Volume 5, Issue 2 (10-2017)                   Jorjani Biomed J 2017, 5(2): 33-43 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Associate Professor, Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
2- M.Sc. student of Epidemiology, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan. Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
4- B.Sc of Medical Records, 5Azar Hospital, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
5- M.Sc. of Toxicology, Health Management and Social Development Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran , shayeste.yaghoub@gmail.com
Abstract:   (9847 Views)
Background & Objective: Poisonings are of the major public health challenges. Non-medicinal poisonings are of the most common types and causes of referring to medical centers worldwide. The present study was aimed to determine the non-medicinal poisonings pattern in adults of Gorgan city.
Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on all non-medicinal poisoned patients referred to the 5Azar hospital from 2008 – 2015. Data were collected on checklists using census data collection method and were analyzed by Stata 11.0 software using Pearson’s Chi- square test.
Results: Of all 800 admitted poisoning cases, 227 individuals were non-medicinal and mostly male (72.7%). The ages of 34.4 % of cases were between 20 and 29 years. Moreover, 68.7% of all cases were living in urban areas, 57.7% were married and 27.8% were educated up to high school. Poisonings mostly occurred during summer (30%) and intentional (suicidal) poisonings were known as the major form (47.1%). Opium and aluminum phosphide were the most important poisoning agents (54.2%). Finally, 29 patients (12.8%) had passed away where aluminum phosphide poisoning was the main reason (55.2%).
Conclusion: Intentional poisonings by opium and aluminum phosphide were identified as the main causes of non-medicinal poisonings. It is necessary to emphasize on educational programs, prevention methods and general awareness.
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  • The present study was aimed to determine the non-medicinal poisonings pattern in adults of Gorgan city.
  • Intentional poisonings by opium and aluminum phosphide were identified as the main causes of non-medicinal poisonings.
  • It is necessary to emphasize on educational programs, prevention methods and general awareness.

Type of Article: Original article | Subject: Health
Received: 2018/02/4 | Accepted: 2018/02/4 | Published: 2018/02/4

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