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Showing 38 results for Subject: General

Asieh Sadad Baniaghil,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2-2008)
Abstract

Background and objectives: Health education is a communicative activity that can be used to make people accept hehaviors effective on healthy life. This study aimed at comparing group education and the current method of olucation on family planning
 Material and Methods: In This pre-experimental study, the researcher sclected randomly four health centers out of 23. Then 120 women aged 15-45 were divided randomly into two groups of case and control. She instructed the case group in education classcs (10-15 members) taken for two hours. The control group was given individual education. The material of education was the same in both youns. After 3-6 mnonth, their family planning practice was recorded and analyzed by statistical tests such as chi-square.
Resu ts: The results in case group show that %60 (up to 3 months) and 256 (up to 6 months) of the subjects use a reliable contraceptive method after education. But in control group 3% and 7% of the samples, respectively. The difference between the two groups is significant (p=0/000).
Conclusion: Active group education is an effective way of casily accepting of family planning,
Mansor Tahanian, Mohamad Javad Mogassemi, Mehdi Gorbani, Abolghasem Badeli,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2-2008)
Abstract

Background and objectives: accidents are the most prevalent causes of mortality and disability in the world and car accident is one of the main causes of death in Iran. Car accident is one of the biggest predicaments of the public health and developinent in Golestan province and their victims are mostly young and efficient people. Hence, the study of the effective factors can be useful in suggesting essential strategies leading to accident reduction. Materials and Methods: We carried out this CIOSS-sectional study on all 644 cases available in medico-legal organization of golestan province, 2006. After data collection, we did data analysis by SPSS software. Results: The findings show that 644 people died in the accidents, 2006. The victims are men (84.8%), 30-49 year old (25.294), illiterates (28.9%), died at the scene (44.6%), died by head injury (62.7%) and motorcyclist (41.6%). Most of them died or have been injured in high ways (65.4%), but only a small nurrber of accident occurred in minor roads or villages (12.999). In terms of job, workers have a high mortality rate. Most of accidents occur in summer, the most crowded time of the year (34%). Conclusion: The implementation of the following preventive measure can be helpful in reducing the mortality rate: making roads and driving safer and providing telephone coverage in remote arcas to transfer the casualties fast.
Morteza Mansourian, Naser Behnampoor, Leyla Padash, Rahman Charkazi, Mostafa Gorbani,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2-2008)
Abstract

    Background and Objectives: 
lesson plan is an educational strategy that the teacher designs for an individual lesson. The aim of this study was the determination of faculty member's attitude toward lesson plan in Golestan University of medical sciences
    Material and Methods:    
    We performed this cross-sectional Study on faculty members (N=55) of Golestan university of medical sciences. The instrument was a questionnaire including demographic and attitude questions. We used chi square to analyze the data (P<0.05).
      Results: The mean age of the subjects is 38.58+8.71. They are male (79%), basic sciences lecturers (51%). With 11_6.17 years of service, official faculty members (58.2%), without any lesson plan (11.3%), the participants of lesson plan workshop (67.3%), with an average of 7.14=3.38 credits in a semester. 41.8% of them access their lesson plan to students, 14.76% aren't familiar with Education Center (EDC) activities and 10% havc ncgative attitude toward lesson plan (P<0.05). There is significant difference between the subject's attitude and their specialty (clinical or basic sciences) and the number of lessons. But it isn't true for age, gender. course, teaching experience employinent and the number of credits.
     Conclusion: according to the crucial role of lesson plan, holding the lesson plan workshop faculty members and motivate them to prepare lesson plan can be effective in the promotion of education quality.

Masomeh Delaram, Ali Hasanpoor Dehkordi, Kobra Noriyan, Afsaneh Kazemyan, Nasrin Fouroozandeh,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2-2008)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Emergency contraception methods used in a specilic time after an unprotected intercourse can reduce the incidence of unwanted pregnancy. Considering the role of health care provider's intercourse can extremely reduce the incidence of unwanted pregnancy, Considering the role of health- care providers in preventing unintended pregnancy, we decided to assess their knowledge, Attitude and Practice about emergency contraceptive methods in Shahr-e-kord, Irun.
Material and Methods: The subjects of this descriptive study were 102 lealth care providers engaged in all heath centers (N=9) and Hajar hospital of shahr-e-kord. After collecting the data by a researcher- made questionnaire, we used Chi-square and Pearson correlation coefficient to analyze the data
 Results: The results show that their knowledge of emergency contraceptive methods is inadequate (5.9%), moderate (37.3 %) and adequate (59.9%). Their attitude (80%) is positive and believe that these methods can not be considered abortion. More than 70% of them try to recommend these methods to the women. There is signilicant correlation between the level of knowledge and education level (P=0.002).
Conclusion: We recommend updating the people's knowledge about emergency contraceptive methods, mainly jud
Shohreh Kolagari, Khadije Yazdi, Zahra Mirkarimi,, Naser Behnampoor,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2-2008)
Abstract

