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Showing 236 results for Type of Study: Original Article

Ali Zafarzadeh, Abotaleb Buy, Kamal Mirkarimi, Ahmad Heidari,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (8-2019)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Pesticides are chemical compounds which are used to fight against and to control plant and animal pests as vectors of diseases. In view of being exposed to pesticides farmers are at high risk of occupational diseases.in this regard, the predictability of Health Belief Model (HBM) has been confirmed forth studies in promoting health behaviors. The present study was implemented to investigate the determinants of health behaviors of farmers on poisoning with Pesticide sign Golestan province based on HBM.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 294 farmers covered under Health Houses in Azadshahr, Golestan province in 2015. A multi-stage sampling method was utilized. Data collection instrument was a three-part questionnaire (including demographics characteristics, behaviors and constructs of HBM). To analyze, descriptive statistics such as mean and standard deviation and inferential statistics including Pearson and Spearman rank correlation coefficient, one-way ANOVA, and linear regression model were run. The P-value was considered statistically significant as <0.05.
Results: The mean age and standard deviation of participants was 46.12 ± 11.45 years (ranged 17 to 75 years). Given education status, 177 (60.1%) contributors were poorly- educated i.e. not awarding of a high school diploma or the equivalent. The participants ordinarily used television educational programs 226 (76.9%) and also chemical dealers 201 (68.4%) as main cues to action. There was a remarkable correlation between education status and the amount of pesticide (p=0.024). In final, perceived barriers was the variable for predicting the healthy behavior of farmers (β= 0.208, p=0.004).
Conclusion: The results presented in this study recommend that since the vast majority of farmers were awarded high school diploma, designing and developing effective interventions in order to promote knowledge and perceived self-efficacy should be considered.
Fahimeh Dehghani, Fatemeh Foroughian Yazdi, Rohollah Askari,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (8-2019)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: The quality of hospital systems depends greatly on the performance of nurses, and the performance of nurses has a significant effect on individual patients` satisfaction. Therefore, it is important to examine the factors related to nurses' performance. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and occupational hardiness and the job performance in pre-hospital and hospital emergency nurses in Yazd.
Materials and Methods: This study was a descriptive, cross-sectional research, which was carried out on 132 pre-hospital and hospital emergency nurses in Yazd, who were selected using stratified sampling with proportional allocation in 2016. Data were collected through three standard questionnaires of spiritual intelligence, occupational hardiness and job performance and were analyzed by SPSS software version 19 and descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis.
Results: The mean (±standard deviation) of the variables of job performance, spiritual intelligence and occupational hardiness were 52.46(±11.16), 121.32(±12.59), and 53.29(±8.72), respectively. According to the results of the data analysis, spiritual intelligence and occupational hardiness served a significant role in prediction of job performance and explanation of 18 percent of total variance of it (F=14.27, P<0.01). Both predictor variables, spiritual intelligence (β=0.32, P=0.001) and occupational hardiness (β=0.24, P=0.004) showed significant and positive contribution in the prediction of the job performance.
Conclusion: According to the results, developing spiritual intelligence and occupational hardiness can help to improve the job performance of the pre-hospital and hospital emergency nurses.
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Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-1997)
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Volume 2, Issue 1 (9-1997)
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Volume 2, Issue 1 (9-1997)
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Asieh Sadad Baniaghil,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2-2008)
Abstract

Background and objectives: Health education is a communicative activity that can be used to make people accept hehaviors effective on healthy life. This study aimed at comparing group education and the current method of olucation on family planning
 Material and Methods: In This pre-experimental study, the researcher sclected randomly four health centers out of 23. Then 120 women aged 15-45 were divided randomly into two groups of case and control. She instructed the case group in education classcs (10-15 members) taken for two hours. The control group was given individual education. The material of education was the same in both youns. After 3-6 mnonth, their family planning practice was recorded and analyzed by statistical tests such as chi-square.
Resu ts: The results in case group show that %60 (up to 3 months) and 256 (up to 6 months) of the subjects use a reliable contraceptive method after education. But in control group 3% and 7% of the samples, respectively. The difference between the two groups is significant (p=0/000).
Conclusion: Active group education is an effective way of casily accepting of family planning,
Mansor Tahanian, Mohamad Javad Mogassemi, Mehdi Gorbani, Abolghasem Badeli,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2-2008)
Abstract

