[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Editorial Board::
Executive Members::
Articles Archive::
Instruction to Authors::
Peer-Review::
Contact Us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 18, Issue 1 (3-2016) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2016, 18(1): 128-132 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in nurses and its relationship with the knowledge of ergonomic and environmental factors
Rokni M * 1, Abadi MH1 , Saremi M2 , Mir Mohammadi MT3
1- M.Sc in Professional Health, Department of Environmental and Professional Health, Health vice Presidency of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Faculty Member of Health, Security and Environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Faculty Member of Health Care, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Abstract:   (13103 Views)

Background and Objective: Musculoskeletal disorder is a professional disease which is due to undesirable work condition and is a disturbing factor of health and welfare in societies. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in nurses and its relationship with the knowledge of ergonomic and environmental factors in north of Iran. Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was carried out on 110 nursing staff in Razi and Imam Khomeini hospitals in north of Iran. Questionnaire of the rate of awareness measurement, general questionnaire of musculoskeletal diseases (Nordik), the questionnaires of the health status and the study relationships between some factors in work place were filled out for each nurse. Results: Prevalence of the pain in neck, back, low back, shoulder, knee, thing pain, arm, leg among nurses was 50%, 49%, 58%, 44.9%, 47.3%, 32.7%, 36.4% and 56.4%, respectively. The condition of work place including air filtration (23.6%), light (22.7%) and air condition (4.5%) was not well. Chair (31%) and work table (34%) for work condition and body position of nurses was unsuitable. There was a significant relationship between low back pain and age and time of working per week of nurses (P<0.05). Nurses knowledge in the filed ergonomy was 77% and 22.2% of nurses trained in body condition during work. 60% of nurses were not trained for correct patient transportation and relocation. Conclusion: Nurses suffered more from pain in low back, knee, neck and legs. Training of nurses for patient transportation and body position during working in hospital is essential.

Keywords: Musculoskeletal disorder, Nursing staff, Ergonomy
Full-Text [PDF 171 kb] [English Abstract]   (16158 Downloads) |   |   Abstract (HTML)  (260 Views)  
Type of Study: Short Communication | Subject: Health System
References
1. Choobineh ARA, Neghab M. [Perceived demands and musculoskeletal disorders among hospital nurses]. Hakim Research Journal. 2007; 10(2): 70-75. [Article in Persian]
2. Levy BS, Wegman DH, Baron SL, Sokas RK. Occupational and environmental health: recognizing and preventing disease and injury. 5th. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2006; pp: 488-516.
3. Choobineh A, Tabatabaee SH, Behzadi M. Musculoskeletal problems among workers of an Iranian sugar-producing factory. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2009;15(4):419-24.
4. Balogh I, Ørbaek P, Ohlsson K, Nordander C, Unge J, Winkel J, et al. Self-assessed and directly measured occupational physical activities--influence of musculoskeletal complaints, age and gender. Appl Ergon. 2004 Jan;35(1):49-56.
5. Girault P. Ergonomics: not a new science. Ergonomics in Design 1998; 6(2): 6-30. doi:10.1177/106480469800600203
6. Devereux JJ, Vlachonikolis IG, Buckle PW. Epidemiological study to investigate potential interaction between physical and psychosocial factors at work that may increase the risk of symptoms of musculoskeletal disorder of the neck and upper limb. Occup Environ Med. 2002; 59:269-277. doi:10.1136/oem.59.4.269
7. Rokni M. [Ergonomics in plain language]. 1st. Sari: Shlfyn Publication. 2011; p: 50. [Persian]
8. Mohammadian M, Hasheminejad N, Rahimi Moghadam S, Amiri F. [The survey of musculoskeletal disorders of midwives and its relationship with job stress]. J Fundam Ment Health. 2013; 15(3): 171-83. [Article in Persian]
9. Owen BD, Keene K, Olson S. An ergonomic approach to reducing back/shoulder stress in hospital nursing personnel: a five year follow up. Int J Nurs Stud. 2002 Mar;39(3):295-302.
10. Owen BD, Keene K, Olson S. An ergonomic approach to reducing back/shoulder stress in hospital nursing personnel: a five year follow up. Int J Nurs Stud. 2002 Mar;39(3):295-302.
11. Gust G, Pearson JC, Mair A. The prevalence of low back pain in nurses. International Nursing Review. 1972; 19(2):169-79. doi:10.1097/00006199-197301000-00127
12. Smedley J, Inskip H, Trevelyan F, Buckle P, Cooper C, Coggon D. Risk factors for incident neck and shoulder pain in hospital nurses. Occup Environ Med. 2003 Nov;60(11):864-9.
13. Engels JA, van der Gulden JW, Senden TF, Hof B. Work related risk factors for musculoskeletal complaints in the nursing profession: results of a questionnaire survey. Occup Environ Med. 1996 Sep; 53(9): 636-41.
14. Munabi IG, Buwembo W, Kitara DL, Ochieng J, Mwaka ES. Musculoskeletal disorder risk factors among nursing professionals in low resource settings: a cross-sectional study in Uganda. BMC Nurs. 2014 Feb;13(1):7. doi:10.1186/1472-6955-13-7
15. Trinkoff AM, Lipscomb JA, Geiger-Brown J, Brady B. Musculoskeletal problems of the neck, shoulder, and back and functional consequences in nurses. Am J Ind Med. 2002 Mar; 41(3):170-8.
16. Li G, Buckle P. Current techniques for assessing physical exposure to work-related musculoskeletal risks, with emphasis on posture-based methods. Ergonomics. 1999 May;42(5):674-95.
17. Bowman P, Braswell K, Cohen J, Funke J, Landon H, Martinez P, et al. Benefits of laptop computer ergonomics education to graduate students. Open Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation (OJTR). 2014; 2: 25-32. doi:10.4236/ojtr.2014.21006
18. Kuorinka I, Jonsson B, Kilbom A, Vinterberg H, Biering-Sørensen F, Andersson G, et al. Standardised Nordic questionnaires for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms. Appl Ergon. 1987 Sep;18(3):233-7.
19. Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS). Inspection Checklists Sample Checklist for Offices. [cited 2008]. Available at: https://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/hsprograms/list_off.html
20. Zakeriyan A, Monazam M, Habibi Mohrez M, Soltani Gerdfaramarzi R, Asghari M, Ghaemiyan N. [Relationship between knowledge of ergonomics and work-place conditions with musculoskeletal disorders among nurses of two Iranian hospitals]. Occupational Medicine Quarterly Journal. 2012; 3(4): 19-25. [Article in Persian]


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rokni M, Abadi MH, Saremi M, Mir Mohammadi MT. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in nurses and its relationship with the knowledge of ergonomic and environmental factors. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2016; 18 (1) :128-132
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-2665-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 18, Issue 1 (3-2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 36 queries by YEKTAWEB 4657