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Showing 10 results for Awareness

Mr Hossein Rahmani, Dr Gholamreza Mahmodi, Mr Ghanbar Rouhi, Mr Hossein Nasiri, Mis Horolnesa Sheikh, Mr Behzad Taghvakish,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (11-2010)

  Background and Objective : Neurologic patients' care givers are faced with many challenges and stresses, affecting on their health if they cope with an inappropriate style. The awareness of the care givers about coping strategies is necessary to prevent from their psychological problems, therefore the present study was conducted to determine the coping strategies of men and women care givers of Neurologic patients at home.

  Material and Methods : This descriptive-Analytical study was conducted on 200 subjects selected by convenience sampling method. The instrument was Jawiloice coping strategy scale­ having two dimensions of problem-focused­ part (15 ­questions) and
emotion-focused (24 questions). The data analysis was performed using estimates of central tendency, Chi-Square, Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney test and Anova (P<0.05) by spss 16.

  Results: The participants were men (N=120) and women (N=80). The problem-focused subscale in men is 51.86 ± 6.3 and in women 52.86 ± 7.63, whereas in emotional-focused the result is 72.86 ± 13.89 in men and 69.68 ± 11.65 in women. In latter dimension, the difference is not statistically significant. ­In problem-focused between men and women, the difference is significant (p≤0.05). Considering coping levels to low, moderate, and high, there is no meaningful difference between males and females. Duration of involvement with patients is significantly correlated with emotional-focused (p≤ 0.05) and income status with problem-focused (p≤ 0.03).

  Conclusion: According to the findings, the care givers must be educated about effective coping strategies skills to decrease stresses due to care of the patients and to improve mental health.

Einollah Molaie, Hamid Asayesh, Behzad Taghva Kish, Mostafa Ghorbani,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (2-2012)

  Background and Objective : The relation between gender and emotional intelligence has been considered in different studies and it seems that females have higher emotional intelligence. ­We aimed to determine gender difference in emotional intelligence among students of Golestan University of medical sciences.

  Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted, 2008, on 180­ students selected randomly.­ For data collection, we used a valid and reliable­(r= 0.75 to 0.85)­emotional intelligence questionnaire named Cyberia shrink. Descriptive statistics and independent t-test
(p ≤ 0.05) were used to analyze the data, using SPSS-­16 software.

  Results: As the results show, There is significant difference­(P=0.03)­between Females’ emotional intelligence (104.2) and males’ (100.1). Female students have higher scores in their self control, self awareness and social awareness (P<0.05). There is no the self motivation and social skills between males and females are not significantly different.

Conclusion: ­ There is no difference in all components of emotional intelligence between two genders, but we can say self control and social awareness can be influenced by gender .
Mis Akram Sanagoo, Mis Seyyedeh Zahra Moosavi Khorshidi, Mis Leila Joybari, Mis Maryam Chehrehgosha,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (8-2012)

  Background and Objective : One of the important factors for safe Parturition of women is considering the birth intervals. It seems that knowing about effective factor on behavior and action of people is good for health policy. Thus, we aimed at studying the knowledge, attitude and practice of married women, referring to Gorgan’s health centers in 2008, about contraception methods.

  Material and Methods : We conducted this descriptive-analytic study on 275 married women, selected via convenience sampling, referring to six health centers in Gorgan. The Data was collected by a researcher-made questionnaire (α=0.8) including four parts of demographic, knowledge, attitude and practice, and analyzed by SPSS software, using descriptive statistics, correlation and Chi Square.

Results: The main reported contraceptive methods are coitus interruptus (36.36%) and condoms (20.72%).­ There is significant relationship between knowledge and occupational status (P=0.011), knowledge and educational level­ (P<0.05), ­­practice and educational level­ (P<0.000), and between attitude and occupational status­ (P=0.012).

  Conclusion: Increased level of knowledge is one of the essential components of improving level of the health and hygiene. The main point for family planning should be stress on heightening of educational level.­ Strengthening the knowledge and changing the attitude may lead to women selecting the safe contraceptive method and modifying ­their fertility behaviors.

  Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Action, Contraception methods

Ghanbar Rouhi, Seyyed Abedin Hosseini, Hossein Rahmani Anaraki, Einollah Mollaie, Hossein Nasiri,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (1-2013)

  Background and Objective: ­ With the development of human societies,­ the needs for different types of health services are increasing. Because of limitations and shortage of national resources, the awareness of health administrators about appropriate allocation of resources leads to efficient use of assets. The aim of this study was to measure the workload and efficacy of nursing staff in internal ward.

