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Showing 9 results for Jafari

Mis Akram Sanagoo, Mis Leila Jouybari, Mis Mahnaz Rezaiean, Mr Seyyed Yaqob Jafari, Mr Seyyed Ali Hosseini,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (journal of gorgan 2011)

  Background and Objective: Happiness is related with efficiency, hope, power of thinking, academic achievement and quality of life. Any efforts to create a happy climate for the students may produce positive outcomes directly or indirectly on the society. The first step to would understand the students experiences of happiness in academic environment.

  Material and Methods : ­ In this phenomenological study the data gathered through open-interactive interviews with 50 university students. The sampling was purposeful and continued till achieving data saturation. The data analyzed according Colliazi approach.

  Results: The main themes that emerged were "peace of mind and heart" and "passion and inspiration". Being purposeful and feeling accomplishment also were two factors that made the students happy.

  Conclusion: ­ Since­ the participants perceived happiness and being purposeful, and achievement related together therefore, developing approaches to create a happy university environment combined with spiritual wellbeing should be considered important for the educational policy makers.

Mr Hamid Asayesh, Mr Ali Akbar Abdollahi, Mr Seyyed Yaqob Jafari, Mis Mahnaz Rezaiean,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (journal of gorgan 2011)

  Background and Objective: Student's ­ mental ­ health­ is one of the effective factors on academic achievement and it seems that the experience of university environment leads to some changes in it. The aim of this study was the assessment of Golestan medical university students' mental health, when they enter university and after one year.

  Material and Methods: In this descriptive and analytical study,the mental health of 132 students of Golestan university of medical sciences were measured in two times. The first was in entrance to university and the second was after one year.The date was gathered by a demographic data sheet and general health questionnaire (GHQ-28). Statistical analysis was done in SPSS­-16 software environment,using descriptive statistics, spearman correlation coefficient, paired T-­test and independent T-­test.

  Results: The subjects aged19.89 ± 1.22 are both boys(n=43,32.6%) and girls(n=89,67.4%). In entrance to university, 22% of students are indicaled as an inappropriate mental health.Paired­ T-test indicated that students' total mental health score and its subscales (somatic symptom, anxiety and sleep disorder, social dysfunction and depression) has no significant difference in two measurements­(P>0.05).Based on independent T-test, the second measurement of mental health is not significant between dormitory residents and non dormitory students, and between native and nonnative students (P>0.05).

   Conclusion: According to our finding, in first year of university, student's mental health has no special changes. Small sample size and lack of follow up in later years of university can be our study limitation.

Dr Abdolrahman Charkazi, Mohammad Taghi Badeleh, Seyyed Abedin Hosseini, Ghanbar Rouhi, Dr Akram Sanagoo, Seyyed Yaghoob Jafari,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (1-2013)

 Background and Objective : ­ Teachers’ evaluation is considered one of the important strategies for education quality enhancement in universities. The objective of the current study was to investigate the students’ viewpoints about the evaluation criteria of teacher’s performance in theoretical courses in Golestan University of Medical Sciences.

  Material and Methods: This cross- sectional study was conducted, in 2008, on 330 students of various disciplines. They were recruited via stratified random sampling and asked to fill out a valid and reliable questionnaire including 63 closed questions, which are related to individual, scientific and professional fields. ­Using SPSS software, we analyzed the data by descriptive statistics, independent t­-test, and Anova and Pearson correlation.

 Results: Seventy-three-point-three (n=242) are females and 26.7% (n=88) males. ­The most important factors in teacher's evaluation are Professional characteristics (4.22±0.42).­­Their scientific ability (4.14) and individual characteristics (3.86%), respectively, are the other factors. In professional characteristics, ­“The verbal skills and teaching methods " with the mean of 4.64 in scientific ability, "the knowledge and scientific power" with the mean of 4.65 and in individual issue, “patience and good humor" with the mean of 4.61 are the most important issues. Sixty-two-point-four percent of students believe that they are honest about their evaluation and 59.4% of them claim that their evaluation is reliable.

  Conclusion : In spite of the importance of the scientific abilities, the verbal skills and teaching methods are considered the most prominent ones. ­The Students’ viewpoints can be used as an important part of teachers' evaluation for recognizing and eliminating the shortcomings.