Background and objectives: Territoriality is a defined area that a person considers as its own and that he/she defends against intruders. We carried out this study to determine the patients attitude toward the respect of human territory in 5 Azar hospital, Gorgan, Iran.
Material and Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was conducted on 272 in 2008. The instrument was a questionnaire including demographic data and territory-related questions (r=869). We used Mann Whitney, kruskal-Wallis, and spearman correlation to analyse the data.
 Results: The subjects are women (72.4%) with the mean age of 47.80 +17.28. The mean score of the patients' viewpoint is 2.97= 0.61. The rate of respect is 74%. There is no significant correlation between the attitude of patients and the demographic variables.
Conclusion: Based on the results, the respect of human rights and territory is always being considered by patients. Thercforc. further rescarch about the factors affecting on it is extremely important.
Moslem Hessam, Heydar Arash, Akram Sanagoo, Leyla Juybari,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2-2008)
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Since the students are the most important part of university, their satisfaction with educational services is necessary to improve the quality of system. Electronic registration has initially been conducted since 2003 in Iranian universities; therefore, it is a necessity to carry out a research to explore the students view points.
Materials and Methods: We performed this descriptive study on 490 students. The instrument was a researcher made questionnaire that its validity and reliability were confirmed.
Results: Based on the study, the subjects' satisfaction is high (33.9%), moderate (59.8%), and low (6.3%). The students also ask for casier access to computer, further chance to do registration, high quality soft ware, friendly staff, and corporative advisors and no bureaucracy. Generally, studen s have excellent and satisfactory view.
 Conclusion: the students as the actual users of education services are satisticd with electronic registration; therefore, every ellort should be made to promote the quality of Services.
Elham Khoori , Katayoun Jalaliaria ,
Volume 14, Issue 2 (9-2017)
Abstract

Background: Youths and adolescents are considered as valuable assets of any society. The preservation and promotion of health in this population is an issue of significant importance from the social and economic dimensions. Globalization has resulted in the emergence of several health risks for this age set. Sexual curiosity and sexual experiences are some of these dangers, which can cause irreparable damages if neglected. Regarding this, the present narrative review was conducted to identify the guidelines from different parts of the world for the preservation and promotion of sexual and fertility health among the Iranian adolescents and youths. The integration of these strategies can provide appropriate solutions conforming to the Iranian culture.
Methods: This narrative review was conducted on the articles and sources published within 1958-2015. The search was performed using the valid international databases, including Pubmed, Google Scholar, Google, WHO, ProQuest, and the Persian databases, such as Iranmedex and SID. In addition, we performed library research to obtain the papers investigating the issue of interest. The keywords used during the searching process entailed: “Reproduction Health”, “Youth”, “Adolescents”, and “Sexual Health”. In this review, out of 85 evaluated sources, 53 articles, books, thesis, and websites were selected.
 Results: As the reviewed studies indicated, the lack of knowledge, an unclear horizon of the future, and inaccessibility to reproductive health services threaten the health of the youths and adolescents. Therefore, the provision of sex education by parents, schools, or peers can have a significant impact on the promotion of sexual health in this population. Moreover, screening and identifying the adolescents and youths at risk and educating the necessary skills to this age set can prevent the occurrence of high-risk sexual behaviors. Similar to other countries but with a lower prevalence rate, there are some problems in sexual and fertility health of the youths and adolescents in Iran. Therefore, it is recommended to teach the sexual health promotion techniques to this population according to their religion and culture.
Shohreh Ayoubi, Nabi Bostan ,
Volume 14, Issue 2 (9-2017)
Abstract

