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:: Volume 14, Issue 4 (12-2012) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2012, 14(4): 100-106 Back to browse issues page
Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Gonbad Kavoos, North of Iran (2009-11): an epidemiological study
Sofizadeh A (MSc) * 1, Faragi Far AA (BSc)2 , Cherabi M (BSc)3 , Badiei F (MD)4 , Cherabin M5 , Sarli J (BSc)2 , Yapang Gharavi M (BSc)6 , Mehravaran A (MSc)7
1- Medical Entomology, Kalaleh Health Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran , a_sofizadeh@yahoo.com
2- BSc in Public Health, Gonbad Kavoos Health Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
3- BA in Educational Affairs, Gonbad Kavoos Payam Noor University, Gonbad, Iran
4- General Physician , Gonbad Kavoos Health Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
5- Student in Public Health, School of Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
6- BSc in Public Health, Kalaleh Health Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
7- Medical Entomology, Deparmtne of Parasitology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Abstract:   (13781 Views)
Background and Objective: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is one of the zoonosis disease which is transmitted by sand fly and has been considered as one of the most important health problems in Iran. This study was designed to assess the status of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Gonbad Kavoos, North of Iran. Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical retrospective study was performed on the two groups consist of: 1799 patients (995 men and 804 women) referred to health centers of Gonbad Kavoos in Golestan Province North of Iran during 2009-11. Also 278 men and 271 women were selected randomly in one of the villages for the assessment of acute and scar wounds. Patient’s characteristics such as age, sex, habitat, number and sites of ulcer(s), month and years of incidence were registered. Data were analyzed using SPSS-13 and Chi-Square test. Results: From 1799 under care patients, 995 cases (55.3%) were males and 804 cases (44.7%) were females (P<0.05). 1542 patients (85.7%) resided in rural areas, while 257 (14.3%) lived in urban areas (P<0.05). The most frequent age group was 0-9 years old (43.3%) (P<0.05). Hands were the most common sites of ulcer (42.3%) and 37.9% of the patients with one ulser. The highest prevalency of disease was observed in months of October and November (68.4%) 4% and 78.6% of subjects selected from villages were presented with acute wound and scar, respectivley. Conclusion: This study showed that Cutaneous leishmaniasis in 2010-11 was dispersed in Gonbad-Kavoos a city in North of Iran. The endemicity situation of this disease in this area is hypoendemic.
Keywords: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, Epidemiology, Gonbad Kavoos, Golestan province
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Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Parasitology
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Sofizadeh A (MSc), Faragi Far AA (BSc), Cherabi M (BSc), Badiei F (MD), Cherabin M, Sarli J (BSc), et al . Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Gonbad Kavoos, North of Iran (2009-11): an epidemiological study. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2012; 14 (4) :100-106
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-1582-en.html


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Volume 14, Issue 4 (12-2012) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
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