Einollah Mollaie, Saied Ghari, Dr Mohammad Mojerloo, Naser Behnampour, Alireza Shariati, Mohammad Jafar Aghakhani, Seyyed Yaghoob Jafari, Maryam Khari, Robabeh Salehi,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (10-2013)

Background and objective: Hypotension and Muscle cramp are the common complications of Hemodialysis. One approach that has recently been proposed to prevent this complication is the change in the concentration of sodium and ultrafiltration. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of sodium dialysate variation and ultrafiltration in preventing hypotension and muscle cramp during hemodialysis process.
Material and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 44 Hemodialysis patients were divided randomly into four groups. For each group, four treatment protocols (six-session Hemodialysis) were conducted. Protocol A: Sodium dialysate and ultrafiltration were constant. Protocol II: sodium was linear and ultrafiltration was constant. Protocol III: Sodium and ultrafiltration were linear. Protocol IV (routine): Sodium and ultrafiltration were constant. Using Chi-Square and relative risk, the data was analyzed (P<0.05).
Results: The incidence of hypotension, at the end of the fourth hour of dialysis in Protocol 3, was significantly decreased compared to that of routine method (P<0.05), while at the end of first, second and third hour, this difference was not significant. Muscle cramp in the routine method was more than other protocols (P=0.034). The relative risk of muscle cramp in the routine method was 2.08 times of protocol I, 1.09 of Protocol II, 2.08 of protocol III.
Conclusion: Sodium and ultrafiltration profile is simple and cost-free, and it reduces the incidence of hypotension and muscle cramp during dialysis. Thus, we recommend using sodium and UF profile instead of routine protocol to reduce these effects.

Mahtab Salimi, Dr Hamid Reza Arasteh, Dr Ali Reza Kia Manesh , Dr Parivash Jafari,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (Approved by the Commission Accreditation of Iranian Medical Journals Approved by the Commission Ac 2014)

Background and Objective: Successful transformation needs successful equipment and university should maintain it’s authority‌, credit‌, competency and necessity of it’s entity by planning organizational culture is an independent variable in organizational studies and Planning Process. The organizational culture in nursing colleges on job satisfaction of faculty members and effectiveness leadership can be effective factor to give more ability to nursing students. In the base of this fact, This study peid attention to assessment of organizational culture components and job satisfaction of faculty members and leadership effectiveness in nursing colleges. 
Material and Methods: This description study is accomplished on 230 members of full time nursing faculty in Islamic Azalea University, with the use of group sampling method. Cameron and Quinn (2006) organizational culture assessment questionnaire is used for culture assessment and specter Jss criteria (1997) of job satisfaction are used for job satisfaction assessment and realized leadership questionnaire is used for leadership effectiveness assessment. In processing of discovering factor, with the use of main parameters study method, the factor structure of questionnaire was reviewed. Results: The results of discovering and confirming process show that reviewed parameters in organizational culture questionnaire‌, job satisfaction, and leadership effectiveness have a high explainatory power and with consider of emphatic agent process and resulted Barazandegy Criteria, This questionnaire have a high potential to assess organizational culture, and job Satisfaction of faculty members and leadership effectiveness. 
Conclusion: We can used the results of this research in order to plan the effective leadership development of nursing collage management‌.

Zahra Sabzi, Hamideh Mancheri, Zahra Royani, Mohammad Aryaie, Seyedyaghoob Jafari, Ghorbanali Ahmadi,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (journal of Research Development in Nursing & Midwifery 2015)

Background and Objective: Subjective well-being, a field of positive psychology, attempts to assess the cognitive and emotional lives. Given the fact that nursing and midwifery students are exposed to stress in clinical settings, we aimed to assess subjective well-being to promote educational programs. 
Material and Methods: This across-sectional study was conducted on 104 nursing and Midwifery students selected via simple random sampling, 2013. The instruments, filled out by students, were a demographic checklist and Kyeez subjective well-being questionnaire consisting of three domains of emotional, social and psychological. We used mean and standard deviation for data description and T-test and ANOVA for analysis. 
Results: The mean score of subjective well-being was 203.20 in nursing and 210.21 in midwifery students. In nursing students, the Mean score in emotional, psychological and social domain was 44.05, 93.40 and 65.74, respectively, and it was 45.72, 94.78 and 69.55, respectively in midwifery students. Gender was the only variable associated significantly with subjective well-being of nursing students (P>0.05). 
Conclusion: Given the high score of subjective well-being and that of its domains, we recommend applying some educational programs with the consideration of emotional, psychological and social aspect of students.