Background: Pregnancy and postnatal period are associated with significant psychological and physiological changes, which might sometimes induce pathological variations, as well. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of physiologic delivery education on mental health of pregnant women.
Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 50 pregnant women, who were referred to three healthcare centers and Motazedi Hospital of Kermanshah, Iran, in 2015. The samples were  selected through simple random sampling and divided into two groups of intervention and control. The intervention group received eight 90-minute sessions, whereas no intervention was administered to the control group. The data collection tools consisted of a demographics form and Goldberg’s General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), which were filled out by the participants in a pretest-posttest design. Data analysis was performed in SPSS, version 20, using analysis of covariance.
Results: Given the difference in mean scores of the intervention and control groups before (23.6) and after (20.55) the intervention, it could be concluded that reduction of three scores after the training sessions was indicative of improved mental health of the participants. Thus, physiologic delivery education could enhance mental health of pregnant women (P<0.01).
Conclusion: Physiologic delivery education improved mental health in pregnant women.
Maryam Mansoor Bostani, Ali Akbar Abdollahi , Ganbar Rouhi , Navisa Sadat Seyedghasem, Millad Mansoor Bostani, Farnaz Abdollahi ,
Volume 14, Issue 2 (9-2017)
Abstract

Background: School age is a sensitive period in the child growth. Backpack weight has an important impact on physical growth and neuromuscular development of the children. Regarding this, the present study was conducted to determine the ratio of backpack weight to body weight and investigate its relationship with some factors among the elementary school students of Gorgan, Iran, within 2013-14.
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 258 elementary school students of Gorgan, Iran, in academic year of 2013-14. The participants were selected via stratified random sampling. The data were collected using a digital scale, a meter, and a checklist. The body weight and height of the students were measured once in the presence of the researcher. Data analysis was performed using the Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, and analysis of variance through the SPSS version 16.
 Results: According to the results, 57.4% of the participants were female. Regarding the bag type, the backpack and other types of bags, such as file-box, had the highest (89.5%) and lowest (0.8%) frequencies, respectively. The mean ratio of students’ bag weight to their body weight was 9.4±3.78. Furthermore, the ratio of bag weight to body weight had a significant difference (P<0.001) between the two groups of boys and girls, between the various school levels, and also between the different school bag types. Nevertheless, there was not a significant difference in bag weight considering the parental occupation. Moreover, the most common pain and discomfort was found to be in the neck (27.3%).
Conclusion: Although this study indicates that the ratio of bag weight to students’ body weight is in the standard limit, but neck pain was common, and this issue could be considered and taught in school schedules by managers of educational settings.
Shirin Madadkar Dehkordi, Mehdi Basiri Moghadam ,
Volume 14, Issue 2 (9-2017)
Abstract

Background: Dialysis adequacy is one of the determining factors for survival in elderly patients. Improving the dialysis adequacy highly affects the remission and prognosis of old dialysis patients. Current study was conducted to evaluate the effects of Jacobson relaxation technique on dialysis adequacy in elderly people, who are under dialysis treatment.
Methods: ods: This is a clinical trial performed on 80 hemodialysis patients in two hemodialysis centers of Gonabad and Yazd, Iran, in 2013. The patients were selected through purposive sampling method, and randomly assigned into the two groups of control (n=40) and intervention (n=40). The participants in intervention group were provided by three sessions of relaxation training, and were asked to perform the relaxation daily for six weeks, while the control group just received the routine cares. Afterwards, the adequacy of dialysis was compared between the two groups. The data was collected using the demographic information, and the dialysis adequacy was calculated by KT/V equation.
 Results: A significant statistical difference was found between groups regarding the mean difference of dialysis adequacy in pre- and post-intervention (P<0.001).Besides, dialysis adequacy increased post-intervention in the case group and decreased slightly in the control group compared to pre-intervention.
Conclusion: Training and performing the relaxation method lead to an  improved dialysis adequacy in elderly patients under hemodialysis.
Mahdi Heidarzadeh , Masoumeh Agh Amohammadi ,
Volume 14, Issue 2 (9-2017)
Abstract

Background: The investigation of spiritual growth and its dimensions in the diabetic patients can help these individuals adjust to the stressful event of this disease. Regarding this, the present study aimed to explore the spiritual growth and its dimensions in the patients with type II diabetes mellitus.
Methods: This qualitative study was conducted on the adult patients with a history of at least one year of type II diabetes mellitus, who referred to the Diabetes Clinic of the Imam Khomeini Hospital in Ardabil, Iran, using an interpretive phenomenological approach. The sampling was performed using the purposive sampling and the data was collected through semi-structured interview. Each interview was transcribed verbatim and analyzed based on the Van Manen’s method.
Results: The data analysis led to the emergence of 237 codes, 3 main themes, and 7 subthemes. The basic themes included tendency to spirituality, God-centeredness, and moral growth.
Conclusion: As the findings of this study indicated, the diabetic patients had turned to spirituality more than ever and used it as a powerful tool to cope with their disease. The emerging new categories highlighted the new aspects of diabetes consequences that can help develop the concept of spirituality in the nursing science, and also have clinical applications in this discipline. The care providers can take advantage of these findings to enhance the patients’ spiritual growth and improve their compliance with the stressful events of diabetes.
 