Background and objectives: accidents are the most prevalent causes of mortality and disability in the world and car accident is one of the main causes of death in Iran. Car accident is one of the biggest predicaments of the public health and developinent in Golestan province and their victims are mostly young and efficient people. Hence, the study of the effective factors can be useful in suggesting essential strategies leading to accident reduction. Materials and Methods: We carried out this CIOSS-sectional study on all 644 cases available in medico-legal organization of golestan province, 2006. After data collection, we did data analysis by SPSS software. Results: The findings show that 644 people died in the accidents, 2006. The victims are men (84.8%), 30-49 year old (25.294), illiterates (28.9%), died at the scene (44.6%), died by head injury (62.7%) and motorcyclist (41.6%). Most of them died or have been injured in high ways (65.4%), but only a small nurrber of accident occurred in minor roads or villages (12.999). In terms of job, workers have a high mortality rate. Most of accidents occur in summer, the most crowded time of the year (34%). Conclusion: The implementation of the following preventive measure can be helpful in reducing the mortality rate: making roads and driving safer and providing telephone coverage in remote arcas to transfer the casualties fast.
Morteza Mansourian, Naser Behnampoor, Leyla Padash, Rahman Charkazi, Mostafa Gorbani,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2-2008)
Abstract

    Background and Objectives: 
lesson plan is an educational strategy that the teacher designs for an individual lesson. The aim of this study was the determination of faculty member's attitude toward lesson plan in Golestan University of medical sciences
    Material and Methods:    
    We performed this cross-sectional Study on faculty members (N=55) of Golestan university of medical sciences. The instrument was a questionnaire including demographic and attitude questions. We used chi square to analyze the data (P<0.05).
      Results: The mean age of the subjects is 38.58+8.71. They are male (79%), basic sciences lecturers (51%). With 11_6.17 years of service, official faculty members (58.2%), without any lesson plan (11.3%), the participants of lesson plan workshop (67.3%), with an average of 7.14=3.38 credits in a semester. 41.8% of them access their lesson plan to students, 14.76% aren't familiar with Education Center (EDC) activities and 10% havc ncgative attitude toward lesson plan (P<0.05). There is significant difference between the subject's attitude and their specialty (clinical or basic sciences) and the number of lessons. But it isn't true for age, gender. course, teaching experience employinent and the number of credits.
     Conclusion: according to the crucial role of lesson plan, holding the lesson plan workshop faculty members and motivate them to prepare lesson plan can be effective in the promotion of education quality.

Masomeh Delaram, Ali Hasanpoor Dehkordi, Kobra Noriyan, Afsaneh Kazemyan, Nasrin Fouroozandeh,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2-2008)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Emergency contraception methods used in a specilic time after an unprotected intercourse can reduce the incidence of unwanted pregnancy. Considering the role of health care provider's intercourse can extremely reduce the incidence of unwanted pregnancy, Considering the role of health- care providers in preventing unintended pregnancy, we decided to assess their knowledge, Attitude and Practice about emergency contraceptive methods in Shahr-e-kord, Irun.
Material and Methods: The subjects of this descriptive study were 102 lealth care providers engaged in all heath centers (N=9) and Hajar hospital of shahr-e-kord. After collecting the data by a researcher- made questionnaire, we used Chi-square and Pearson correlation coefficient to analyze the data
 Results: The results show that their knowledge of emergency contraceptive methods is inadequate (5.9%), moderate (37.3 %) and adequate (59.9%). Their attitude (80%) is positive and believe that these methods can not be considered abortion. More than 70% of them try to recommend these methods to the women. There is signilicant correlation between the level of knowledge and education level (P=0.002).
Conclusion: We recommend updating the people's knowledge about emergency contraceptive methods, mainly jud
Shohreh Kolagari, Khadije Yazdi, Zahra Mirkarimi,, Naser Behnampoor,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2-2008)
Abstract

Background and objectives: Territoriality is a defined area that a person considers as its own and that he/she defends against intruders. We carried out this study to determine the patients attitude toward the respect of human territory in 5 Azar hospital, Gorgan, Iran.
Material and Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was conducted on 272 in 2008. The instrument was a questionnaire including demographic data and territory-related questions (r=869). We used Mann Whitney, kruskal-Wallis, and spearman correlation to analyse the data.
 Results: The subjects are women (72.4%) with the mean age of 47.80 +17.28. The mean score of the patients' viewpoint is 2.97= 0.61. The rate of respect is 74%. There is no significant correlation between the attitude of patients and the demographic variables.
Conclusion: Based on the results, the respect of human rights and territory is always being considered by patients. Thercforc. further rescarch about the factors affecting on it is extremely important.

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