Mohammad Aryaie, Danial Bagheri, Dr Mohammad Ali Vakili , Fozieh Bakhsha, Seid Yaghub Jafari, Samane Karimi, Dr Ali Asghar Abbasi Asfajir,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (Journal of Research Development in Nursing & Midwifery 2015)

Background and Objective: Musculoskeletal disorders are the most common occupational complaints bringing about increased financial burden and reduced social productivity. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and their relationship with psychosocial factors in the staff of organization.

Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 675 staff of the organizations in Gorgan where selected via cluster & stratified sampling. The instruments Nordic standard questionnaire and job content including areas of job demands, decision latitude, job nature, social interaction with managers and colleagues. We analyzed the data by independent t-test, chi-square test and logistic regression (P&le0.05).

Results: Seventy-seven of participants (11.4%) suffer from neck pain, 39 (5.8%) from shoulder pain and 97 (14.4%) from back pain. Multivariate logistic regression showed a significant relationship between neck pain and the support given by supervisor and Colleagues. Respectively, Freedom of decision-making and support are the most common factors associated with shoulder and back pain.

Conclusion: Based on the results, the support of supervisor & Colleagues and the freedom of decision are the risk factors associated with musculoskeletal disorders.

Zahra Sabzi, Hamideh Mancheri, Zahra Royani, Seyedyaghoob Jafari, Dr Mahnaz Modanloo,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (Journal of Research Development in Nursing & Midwifery 2015)

Background and Objective: Nursing students are experiencing stress in related to academic and clinical training programs.  Given the importance of promoting mental health and emotional intelligence in academic performance,  the study of emotional intelligence and related factors could be the basis for strengthening this important variable by designing and implementing of effective training programs.

Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 125 nursing & midwifery students selected randomly in 2013. The instruments were a demographic checklist and Shyryng Sybrya Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire. The data was analyzed in SPSS16 using descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and ANOVA, T- TEST (p&le 0.05).

Results: The mean of emotional intelligence was 109.12±12.27 in nursing and 113.32±13.26 in midwifery students.  The  total score and  the score of all dimensions of  Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire were not related significantly with some demographic factors such as age, residential place, interest to major and economic status (P>0.05), in both nursing and midwifery students. In nursing students, the meaningful relation was found just between Self-awareness dimension and gender (P=0.034) and grade point average (GPA)   (P=0.049). The score of Self-awareness was higher in female students and  in the students with higher GPA.

Conclusion: Regarding the relationship between some demographics and emotional intelligence, we can design and implement effective educational programs to boost this important component.

Fouzieh Bakhsha, Solmaz Halakou , Seyed Yaghoub Jafari, Zahra Yousefi, Mohammad Aryaee,
Volume 15, Issue 2 (7-2018)

Introduction: Surgery and anesthesia are the common practice for anesthetist on the one hand and very worrying for the patient and his family on the other. This fear can have potentially dangerous consequences. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the awareness and fear of patients and their companions towards anesthesia.
Methods: The present study employed a descriptive-analytic design. The instrument was a questionnaire with 38 items consisting of 20 items for fear of anesthesia, 13 items for awareness of anesthesia, and 3 items for the role of anesthesia personnel. The research population included patients undergoing surgery and their companions. The sample population was selected using non-random sampling. Data was analyzed using SPSS software version 16.
Results: In this study, 328 patients and 325 patients' companions (n = 653) were enrolled. The mean score of fear of anesthesia for patients and their companions was 77.56 ± 20.15 and 82.56 ± 20.51, respectively. The mean score of anesthesia awareness for patients and their companions was 6.27 ± 2.33, 33.6 ± 2.86, respectively. No significant correlation was found between fear and anesthesia awareness among patients.
Conclusion: The results of the study showed that patients and their companions had a relatively high degree of fear towards anesthesia and did not have enough awareness about anesthesia and its related factors. Therefore, it seems that provision of educational and anesthetic counseling before surgery can be very helpful in order to improve the conditions.
Keywords: Anesthesia, Patient, Fear, awareness

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