Rezaali Mohamadpour, Nasser Behnampour, Fateme Abdollahi, Amenesadat Sheykholeslami, Zahra Mehrbakhsh, Somaie Barzanuni,
Volume 14, Issue 2 (9-2017)
Abstract

Background: Breast milk is the most suitable nutrition for the neonates. Breast milk and breastfeeding duration can contribute to decreased mortality rate, intestinal bleeding, and various neonatal diseases (e.g., digestive and respiratory diseases). It can also reduce the risk of diabetes and obesity in childhood and adulthood. Therefore, the estimation of breastfeeding duration and recognition of the effective factors in this regard can lead to designing and implementing appropriate programs, which can provide the foundations for the modification of breastfeeding behavior.
Methods: This survival study was conducted on 501 mothers with healthy and single birth neonates born within March 21, 2011-September 21, 2012 with active medical records in Aqqala city, Golestan province, Iran, in the second half of 2014. The data were collected from the information registered at the archives of health centers by in-person visiting. In addition, some of the information was collected through phone contacts. The duration of breastfeeding was estimated in month. Data analysis was carried out using the Cox regression in the STATA software, version 11.
 Results: According to the results, the mean and median of breastfeeding were 20.44 and 22 months, respectively. According to the Cox regression, maternal ethnicity, living with family, birth spacing, type of milk consumed along with complementary nutrition, and type of neonatal nutrition during the hospital stay of the infant had a significant relationship with the early cessation of breastfeeding.
Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study and the identified factors affecting the breastfeeding duration, it seems necessary to provide the essential trainings for the young mothers and pregnant women to avoid of reducing the duration   of breastfeeding. These educations can be included in the programs of the Health centers of the universities and urban and rural medical clinics.
 
Mohammad Moradi, Reza Zeighami , Hossein Tuzandeh Jani, Mahmud Alipur,
Volume 14, Issue 2 (9-2017)
Abstract

Background: A headache is the most common post-traumatic complaint in patients. Nurses can help to relieve the pain and to improve the quality of the care through non-pharmacological methods. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of pressure on Hugo point on the severity of a headache after head injury.
Methods: In this clinical trial, 60 patients were randomly divided into two intervention and control groups after accessible sampling. At first, the severity of a headache was measured by Visual Analogue Scale. In experimental group, the pressure was applied to Hugo point for 2 minutes followed by rest for 2 minutes; this procedure was repeated for 7 times. During this period, the control group received only routine care. The patients' pain scores were measured again after the intervention. Data analysis was performed using SPSS v.20 software.
Results: There was a significant difference between the scores of pain in the experimental group before and after the intervention (P <0.05), however, this difference was not significant in the control group.
Conclusion: Considering the ease of performing and the safety of this method, it is suggested to be used as an effective method to reduce the headache in patients.
Sharareh Zeighami Mohammadi Zeighami Mohammadi, Parvin Farmani, Esmat Danesh,
Volume 14, Issue 2 (9-2017)
Abstract

Background: Identify factors affecting medication adherence is effective in the planning of patient care, education and follow-up of heart failure patients. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between type D personality and medication adherence in patients with systolic heart failure was performed.
Methods: This was a descriptive -correlational study . 100 patients with systolic heart failure at least one year experience of developing heart failure and ejection fraction below 40%  admitted to hospital Alborz Social Security of Karaj and the Social Security Hospital of Shahriar in 2013  using convenience sampling were entered into the study. Demographic data and type-D personality questionnaire, medication adherence scale in patients with heart failure, was completed by interview. Data was analyzed by SPSS software version 18 and using descriptive statistics and coefficient Pearson correlation.
Results: 75% of total systolic heart failure patients had type D personality. The %65 of total patients was poor medical adherence. There was a significant negative moderate correlation between Type D personality and medical adherence (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Patients with systolic heart failure with type D personality had lower drug adherence. Screening of type D personality in patients with heart failure and referral for counseling and appropriate treatment can help to enhance medication adherence of heart failure patients.
Zahra Royani , Ghanbar Roohi , Zahra Sabzi , Hamideh Mancheri , Einollah Mollaei,
Volume 14, Issue 2 (9-2017)
Abstract

