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Mr Ali Abbasi, Mr Hamid Asayesh, Mr Hossein Rahmani, Mr Alireza Shariati, Mr Seyyed Abedin Hosseini, Mr Ghanbar Rouhi, Mr Einollah molaie,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (10-2011)

  Background and Objective: Caregivers of chronic renal failure are faced with Hemodialysis related problems and coping with caring responsibilities.The Caregiver Burden is The negative effect of living with these patients. The aim of this study was to determine The Burden on Cargivers from Hemodialysis Patients and related factors.

  Material and Methods: ­ In this descriptive and analytical study, 120 Caregivers of chronic renal failure­ patients treated by Hemodialysis Gorgon's Panje Hospital were selected via census method . The construment was a demographics chek list and Caregiver Burden scale. We did Data analysis by spss software with, independent T-test, oneway, pearson and spearman test
(p< 0.05).

  Results: The majority of Caregivers (74.2%) have severe Burden. There is a direct significant correlation between total Burden and the duration,of discase and revers significant correlation between total Burden and the ability to perform patients daily life activities ­­(p< 0.05). The caregivers with a disease endure the heavier Burden (p< 0.05). The caregivers with poor economic condition and Caregivers of with high dependenc y patients bear more Burdens
(p< 0.05).

  Conclusion:­ According to the findings, because of high Burden on Caregivers, we recommend that designing some plans to be designed to for improve the coping strategies and control of the factors affected on Caregiver Burden to promote their health .

Einollah molaie, Hamid Asayesh, Behzad Taghva Kish, Mostafa Ghorbani,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (2-2012)

  Background and Objective : The relation between gender and emotional intelligence has been considered in different studies and it seems that females have higher emotional intelligence. ­We aimed to determine gender difference in emotional intelligence among students of Golestan University of medical sciences.

  Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted, 2008, on 180­ students selected randomly.­ For data collection, we used a valid and reliable­(r= 0.75 to 0.85)­emotional intelligence questionnaire named Cyberia shrink. Descriptive statistics and independent t-test
(p ≤ 0.05) were used to analyze the data, using SPSS-­16 software.

  Results: As the results show, There is significant difference­(P=0.03)­between Females’ emotional intelligence (104.2) and males’ (100.1). Female students have higher scores in their self control, self awareness and social awareness (P<0.05). There is no the self motivation and social skills between males and females are not significantly different.

Conclusion: ­ There is no difference in all components of emotional intelligence between two genders, but we can say self control and social awareness can be influenced by gender .
Saied Ghari, Einollah molaie, Dr Mohammad Mojerloo, Naser Behnampour, Alireza Shariati, Mohammad Jafar Aghakhani, Maryam Khari, Robabeh Salehi,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (1-2013)

  Background and objective : Low blood pressure and Muscle cramps are common complications of Hemodialysis. One approach that has recently been proposed to prevent this complication is the combination of sodium and ultrafiltration. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of of sodium and ultrafiltration profile on some of the common complications during Hemodialysis.

  Material and Methods: In this crossover clinical trial study, 22 Hemodialysis patients referred to Panje-­Azar Hospital in 2012 were divided randomly into two groups. For each group, two treatment protocols were conducted, six hemodialysis sessions. The intervention protocol was a linear sodium dialysate and linear ultrafiltration. In routine Protocol, both sodium dialysate and ultrafiltration were considered constant. Using chi-square test and relative risk, the data was analyzed (P<0.05).

  Results: The mean age is 54.73 ± 11.21 year and 59.1% of them are females. The incidence of hypotension and muscle cramps in the experimental protocol procedure is significantly decreased compared with that of control group (P<0.05), but the incidence of headache and vomiting is not significant (P<0.05).

  Conclusion: Because sodium and ultrafiltration profile is simple and cost-free and reduces the incidence of complications during dialysis, we recommend using sodium and UF profile instead of routine one.

Einollah molaie, Zahra Royani, Dr Mohammad Moujerloo, Dr Naser Behnampour, Javad Golage, Maryam Khari,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (5-2014)

Background and Objective: Fatigue is one of the most common side effect in hemodialysis patients. This study aimed to assess the factors associated with fatigue in hemodialysis patients, such as demographic variables, anxiety, depression and quality of sleep. 
Material and Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was conducted on 58 eligible, randomly selected patients of 165 hemodialysis patients referred to Panje Azar Hospital in Gorgan. The instruments were a demographic checklist, Fatigue Severity Scale, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Beck Depression Inventory. The data was analyzed by SPSS 17 software using Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, Spearman's correlation coefficient and linear regression. 
Results: The mean average of fatigue in all patients was 1.66±4.76. Twenty-six of the participants (44.8%) expressed that they suffer from moderate anxiety, 17 (29.3%) from severe depression and 43 (74.1%) from poor quality of sleep. The relationship between fatigue and anxiety (P = 0.006, r = 0.353) and depression (P≤.001, r=0.525) was directly significant whereas the relationship is not significant for sleep quality. 
Conclusion: Given the high prevalence of fatigue in hemodialysis patients and the impact of multiple factors, we strongly recommend that care providers should consider these factors to improve patients’ quality of life.

Dr Mohammad Moujerloo, Einollah molaie, Zahra Montazer, Dr Naser Behnampour, Alireza Shariati , Maryam Khari,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (4-2015)

Background and Objective: Cool temperature dialysate has been recommended to improve hypotension during dialysis. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the effect of lowering the dialysate temperature on intradialytic hypotension (IDH) and some interventions in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). Material and Methods: This randomized controlled trial with a cross over design was conducted on 50 patients divided into two equal groups. Each group was dialyzed for two periods of 12 HD sessions, once with standard temperature (37°C) and in the next period with cool dialysate (35.5°C). Blood pressure and the related interventions were noted during each dialysis. The Data was analyzed using Chi-square, McNemar, Independent and Paired T Tests. 
Results: Overall, the frequency of hypotension in routine method was 18% and in cool dialysis was 5%. It means that hypotention in cool dialysis is significantly less than that of routin method (P<0.004). Furthermore, the mean of hypotension related interventions in both groups was also significant (P<0.001). 
Conclusion: Owing to the effect of cool dialysate temperature on stabilizing hemodynamic parameters, we recommend using this method during hemodialysis in hypotensive patients.

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