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Leila Mirhadyan , Sekineh Molaee, Homa Mosaffay Khomami , Ehsan Kazem Nejad Leili,
Volume 16, Issue 1 (1-2019)
Abstract

Background and objectives: Diabetes is the most common metabolic disease in developing countries. Because the cause of many chronic diseases lies in the human's lifestyle, performing health promotion behaviors is the best way to maintain and improve the health. Hence, this study aimed to compare the health promoting behaviors based on the Pender model in at risk groups of type 2 diabetes in women referred to health centers of Rasht city 2017.
Methods: This cross-sectional and analytical-descriptive study was performed on 300 women referring to community health centers of Rasht city and was conducted by stratified random sampling method. Data was collected by Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II (HPLP-II) Questionnaire and the questionnaire evaluating the risk of type 2 diabetes using the FINDRISK tool .Data analysis  was performed by SPSS version 21 using ANOVA test, Tukey test and independent T-test.
Results: The mean score and standard deviation of health promotion behaviors in this study have been varied from 144.18 ± 19.56 in the low risk group and 129.27±17.86 in the very high-risk group of type 2 diabetes. The difference in score of health promotion behaviors dimensions in the five groups according to the risk of type 2 diabetes, except the interpersonal relationships dimension, was statistically significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: The high risk and very high risk groups than low risk and very low risk of type 2 diabetes had less scores of health promoting behaviors. In other words, people with a healthier lifestyle were less likely to develop type 2 diabetes .
Leila Mirhadyan, Saeid Moradi Latreyi, Afsaneh Pasha, Ehsan Kazem Nejad Leili,
Volume 17, Issue 1 (4-2020)
Abstract

Background: Junk food consumption is an unhealthy adolescent nutritional habit that is affected by family structure, peer groups, and socioeconomic status. The present study was conducted to determine the association between junk food consumption and personal, familial, and social characteristics considering high school students in Rasht, Iran.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 341 students in their second year of high school in Rasht, Iran in 2017. They were selected using a two-stage cluster random sampling. Data was collected using a checklist. Data was analyzed in SPSS 16 using Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests at a significance level of 0.05.
Results: Sweet snacks were consumed the most (27.3%). Frequency of junk food consumption was significantly higher in students whose fathers had a university degree (P=0.037) and those with monthly family income of more than 2 million Rials. (P=0.004).
Conclusions: The results indicate that students whose fathers have a higher education and income level have more tendencies toward junk food consumption; hence, it is worth considering the relevant factors in order to improve the adolescents' health.
 

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