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:: Volume 16, Issue 2 (7-2014) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2014, 16(2): 96-101 Back to browse issues page
Diagnostic value of physical examination for topographic detection of infratentorial lesions in patients with cerebrovascular syndromes
Ghandehari K1 , Sharifi Razavi A * 2, Moghaddam Ahmadi A3 , Taheri Heravi M4 , Fadaei S5 , Dastgheib SS6 , Ebrahimzadeh S7
1- Associate Professor, Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, Iran , athena.sharifi@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Science, Rafsanjan, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran
5- Neurologist
6- General Physician, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran
7- B.A in Statistics, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (10412 Views)
Background and Objective: The Detection of neurologic signs for topographical disorders in central nerves system can prevent unnecessary neuroimaging techniques such as MRI. This study was performed to determine the diagnostic value of physical examination for topographic detection of infratentorial lesions in patients with cerebrovascular syndromes. Methods: This descriptive study was done on 200 patients with cerebrovascular syndrome in Qaem Hospital in Mashhad, north-east Iran during 2011. Regarding to topographic physical examination, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value and accuracy of signs of syndromes were compared to MRI as gold standard method. Results: The accuracy of tetraparesis and crossed syndromes for localization of brain lesion in brainstem was 79% and 83%, respectively. The accuracy of hemiataxia for localization of brain lesion in ipsilateral cerebellar hemisphere was 98%. The accuracy of Wallenberg syndrome for localization of brain lesion in posterolateral medulla was 98%. Conclusion: Using clinical neuro-examination skills and accurate topographic physical examination can prevent unwanted MRI technique for the diagnoses of cerebrovascular syndromes.
Keywords: Cerebrovascular Syndrome, Lesion, Topography, Brain, Cerebrovascular, MRI
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Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Neurology
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Ghandehari K, Sharifi Razavi A, Moghaddam Ahmadi A, Taheri Heravi M, Fadaei S, Dastgheib SS et al . Diagnostic value of physical examination for topographic detection of infratentorial lesions in patients with cerebrovascular syndromes. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2014; 16 (2) :96-101
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-2074-en.html


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Volume 16, Issue 2 (7-2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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