Volume 1, Issue 2 (10-2013)                   Jorjani Biomed J 2013, 1(2): 32-37 | Back to browse issues page

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Nouri A, Barati L, Qhezelsofly F, Niazi S. Causes of Infant Mortality in Kalaleh City During 2004-2012. Jorjani Biomed J. 2013; 1 (2) :32-37
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/jorjanijournal/article-1-188-en.html
1- Gorgan, Iran , abednori@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4373 Views)

Background and objectives:

Almost 130 million infants are born each year, more than 8 million of whom

die before their first year of life. In the developing countries, two thirds of these deaths occur in the first month

of their life. Reduced infant mortality is among the Millennium Development indicators, and this rate is high

in Kalaleh city. This study aimed to identify the most common causes of infant death, so that the avoidable

deaths be prevented by offering intervention plans.


information was collected with the designed form. The data were, then, coded and entered into the SPSS 17

software, and analyzed using independent statistical chi-square test.

In this study, all causes of infant death in Kalaleh city during 2003-2013 were investigated. The


prematurity (47.42%), congenital abnormalities (22.42%), and disasters and accidents (9.79%). 82.73%

of the infants weighed below 2500 g. 60% of the prematurity deaths occurred to primigravid women. There

388 infant deaths accounted for 83% of under-5 mortality. The most common causes of death include

was a statistically significant relationship between primigravity and prematurity infant death with a 95% confidence

(P=0.003). 74.74% of the infant deaths occurred in the first week, and 58.96% in the first 24 hours.


As 38.4% of the infant deaths occurred in the first pregnancy, and 60% of prematurity deaths

happened to primigravid women, and there was a relationship between primigravity and prematurity infant

deaths, the importance of the particular care of these mothers comes into sight. Planning for teaching the im

of caring the primigravid mothers and making their families more sensitive about the significance of


caring these mothers can be effective in reducing premature infant mortality.

Keywords: Mortality, Infant, Premature
Full-Text [PDF 722 kb]   (2535 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original article | Subject: General medicine
Received: 2014/09/8 | Revised: 2014/11/9 | Accepted: 2014/09/8

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