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:: Volume 15, Issue 3 (10-2013) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2013, 15(3): 77-83 Back to browse issues page
Efficacy of Ciprofloxacin, Ceftizoxims and Carbenicillin on Klebsiella species isolated from hospital specimens
Soltan Dallal MM1 , Sharifi Yazdi MK * 2, Avadisians S3 , Agha Mirazaei H3 , Sabaghi A3
1- Professor, Food Microbiology Research Center, Division of Microbiology, Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran
2- Professor, Zoonotic Research Centre, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, School of Para Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , mksharifi@tums.ac.ir
3- MSc of Microbiology, Food Microbiology Research Center, Division of Microbiology, Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, ,Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (15794 Views)
Background and Objective: Klebsiella species are gram-negative bacteria with positive voges proskauer (VP) reaction. Klebsiella species are found as commensal in human digestive and respiratory system. This group of organisms can create a serious health hazards in hospitalized patients, and their ability to drug resistance is a major health problems. This study was done to evaluate the efficacy of Ciprofloxacin, Ceftizoxims and Carbenicillin on Klebsiella species isolated from hospital specimens. Materials and Methods: In this laboratory study, 1200 clinical samples were isolated from patients in Imam Khomeini hospital, Tehran, Iran. The identification Klebsiella species were carried out according to conventional biochemical tests. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of carbenicillin, ceftizoxime, and ciprofloxacin antibiotics were determined using Macrodilution broth test. Results: Out of 1200 isolated samples, 25% were identified as Klebsiella species. 73% of identified Klebsiella were obtained from urine samples. Klebsiella.peumoniae with rate of 94% was the most abundant among other species. The results of MIC and minimum bactericidal concentration by using standard microdilution method showed drug resistance range of 16-1024 μg/ml, 4-256 μg/ml and 0.25-16 μg/ml for carbenicillin, ceftizoxime, and ciprofloxacin, respectivley. In general, 94%, 6% and 1% of species were resistance to carbenicillin, ceftizoxime and ciprofloxacin, respectively. Conclusion: Ciprofloxacin and Ceftizoxime are suitable for the treatment of infections due to Klebsiella species.
Keywords: Klebsiella, Nosocomial infection, MIC, MBC, Ciprofloxacin, Ceftizoxime
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Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Microbiology
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Soltan Dallal MM, Sharifi Yazdi MK, Avadisians S, Agha Mirazaei H, Sabaghi A. Efficacy of Ciprofloxacin, Ceftizoxims and Carbenicillin on Klebsiella species isolated from hospital specimens. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2013; 15 (3) :77-83
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-1803-en.html


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Volume 15, Issue 3 (10-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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