthening exercise on serum C-reactive protein after coronary artery bypass grafts. Iranian J Publ Health. 2008; 37(2): 93-100.
22. Ryan AS, Nicklas BJ. Reductions in plasma cytokine levels with weight loss improve insulin sensitivity in overweight and obese postmenopausal women. Diabetes Care. 2004 Jul; 27(7):1699-705.
23. Muntner P, Winston J, Uribarri J, Mann D, Fox CS. Overweight, obesity, and elevated serum cystatin C levels in adults in the United States. Am J Med. 2008 Apr; 121(4):341-8. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2008.01.003
24. Wegge JK, Roberts CK, Ngo TH, Barnard RJ. Effect of diet and exercise intervention on inflammatory and adhesion molecules in postmenopausal women on hormone replacement therapy and at risk for coronary artery disease. Metabolism. 2004 Mar; 53(3):377-81.
25. Gielen S, Adams V, Möbius-Winkler S, Linke A, Erbs S, Yu J, et al. Anti-inflammatory effects of exercise training in the skeletal muscle of patients with chronic heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003 Sep; 42(5):861-8.
26. Wilund KR, Feeney LA, Tomayko EJ, Weiss EP, Hagberg JM. Effects of endurance exercise training on markers of cholesterol absorption and synthesis. Physiol Res. 2009; 58(4):545-52.
27. Miller ER 3rd, Erlinger TP, Young DR, Jehn M, Charleston J, Rhodes D, et al. Results of the diet, exercise, and weight loss intervention trial (DEW-IT). Hypertension. 2002 Nov;40(5):612-8.
28. Simon JA, Smoll FL. An instrument for assessing children’s attitudes toward physical activity. American Alliance for Health, Physical Education and Recreation. 1974; 45(4):407-15. doi: 10.1080/10671315.1974.10615288
29. Leon AS, Gaskill SE, Rice T, Bergeron J, Gagnon J, Rao DC, et al. Variability in the response of HDL cholesterol to exercise training in the HERITAGE family study. Int J Sports Med. 2002 Jan; 23(1):1-9.
30. Durstine JL, Grandjean PW, Cox CA, Thompson PD. Lipids, lipoproteins, and exercise. J Cardiopulm Rehabil. 2002 Nov-Dec; 22(6):385-98.
31. Lalonde L, Gray-Donald K, Lowensteyn I, Marchand S, Dorais M, Michaels G, et al. Comparing the benefits of diet and exercise in the treatment of dyslipidemia. Prev Med. 2002 Jul; 35(1):16-24.
Send email to the article author

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sarmadiyan M, Khorshidi D. Effect of combined endurance and strength training on cystatin C, high- sensitivity C-reactive protein level and cardiovascular risk factors in sedentary postmenopausal women. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2016; 18 (3) :45-51
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-2836-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 18, Issue 3 (10-2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 36 queries by YEKTAWEB 4657