[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Editorial Board::
Executive Members::
Articles Archive::
Instruction to Authors::
Peer-Review::
Contact Us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 14, Issue 2 (6-2012) ::
J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2012, 14(2): 106-111 Back to browse issues page
The main risk factors of pulmonary tuberculosis acquisition in hospitalized patients in Razi hospital, Ahvaz-Iran (2001-07)
Alavi SM (MD) * 1, Ahmadi F (MD)2 , Zargari N (MD)3
1- Associate Professor, Department of Infectious disease, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran , alavi.seyedmohammad@yahoo.com
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Infectious disease, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3- General Physician, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (14896 Views)
Background and Objective: Risk factors of tuberculosis vary in communities according to different socioeconomic conditions. Knowing these risk factors help to control the disease. This study was done to determine the main risk factors of pulmonary tuberculosis acquisition in hospitalized patients. Materials and Methods: In this data based, case-control study 173 tuberculosis patients (as cases) and 305 non tuberculosis patients (as controls) hospitalized in Razi hospital in Ahvaz, Iran during 2001-07 were gone under investigation. Risk factors included injecting drug addiction, smoking, HIV infection, diabetes mellitus, imprisonment and corticosteroid usage. Data were analyzed using SPSS-13, Chi-Square and Fisher exact tests. Odds ratio was determined for risk factors. Results: Frequencies of the main risk factors in case and control groups were as: smoking 54.3%, 14.8% (p=0.0001, OR: 6.5), HIV infection 11.5%, 3% (p=0.0002, OR: 4.3), injecting drug addiction 18%, 3.3% (p=0.0001, OR: 6.7), diabetes mellitus 22.5%, 5.9% (p=0.0001, OR: 4.6) and imprisonment 20.2%, 3.9% (p=0.0001, OR: 6.2), respectively. Corticosteroid use and renal failure were similar in cases and controls. Conclusion: This study showed that smoking, HIV infection, injecting drug addiction, diabetes mellitus and imprisonment were the main risk factors for tuberculosis acquisition in this region.
Keywords: Tuberculosis, Injecting drug addiction, Smoking, HIV infection, Diabetes mellitus, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 255 kb] [English Abstract]   (16391 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Articles | Subject: Infectious Medicine
Send email to the article author


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Alavi SM (MD), Ahmadi F (MD), Zargari N (MD). The main risk factors of pulmonary tuberculosis acquisition in hospitalized patients in Razi hospital, Ahvaz-Iran (2001-07). J Gorgan Univ Med Sci 2012; 14 (2) :106-111
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-1331-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 14, Issue 2 (6-2012) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گرگان Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 36 queries by YEKTAWEB 4645