  Material and Methods: ­ This descriptive and cross sectional study was conducted on, via census sampling, all nursing activities performed by 10 nurses for 94 patients in Panje-Azar Hospital of Gorgan. ­To determine the efficacy, we asked the subjects to fill out a researcher made, validated questionnaire and measured the time of their presence in the ward. Data analysis was performed by analysis variance, using SPSS-16 software.

  Results: Of ­­total time of presence,­ ­20.3% is spent for documentary activities whereas only 0.49% for patient education. Overall, the spent time for direct and indirect nursing activities is 46.46% and 53.54%, respectively. The efficacy of nursing staff is 62%, ­the highest (66.6­ %) for morning shift and the lowest for night shift (58.34­ %). There is no significant difference, using analysis variance, in efficacy rates of work shifts­ (morning, evening and night).

  Conclusion : In spit of efficacy of over 50 percent in different shifts, the educational programs related to time management, human resource development and electronic nursing are necessary to increase the efficacy.

Soheila Esfahankalate, Seyedeh Maryam Hasheminsab, Azam Esfahankalate,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (11-2014)

Background and Objective: It is imperative that the application of appropriate educational methods is of paramount importance to nutrition knowledge and health of pregnant women. Hence, this study aimed at investigating the effect of lecture and group discussion on improving pregnant women's awareness. 
Material and Methods: This peri-experimental study was conducted on 110 pregnant women selected via cluster random sampling in eight villages of Gorgan, Iran, in 2009. They were allocated to two groups of lecture (n=52) and group discussion (n=36). The instrument was researcher made awareness questionnaire, consisting of 22 questions, whose reliability was confirmed by Alpha Cronbach (0.647) for data analysis, we used Pearson correlation, pared t test and t-dependent. 
Results: The mean age of lecture group was 24.65± 5.13 and that of group discussion was 23.56± 14.48. the educational level in 86.5% of lecture group and 94.4% of group discussion was at the level of middle school. There was no significant relationship between lecture group and group discussion. Furthermore , both groups had not any significant correlation with variables such as gestational age, pregnancy history and education level.
Conclusion: Given that the current training programs in health system are adequate, it is a necessity to motivate and promote healthy behavior in pregnant women.

Mohammad Heidari, Sara Shahbazi,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (4-2015)

Background and Objective: Patient handling is a dynamic process in that the consideration of its principles is a paramount importance to safety of both patients and personnel. Hence, we aimed to evaluate EMS staff’s knowledge and practice about the principles and equipment used for patient handling in Isfahan EMS centres. 
Material and Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was conducted, via census method, on 80 EMS staff. The instruments were a demographic checklist and a questionnaire to assess the knowledge and practice of EMS staff about the principles and equipment for patient handling. 
Results: Based on the results, 82.5% had an adequate knowledge and 76.25% appropriate level of practice. The mean of knowledge was 17.79±3.14 and that of practice was 19.275±3052. All variables were not significantly associated with both knowledge and practice (P>0.05). 
Conclusion: Regardless of adequate level of knowledge and practice in the majority of EMS personnel, we recommend holding some in-service training.

Zahra Sabzi, Hamideh Mancheri, Zahra Royani, Seyedyaghoob Jafari, Dr Mahnaz Modanloo,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (12-2015)

Background and Objective: Nursing students are experiencing stress in related to academic and clinical training programs.  Given the importance of promoting mental health and emotional intelligence in academic performance,  the study of emotional intelligence and related factors could be the basis for strengthening this important variable by designing and implementing of effective training programs.

Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 125 nursing & midwifery students selected randomly in 2013. The instruments were a demographic checklist and Shyryng Sybrya Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire. The data was analyzed in SPSS16 using descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and ANOVA, T- TEST (p&le 0.05).

Results: The mean of emotional intelligence was 109.12±12.27 in nursing and 113.32±13.26 in midwifery students.  The  total score and  the score of all dimensions of  Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire were not related significantly with some demographic factors such as age, residential place, interest to major and economic status (P>0.05), in both nursing and midwifery students. In nursing students, the meaningful relation was found just between Self-awareness dimension and gender (P=0.034) and grade point average (GPA)   (P=0.049). The score of Self-awareness was higher in female students and  in the students with higher GPA.

Conclusion: Regarding the relationship between some demographics and emotional intelligence, we can design and implement effective educational programs to boost this important component.