Background: Fatigue is among the most common complications for hemodialysis patients. The theory of unpleasant symptoms is associated with fatigue in hemodialysis patients. According to this theory, fatigue has three physical, mental and situational factors. Considering this theory,   we aimed to determine some factors related to fatigue in hemodialysis patients.
Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, of 165 hemodialysis patients admitted to Panje Azar Medical and Educational Center in Gorgan, Iran, 58 eligible ones were randomly selected. Data was  collected using demographic information questionnaire, Fatigue Severity Scale, Beck Anxiety Inventory and Beck Depression Inventory. Data analysis was conducted in SPSS 17, using Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient tests.
Results: The mean fatigue in all patients was 4.76 ± 1.66 out of 7. Fifty-two patients (89.7%) suffered from some degree (mild to severe) of anxiety and 43 patients (74.1%) suffered from some degrees (mild to severe) of depression. Fatigue only had a direct relationship with psychological factor [anxiety (P = 0.006, r = 0.353, and depression (P <0.001, r = 0.525)].
Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of fatigue among hemodialysis patients and associated factors, care providers are advised to identify high-risk individuals through conducting periodic psychiatric examinations and to promote their knowledge on available strategies to reduce adverse effects in these patients.
Zahra Sabzi , Mahnaz Modanloo , Khadijeh Yazdi, Shohreh Kolagari, Mohammad Aryaie,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (2-2018)
Abstract

Introduction: Validity and reliability are essential criteria for clinical competency assessment tests. This study was conducted to determine the validity and reliability of the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) for nursing pre-internship.
Methods: This methodological study was done on 36 pre-internship Nursing students of  Golestan  University of Medical Sciences in 2016. Census method was used for sampling. The face validity and content validity of the twelve-station checklist were conducted with the viewpoint and expertise of specialists. The criterion validity was determined by the correlation of the mean scores of theoretical and clinical courses with the total OSCE score, and construct validity was determined by the correlation between score of each stations with total score. The predictive validity was determined by multivariable regression and the reliability was determined through internal consistency.
Results: The face validity and content validity of the test checklists were approved by the specialist’s panel of the nursing educational departments. The criterion validity was approved by the correlation of the total score of the test with the mean score of the theoretical courses (r = 0.48) and clinical courses (r=0.35). The correlation of the twelve stations with the total score of the test approved the construct validity, and the mean score was the only predictive variable of the test results (P=0.004, r=.68, β=0.49). The internal consistency of the test was (α=0.92).
Conclusion: Validity and reliability assessment of clinical competency tests can assure the tools used to determine the readiness of nursing students before entering the field and can resolve learning problems.
 
Amin Haghgoo , Mohammad Zoladl, Khairollah Nooryan , Shirali Kharamin, Soleiman Afrooghi,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (2-2018)
Abstract

Background: Collaborative care can be used as a component of self-care in reducing the complications of care in family caregivers of mental patients. Therefore, the present study aims to "determine the impact of the use of collaborative care model on the care burden parameters of the family of patients with mental disorders".
Methods: In this clinical trial, 66 households from family caregivers of mental patients participated who were eligible for inclusion in a study in the Shahid Rajaee Hospital of Yasuj in 2014.  The samples were available and were divided into two groups of intervention (33 families) and control (33 families) based on simple random sampling. The instruments were demographic information sheet, primary needs assessment checklist, Novak’s caregiver burden inventory (CBI). Collaborative care model was implemented based on the motivation, preparation, involvement and evaluation phases in the intervention group for 11 sessions. No intervention was performed for control group during this period. Data analysis was performed based on descriptive and inferential statistics (Chi-square, independent t-test, and Mann-Whitney) using SPSS V.21 with a significant level (p< 0.05).
Results: The results showed that there was no significant difference in the scores of care burden between the two groups before intervention (P> 0.05); however, after implementation of the model, there was a significant difference between the mean care burden and all the components of the intervention group and the control group. (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Implementation of collaborative care model is effective in decreasing the care burden of the family of patients with mental disorders. Therefore, it is recommended using of this model in health care.
Hamideh Mancheri , Shohreh Kolagari , Mahnaz Modanloo, Habib Abdollahi, Mohammad Aryaie ,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (2-2018)
Abstract

