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Showing 2 results for Community Health Centers- Women-Rasht

Leila Mirhadyan , Sekineh Molaee, Homa Mosaffay Khomami , Ehsan Kazem Nejad Leili,
Volume 16, Issue 1 (1-2019)
Abstract

Background and objectives: Diabetes is the most common metabolic disease in developing countries. Because the cause of many chronic diseases lies in the human's lifestyle, performing health promotion behaviors is the best way to maintain and improve the health. Hence, this study aimed to compare the health promoting behaviors based on the Pender model in at risk groups of type 2 diabetes in women referred to health centers of Rasht city 2017.
Methods: This cross-sectional and analytical-descriptive study was performed on 300 women referring to community health centers of Rasht city and was conducted by stratified random sampling method. Data was collected by Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II (HPLP-II) Questionnaire and the questionnaire evaluating the risk of type 2 diabetes using the FINDRISK tool .Data analysis  was performed by SPSS version 21 using ANOVA test, Tukey test and independent T-test.
Results: The mean score and standard deviation of health promotion behaviors in this study have been varied from 144.18 ± 19.56 in the low risk group and 129.27±17.86 in the very high-risk group of type 2 diabetes. The difference in score of health promotion behaviors dimensions in the five groups according to the risk of type 2 diabetes, except the interpersonal relationships dimension, was statistically significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: The high risk and very high risk groups than low risk and very low risk of type 2 diabetes had less scores of health promoting behaviors. In other words, people with a healthier lifestyle were less likely to develop type 2 diabetes .
Hossein Motahari Niya , Hamid Hojjati ,
Volume 16, Issue 1 (1-2019)
Abstract

Background and objectives: Surgery in children around the world, including our country, is a stressful activity for mothers of children and reduces their self-efficacy in childcare. It is important to use psychological training approaches, especially in mothers, to improve their self-efficacy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cognitive strategy training on reducing the stresses caused by Children's Surgery in mothers and on their self-efficacy.
Methods: In an experimental study in Taleghani Pediatric Center in 1396, 60 mothers whose children had surgery were randomly selected and allocated to intervention and control groups. The general psychological training and stress management program was implemented for the intervention group. Data collection tool was a questionnaire of two-part parenting self-efficacy questionnaire (PSAM DEMO).
Results: The independent t-test was not significantly different between the two groups before intervention (P-value = 0.72). However, after intervention, the level of self-efficacy in the intervention and control group showed a significant difference (P <0.01). Therefore, the level of self-efficacy in the control group was lower. ANOVA showed a significant difference between the intervention and control groups before and after the intervention (P <0.01). Eta of 0.47 shows that approximately 50% of the changes in the increase in self-efficacy of the mothers of children with preoperative surgery related to the intervention. Therefore, the mothers of the intervention group had more self-efficacy than the control group before surgery.
Conclusion: Strategies for providing appropriate education for mothers with children undergoing surgery can be suggested as an effective approach to increasing the self-efficacy of mothers in all hospitals throughout the country. 

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