Fouzieh Bakhsha, Solmaz Halakou , Seyed Yaghoub Jafari, Zahra Yousefi, Mohammad Aryaee,
Volume 15, Issue 2 (7-2018)

Introduction: Surgery and anesthesia are the common practice for anesthetist on the one hand and very worrying for the patient and his family on the other. This fear can have potentially dangerous consequences. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the awareness and fear of patients and their companions towards anesthesia.
Methods: The present study employed a descriptive-analytic design. The instrument was a questionnaire with 38 items consisting of 20 items for fear of anesthesia, 13 items for awareness of anesthesia, and 3 items for the role of anesthesia personnel. The research population included patients undergoing surgery and their companions. The sample population was selected using non-random sampling. Data was analyzed using SPSS software version 16.
Results: In this study, 328 patients and 325 patients' companions (n = 653) were enrolled. The mean score of fear of anesthesia for patients and their companions was 77.56 ± 20.15 and 82.56 ± 20.51, respectively. The mean score of anesthesia awareness for patients and their companions was 6.27 ± 2.33, 33.6 ± 2.86, respectively. No significant correlation was found between fear and anesthesia awareness among patients.
Conclusion: The results of the study showed that patients and their companions had a relatively high degree of fear towards anesthesia and did not have enough awareness about anesthesia and its related factors. Therefore, it seems that provision of educational and anesthetic counseling before surgery can be very helpful in order to improve the conditions.
Keywords: Anesthesia, Patient, Fear, awareness
Tayebe Ziaei , Marzieh Gorzin , Masumeh Rezai , Nasser Behnampour ,
Volume 15, Issue 2 (7-2018)

Introduction: Sexual satisfaction is an important indicator of sexual health and is strongly associated with satisfaction of interpersonal relationships. Self-awareness refers to pay attention to the thoughts, feelings, and it is the introduction of interpersonal relationships. Due to this relationship,a study was conducted to determine the impact of individual counseling based on self-awareness skills on sexual satisfaction in women of reproductive age of Gorgan, Iran.
Methods: An interventional study was conducted as a field trial on 76 women of reproductive age referred to Gorgan health centers in the fall of 1395. The samples were availablility selected and randomly divided into intervention and control groups. In the first step, the Hudson Sexual Satisfaction Persian Questionnaire were completed by all women. Then,the women in the intervention group were consulted with six sessions of individual counseling based on self-awareness skills intervention. One month after counseling, both post-tests were performed in both groups.  Variables with T-student and Mann - Whitney using SPSS 16 software were analyzed.
Results: There was no statistically significant difference between mean score of sexual satisfaction before intervention between two controls (103.21 ± 10.15) and intervention groups (102.36 ± 10.00). But, there was a statistically significant difference between mean score of sexual satisfaction after intervention; 103.39 ± 10.04 for the control group and 112.1 ± 7.97 for the intervention group (P-Value<0.0001).
Conclusion: The results show that to increase sexual satisfaction promoting the awareness about sexual issues is not the only solution, but also promoting the self-awareness skills via recognizing their positive and negative characteristics is necessary. Hence, healthcare providers can use individual counseling based on self-awareness skills to increase sexual satisfaction.
Soheila Rabipoor, Maryam Abedi,
Volume 17, Issue 1 (4-2020)

Background: pregnancy is one of the most stressful periods a woman experiences in her life. This study was done to determine the perceived stress and prenatal distress in pregnancy and its related factors.
Methods: The is cohort study was carried out on 110 pregnant women whit gestational age of 24 to 28 weeks who referred to Reference laboratory in Miandoab city in 2016-2017. The sample was selected based on availability. The Cohen Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and Prenatal Distress Questionnaire (PDQ) and demographical information were used. All obtained data were analyzed in SPSS- 23 using t test, Paired-t test and person test. Significant level was considered less than 0.05.
Results: The results of study show perceived stress and prenatal distress scores in 32-36 weeks have been uptrend than 24-28 weeks. Also, there was a significant relationship between wanted pregnancy with the mean stress score in 24-28 weeks (p=0.04). Also, between perceived stress score in 32-36 weeks and maternal education level (p=0.045) and between the distress score in 24-28 weeks pregnant and the wanting the sex of the fetus by the women. (p=0.045)
Conclusions: According to the results, stress and anxiety of pregnant women increase with approaching delivery time; caregivers should be taken into consideration by pregnant women. In addition, the results of the study show the importance of holding educational classes and raising women’s' awareness of pregnancy and childbirth and having a planned pregnancy to reduce stress and distress.

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