Background: The effect of new teaching method on study skill of students results in a significant improvement in learning performances. The aim of study was to determine the effect of Team-Based Learning on study habits of nursing students.
Methods: The quasi-experimental study with a before-and-after design was conducted on nursing students of Golestan University of Medical Sciences in 2015. 101 students participated in this study through census sampling considering the inclusion criteria. The data was collected using Palsane and Sharma Study Habits Inventory (PSSHI) before and after intervention. The intervention was 16 sessions (a two-hour session per week) Team-based learning. The data was analyzed in SPSS-20 software using paired t-test.
Results: Finding showed that most of the students were female (60.3%), and single (95%) with mean age of 21.47±1.5 years. When students were stratified into four groups based on the quartiles of the distribution of study habit, the number of students who had poor study habit decrease after intervention (%5.6) and the number of students with excellent study habit increase after intervention (%3.8). In addition, the mean and standard deviation scores of students' study habits of before and after the intervention were 42.53±7.46 and 48.75±8.94, respectively, which was significantly different (P<.005).
Conclusion: The results showed that Team-Based learning improved their study habits, but the majority of students had poor study habits. In order to improve the study habits of students, student-centered learning is recommended
Seyed Javad Hosseini, Parvin Aziznejadroshan, Mahmoud Hajiahmadi , Soghra Goliroshan , Monireh Sadat Mousavi,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (2-2018)
Abstract

Background: Depression is the most common psychological problem in patients with chronic renal failure, which has a negative effect on the outcome of treatment and life quality. The aim of this study was to compare the symptoms of depression in patients referring to the Kidney Transplant Unit of Babol Shahid Beheshti Hospital before transplantation, at discharge and three months after transplantation.      
Methods: This descriptive analytical study was conducted on 51 patients receiving renal transplant from November 2014 to February 2015 in Babol Shahid Beheshti Hospital. The non-random sampling method was used. Data were collected using demographic questionnaire and Beck Depression Inventory distributed in three stages. Descriptive and inferential statistics and SPSS18 were used to analyze the data. P=0.05 was considered significant level.
Results: Before, at and three months after renal transplantation, 70.6%, 56.9% and 52.9% of the patients had mild to very severe depression, respectively. Mean scores of depression were 19.25 ± 11.99, 14.78 ± 11.45 and 12.82 ± 9.96 before transplantation, at discharge and three months after transplantation, respectively. Paired t-test showed a significant difference between the mean scores of depression before transplantation and at discharge after transplantation (P=0.006), before and three months after kidney transplantation (P = 0.000). There was no significant difference between the time of discharge and three months after transplantation (P=0.135). In addition, no significant difference was found between the scores of depression with gender, marital status, education, occupation and income (p = 0.391).
Conclusion: The results indicated a lower incidence of depression in kidney transplanted patients. It is recommended that the patients awaiting transplantation and subsequently their depression status should be intermittently examined and drug or non-drug treatment should be designated for these patients based on the results.
Elham Khoori , Fatemeh Zarekia , Shahram Mohammadkhani , Azizeh Ghaseminejad, Navisa Sadat Seyedghasemi ,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (2-2018)
Abstract

Background: The success of therapeutic results of assisted reproductive techniques is related to several factors, including the extent of female anxiety. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of training problem solving skills on the anxiety of female candidates for intrauterine insemination in Moheb Yas Hospital in Tehran (2015).
Methods: This experimental study was a two-group design (intervention and control) of pre-test and post-test type. The data collection tool was a sociodemographic form and Beck Anxiety Inventory. The samples comprised of 49 female candidates for assisted reproductive technique of intrauterine insemination, with the least Anxiety Score of eight from Beck Anxiety Inventory.  Based on this inventory, participants were homogenized in terms of different levels of anxiety and were randomly assigned into intervention and control groups. For intervention group, the problem-solving skills were trained for three sessions of 2-2.5 hours. Then, Beck's Anxiety Inventory was filled in both intervention and control groups, one day and 9 weeks after the end of the intervention. The data was analyzed in SPSS version 16, using the descriptive and analytical statistics (Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon, and Paired t-test).
Results: There was no significant difference in the anxiety score among the two intervention and control groups before intervention, whereas the anxiety score indicated a significant difference between the two groups (P=0.001) one day and 9 weeks after the end of the intervention. Training problem-solving skills significantly reduced the anxiety of the intervention group one day after the intervention, and the decrease also remained stable at 9 weeks after the end of the intervention (p = 0.001).
Conclusion: By training problem-solving skills, we can reduce the anxiety among female candidates for intrauterine insemination.

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